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Table 1 Patient characteristics stratified by study inclusion

From: Liver fibrosis indices associated with substantial hematoma expansion in Chinese patients with primary intracerebral hemorrhage

Characteristic Included
(n = 436)
Excluded
(n = 670)
p Value OR (95% CI)
Age, years 59.9 (14.0) 55.1 (15.1) <0.001 NA
Male 292 (67.0) 428 (63.9) 0.292 1.147 (0.889-1.479)
GCS 14 (9-15) 12 (6-14) <0.001 NA
NIHSS 9 (3-14) 11 (4-27) <0.001 NA
BP on admission, mmHg     NA
    Systolic BP 166.2 (26.9) 162.7 (32.8) 0.053  
    Diastolic BP 95.8 (16.8) 97.0 (22.4) 0.296  
Comorbidities
 Hypertension 275 (63.1) 395 (59.0) 0.171 1.189 (0.928-1.524)
 Diabetes mellitus 40 (9.2) 38 (5.7) 0.026 1.680 (1.059-2.665)
 Dyslipidemia 120 (27.5) 177 (26.4) 0.685 1.058 (0.806-1.388)
 Heart disease 28 (6.4) 28(4.2) 0.096 1.574 (0.919-2.696)
Stroke history 44 (10.1) 52 (7.8) 0.179 1.334 (0.876-2.032)
Smoking 124 (28.4) 188 (28.1) 0.891 1.019 (0.780-1.332)
Alcohol consumption 125 (28.7) 172 (25.7) 0.272 1.164 (0.888-1.525)
HBV infection 302/436 (69.3) 451/629 (71.7) 0.391 0.889 (0.681-1.162)
Antithrombotic medication
 Antiplatelet drugs 12 (2.8) 5 (0.7) 0.008 3.764 (1.317-10.760)
 Anticoagulants 0 (0) 7 (1.0) 0.047 NA
ICH volume, ml 15.5 (7.6-33.5) 28.3 (10.1-49.8) <0.001 NA
Location of bleed    <0.001 NA
 Deep location 287 (65.8) 319 (47.6)  
 Lobar location 95 (21.8) 213 (31.8)  
 Infratentorial location 54 (12.4) 138 (20.6)  
IVH 124 (28.4) 231 (34.5) 0.036 0.755 (0.581-0.982)
Time from ICH onset to baseline scan, h 6.5 (4.0-12.5) 9.5 (5.0-25.0) <0.001 NA
Laboratory findings     NA
 Platelet count, × 109/L 158 (121-201) 164 (123-213) 0.141  
 International normalized ratio 1.0 (0.9-1.0) 1.0 (0.9-1.1) 0.002  
 Prothrombin time, sec 11.4 (10.9-12.0) 11.6 (11.0-12.3) 0.019  
 APTT, sec 26.5 (24.3-29.3) 26.6 (24.0-29.4) 0.871  
 Aspartate transaminase, IU/L 24 (20-31) 24 (19-31) 0.391  
 Alanine transaminase, IU/L 21 (15-30) 20 (14-29) 0.511  
 Albumin, g/dL 43.4 (41.2-45.8) 43.0 (40.2-45.6) 0.026  
  1. Values are n (%), mean (SD) or median (interquartile range)
  2. Abbreviations: GCS Glasgow Coma Scale, NIHSS National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale, BP blood pressure, HBV hepatitis B virus, CT computed tomography, ICH intracerebral hemorrhage, IVH intraventricular hemorrhage, APTT activated partial thromboplastin time