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Table 2 Clinical features of fourteen patients with neurocysticercosis

From: Next-generation sequencing combined with serological tests based pathogen analysis for a neurocysticercosis patient with a 20-year history:a case report

Case
No.
Age range,y. Delay,mo. Seizure Headache Visual
impairment
Transient
LOC
Cognitive
decline
Neuroimaging features Treatment
1 [10] 45–50 60 + + + + Head CT showed scattered parenchymal
Calcified lesions. Cerebral MRI showed hydrocephalus, enhancement of the basal meninges, and multiple cystic lesions in prepontine cistern and suprasellar cistern.
ABZ, DXM, ETV
2 [10] 55–60 8 + Head CT showed a calcified lesion in the left frontal lobe. Cerebral MRI was normal hydrocephalus. Spine MRI was not performed. ABZ, DXM
3 [10] 50–55 96 + + + + Head CT revealed no calcified lesion. Cerebral MRI showed hydrocephalus and enhanced lesion posterior to the medulla. ABZ, DXM
4 [10] 30–35 1 + Cerebral MRI showed hydrocephalus and multiple cystic lesions in the suprasellar cistern. ABZ, DXM, ETV
5 [11] 43–44 12 + Cerebral MRI with contrast showed several small hyperintense lesions involving right cerebellar hemisphere and bilateral occipital, with ring enhancement of gadolinium. Praziquantel
6 [12] 61–66 N + N Cerebral MRI showed an irregular cystic lesion at the left Sylvian. Praziquantel, ABZ
7 [12] 36 N + N Cerebral MRI showed cystic lesions in the right lateral hippocampus and left lateral fissure. Praziquantel, ABZ
8 [12] 44–48 N + + N + + Cerebral MRI showed an expanded ventricular system and hydrocephalus Praziquantel, ABZ, Ommaya reservoir implantation
9 [12] 66–67 N N + Cerebral MRI showed an expanded ventricular system and a right ventricular cyst. Praziquantel, ABZ
10 [12] 50–53 N + N Cerebral MRI showed an expanded ventricular system and hydrocephalus. Praziquantel, ABZ
11 [12] 41–42 N + N Cerebral MRI showed an expanded ventricular system and hydrocephalus. Praziquantel, ABZ
12 [12] 47 N + N Cerebral MRI showed an expanded ventricular system and hydrocephalus. Praziquantel, ABZ
  1. Age means the age at disease onset. The Delay means diagnostic delay. No.5 patient complained paroxysmal numbness of her left face and arm. No.9 patient presented with intermittent left lower limb weakness for one year. None of the remaining patients had focal neurological deficits
  2. +, positive;-, negative, N Not mention, No. Number, y. Year, mo. Month, LOC Loss of consciousness, CT Computed tomography, MRI Magnetic resonance imaging, ALB Albendazole, DXM Dexamethasone, ETV Endoscopic third ventriculostomy