Skip to main content

Table 1 Demographic characteristics, social support, PD clinical characteristics, and referral status of the Italian APD and non-APD patients according to physician judgment

From: Criteria for identification of advanced Parkinson’s disease: the results of the Italian subgroup of OBSERVE-PD observational study

Demographic characteristics and social support APD
(N = 60)
Non APD
(N = 80)
Age, mean ± SD (Range) 67.2 ± 9.5 (37–88) 63.0 ± 11.1 (42–90)
Male; N (%) 35 (58.3%) 48 (60%)
Female; N (%) 25 (41.7%) 32 (40%)
Living at home; N (%) 60 (100%) 80 (100%)
Retired from work; N (%) 44 (73.3%) 34 (42.5%)
Required caregiver support; N (%) 45 (75%) 11 (13.8%)
Caregiver Type; N (%) N = 45 N = 11
-Partner/Spouse
-Family member/friends
-Professional assistance
27 (60%)
17 (37.8%)
11 (24.4%)
7 (63.6%)
4 (36.4%)
1 (9.1%)
PD characteristics
-Time since PD diagnosis (years); mean ± SD; (Range)
-Presence of motor fluctuations; N (%)
-Duration of motor fluctuations (years); mean ± SD; (Range)
13.2 ± 6.1 (3–33.2)
56 (93.3%)
6.2 ± 4.7 (1–20) N = 55
4.4 ± 3.6 (0.3)
9 (11.3%)
1.1 ± 0.6 (0.2–2) N = 9
Severity of Cognitive dysfunction; N (%)
 Mild
 Moderate
 Severe Dementia
25 (75.8%)
7 (21.2%)
1 (3%)
13 (81.3%)
3 (18.8%)
0
Referral to MD Center; N (%) 49 (82%) 53 (66%)
Referring Clinician; N (%) N = 49 N = 53
-General Practitioner
-Neurologist
-Geriatrician
-Other
19 (39%)
21 (43%)
1 (2%)
8 (16%)
19 (36%)
18 (34%)
2 (4%)
14 (26%)
Reason for referral (Possible multiple answer); N (%) N = 49 N = 53
-PD progression
-To allow access to DAT
-Uncontrolled symptoms
-For diagnostic purposes
-Other
19 (39%)
16 (33%)
0
13 (27%)
3 (6%)
7 (13%)
0
4 (8%)
37 (70%)
5 (9%)
Time since referral (years); mean ± SD
(Range)
6.0 ± 5.1
(0–24.9)
3.3 ± 3.7
(0.1–15.4)
  1. APD Advanced Parkinson’s Disease, DAT Device-Aided Therapies, MD Movement Disorder