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Table 1 Clinical characteristics of patients with focal cortical dysplasia and healthy controls

From: Alterations of structural connectivity and structural co-variance network in focal cortical dysplasia

  Patients with focal cortical dysplasia (N = 37) Healthy controls (N = 35) p-value
Age, years (± SD) 28.0 (± 9.8) 25.5 (± 2.6) 0.137
Male, n (%) 20 (54.0) 21 (60.0) 0.613
Age of seizure onset, years (interquartile range) 14 (11–23)   
Duration of epilepsy, months (interquartile range) 78 (12–180)   
EEG epileptiform discharges, n (%) 37 (100.0)   
ASM load (interquartile range) 1.4 (0.6–2.5)   
FCD side
  Right side, n (%) 16 (43.2)   
  Left side, n (%) 20 (54.1)   
  Both sides, n (%) 1 (2.7)   
FCD Location
  Frontal lobe, n (%) 16 (43.2)   
  Temporal lobe, n (%) 15 (40.5)   
  Parietal lobe, n (%) 3 (8.1)   
  Occipital lobe, n (%) 3 (8.1)   
  Transmantle sign, n (%) 10 (27.0)   
  1. SD standard deviation; EEG electroencephalography; ASM anti-seizure medication; FCD focal cortical dysplasia