Skip to main content

Table 1 The baseline characteristics between good outcome and death/severe disability groups

From: Plasma D-dimer level is associated with clinical outcomes in patients with atrial fibrillation related acute ischemic stroke after pneumonia

  Good outcome group (187) Death/severe disability group (228) OR(95%CI) P*
Age, y (Mean SD) 66.32 ± 9.97 68.68 ± 9.63   0.005
NIHSS score, median (IQR) 7(5–11) 13(10–16)   <0.001
D-dimer, median (IQR) 1.30(0.80–2.00) 2.50(1.60–3.88)   <0.001
INR, median (IQR) 1.34(1.06–1.97) 1.37(1.10–1.93)   0.838
CHA2DS2-VASc, median (IQR) 4.00(4–5) 4.0(4–5)   0.360
Infarct volume, ml, median (IQR) 51(29–76) 81(50–127)   <0.001
CURB-65 score, median (IQR) 2(1–2) 2(1–3)   0.005
Females, n(%) 88(47.06) 123(53.95) 1.32 (0.89–1.94) 0.163
Male, n(%) 99(52.94) 105(46.05) 1.32 (0.89–1.94) 0.163
BMI ≥ 24 kg/m, n(%) 55(29.41) 68(29.82) 1.02(0.67–1.56) 0.927
Hypertension, n(%) 120(64.17) 145(63.60) 0.98(0.65–1.46) 0.904
Current Smoking, n(%) 51(27.27) 75(32.89) 1.31(0.86–2.00) 0.215
Current alcohol drinking,n(%) 66(35.29) 81(35.53) 1.01(0.67–1.51) 0.961
Diabetes, n(%) 58(31.01) 65(28.51) 0.89(0.58–1.35) 0.578
Hyperlipidemia, n(%) 121(64.71) 157(68.86) 1.21(0.80–1.82) 0.371
Family history of stroke, n(%) 46(24.60) 48(21.05) 0.82(0.52–1.30) 0.390
Thrombolytic therapy, n(%) 26(13.90) 25(10.96) 0.76(0.42–1.37)- 0.763
Thrombectomy, n(%) 10(5.35) 13(5.70) 1.07(0.46–2.50) 0.875
Thrombolytic therapy+ Thrombectomy, n(%) 4(2.14) 4(1.75) 0.82(0.20–3.31) 0.777
Medications use
 Antihypertensive, n(%) 96(51.34) 133(58.33) 1.38(0.90–1.96) 0.154
 Anticoagulant, n(%) 61(32.62) 21(9.21) 0.21(0.12–0.36) 0.000
 Antiplatelets, n(%) 54(28.88) 55(24.12) 0.78(0.51–1.21) 0.274
 Lipid-lowering medications, n(%) 109(58.29) 132(57.89) 0.98(0.67–1.46) 0.935
  1. Bold indicates P-values less than 0.05.
  2. *Comparison between good outcome and death/severe disability groups. The data are presented as median values (interquartile range [IQR]), numbers (%), or mean values (±standard deviation). Categorical variables are expressed as frequency (percent) for P values. Baseline characteristics were compared between the 2 subgroups by univariate analysis using Pearson χ2, distributions of continuous variables were determined by the Kolmogorov–Smirnov test, Mann–Whitney two sample test was applied in case of non-normal distributions