Skip to main content

Table 2 Comparison between ICH survivors with or without a spot sign (n = 66)

From: Early spot sign is associated with functional outcomes in primary intracerebral hemorrhage survivors

Variables Spot sign negative (n = 57)
N (% or SD)
Spot sign positive (n = 9)
N (% or SD)
P-value Odds Ratio (OR)
Age (years) 55.26 (15.34) 57.44 (11.86) 0.69  
Gender (female) 20/57 (35.09) 4/9 (44.44) 0.59  
GCS at admission    0.85  
 3–8 11 (19.30) 1 (11.11)   
 9–13 14 (24.56) 4 (44.44)   
 14–15 32 (56.14) 4 (44.44)   
BI at admission 19.39 (18.15) 17.78 (33.55) 0.41  
BI at discharge (mean) 63.39 (27.05) 58.89 (16.16) 0.32  
Severe dependency
 BI ≤ 60 23/56 (41.07) 6/9 (66.67) 0.15 2.8 a
 mRS ≥ 4 20/56 (35.09) 5/9 (55.56) 0.24 2.31a
Functional independence
 BI> 90 10/57 (17.54) 0/9 (0) 0.17
 mRS ≤ 2 7/57 (12.28) 0/9 (0) 0.34
Surgery 14/57 (24.56) 6/9 (66.67) 0.01 6.14
Ventriculostomy 3/57 (5.26) 2/9 (22.22) 0.07 5.14
Length of hospitalization (days) 39.81 (24.00) 55.7 (30.20) 0.06  
Hematoma expansion 8/39 (20.51) 3/5 (60) 0.055  
  1. N Number, SD Standard deviation, GCS Glasgow Coma Scale, BI Barthel Index, mRS modified Rankin Scale
  2. aOdds ratio for worse outcome (BI ≤60 or mRS score ≥ 4)