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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of persons with epilepsy from four different studies

From: Characteristics of people with epilepsy in three Eastern African countries – a pooled analysis

  Tanzania
(Dar es Salaam)
Tanzania
(Haydom)
Malawi Uganda Overall Overall (with CT available)
  Urban Rural Rural Rural   
  Hospital-based Hospital-based Community-based Community-based   
n 302 212 365 300 1179 941
Epilepsy prevalence (95%CI)    1.1% (1.0–1.3%) 3.3% (3.1–3.4%)   
Sex female 160 (53.0) 104 (49.1) 189 (51.8) 128 (42.7) 581 (49.3) 460 (48.9)
male 142 (47.0) 108 (50.9) 176 (48.2) 172 (57.3) 598 (50.7) 481 (51.1)
Age group children (< 15 years) 58 (19.2) 42 (19.8) 103 (29.3) 57 (19.0) 260 (22.3) 203 (21.6)
adolescents (15–29 years) 148 (49.0) 113 (53.3) 141 (40.2) 154 (51.3) 556 (47.7) 462 (49.1)
adults (30–49 years) 73 (24.2) 38 (17.9) 77 (21.9) 61 (20.3) 249 (20.6) 194 (20.6)
elderly (≥ 50 years) 23 (7.6) 19 (9.0) 30 (8.5) 28 (9.3) 100 (8.6) 82 (8.7)
Age in years median (IQR) 23 [16–32] 22 [15–30] 21 [13–32] 21 [15–32] 22 [15–32] 22 [15–32]
Marital status single 232 (76.8) 126 (59.4) 232 (63.6) 58 (19.3) 648 (54.9) 226 (24)
married/cohabiting 54 (17.9) 81 (38.2) 92 (25.2) 55 (18.3) 282 (23.9) 51 (5.4)
seperated/divorced/widowed 14 (4.6) 5 (2.4) 38 (10.4) 24 (8) 82 (6.9) 497 (52.8)
unknown 2 (0.7) 0 (0) 3 (0.8) 163 (54.3) 168 (14.2) 167 (17.7)
Religion Christian 151 (50) 189 (89.2) 215 (58.9) 284 (94.7) 839 (71.2) 707 (75.1)
Muslim 148 (49) 3 (1.4) 147 (40.3) 6 (2.0) 304 (25.8) 199 (21.1)
other 0 (0.0) 6 (2.8) 3 (0.8) 10 (3.3) 19 (1.6) 18 (1.9)
unknown 3 (1.0) 14 (6.6) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 17 (1.4) 17 (1.8)
Occupation farmer 0 (0) 196 (92.5) 179 (49.0) 91 (30.3) 466 (39.5) 334 (35.5)
professional 59 (19.5) 0 (0) 7 (1.9) 3 (1) 69 (5.9) 66 (7.0)
student 93 (30.8) 0 (0) 103 (28.2) 0 (0) 196 (16.6) 149 (15.8)
trader/business 3 (1) 5 (2.4) 15 (4.1) 9 (3) 32 (2.7) 20 (2.1)
other 15 (5) 8 (3.8) 27 (7.4) 197 (65.7) 247 (20.9) 226 (24.0)
none 123 (40.7) 3 (1.4) 14 (3.8) 0 (0) 140 (11.9) 134 (14.2)
unknown 9 (3) 0 (0) 20 (5.5) 0 (0) 29 (2.5) 12 (1.3)
Pork consumption 155 (51.7) 162 (77.5) 103 (29) 213 (71.2) 637 (54.0) 568 (61.1)
Family pork consumption 184 (61.3) 87 (41.0) NA NA 271 (52.9) 271 (52.9)
Free roaming pigs living close by 23 (7.7) NA 58 (16) 86 (28.8) 167 (14.2) 134 (18.6)
Latrine use 221 (90.6) 203 (97.1) NA 220 (73.6) 644 (85.6) 644 (85.6)