Skip to main content

Table 1 Baseline Characteristics

From: Quantitative assessments of pupillary light reflexes in hospital-onset unresponsiveness

Factor n = 214
Age, yr, mean ± standard deviation 63.9 ± 14.9
Male sex, n (%) 127 (59.3)
Modified Rankin Scale before admission (interquartile ranges) 2 (0–4)
Modified Rankin Scale before admission ≥4, n (%) 72 (33.6)
Comorbidities
 Hypertension, n (%) 101 (47.2)
 Diabetes mellitus, n (%) 69 (32.2)
 Cardiac disease, n (%) 83 (38.8)
 Chronic lung disease, n (%) 21 (9.8)
 Chronic liver disease, n (%) 35 (16.4)
 Chronic kidney disease, n (%) 41 (19.2)
 Cancer, n (%) 85 (39.7)
 Previous stroke, n (%) 34 (15.9)
Hospital departments
 Cardiothoracic surgery, n (%) 28 (13.0)
 Gastroenterology, n (%) 22 (10.2)
 Liver transplantation surgery, n (%) 22 (10.2)
 Oncology, n (%) 20 (9.3)
 Pulmonology, n (%) 20 (9.3)
 Cardiology, n (%) 18 (8.4)
 Hematology, n (%) 15 (7.0)
 Acute care surgery, n (%) 13 (6.0)
 Obstetrics and gynecology, n (%) 8 (3.7)
 Rehabilitation medicine, n (%) 8 (3.7)
 Nephrology, n (%) 7 (3.2)
 Infection, n (%) 6 (2.8)
 Acute emergency care unit, n (%) 5 (2.3)
 Neurosurgery, n (%) 5 (2.3)
 Kidney transplantation, n (%) 4 (1.8)
 Orthopedic surgery, n (%) 4 (1.8)
 Others, n (%)a 9 (4.2)
Elapsed time to NAT activation
 From hospital admission to NAT activation, day (interquartile ranges) 7.5 (2.0–22.8)
 From last-known-normal to NAT activation, hours (interquartile ranges) 3.0 (0.5–11.9)
 From first-found-abnormal to NAT activation, minutes (interquartile ranges) 53.5 (12.2–230.8)
Findings on NAT activation
 Glasgow Coma Scale, median (interquartile ranges) 6 (3–8)
 Hypotension, n (%) 16 (7.5)
 Tachycardia, n (%) 125 (58.4)
  1. NAT Neurological Alert Team
  2. a Geriatric internal medicine (n = 2), Urology (n = 2), Endocrinology (n = 1), Vascular surgery (n = 1), Rheumatology (n = 1), Endocrine surgery (n = 1), and Plastic surgery (n = 1)