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Table 1 Clinical characteristics of the participants

From: Clinical factors associated with cerebral autoregulation in ischemic stroke related to small artery occlusion

Characteristics Total (n = 63)
Vascular risk factors
 Age (years) 57.0 (48.0, 64.0)
 Sex (male), % 55 (87.3)
 Hypertension, % 45 (71.4)
 Diabetes mellitus, % 14 (22.2)
 Current smoking, % 31 (49.2)
 BMI 24.2 (22.2, 26.0)
 Total cholesterol (mmol/L) 1.4 (1.1, 1.8)
 Triglycerides (mmol/L) 3.9 (3.1, 4.8)
 Homocysteine (μmol/L) 12.1 (9.7, 14.5)
 MAP on admission (mmHg) 106.3 (101.0, 119.0)
 MAP > 105 mmHg on admission, % 35 (55.6)
Brain MRI Markers
 Lacunae, % 37 (58.7)
 Microbleeds, % 20 (31.7)
 Perivascular space, % 13 (20.6)
 White matter hyperintensities, % 13 (20.6)
 Total CSVD burden score (0/1/2/3/4), % 14/30/7/9/3 (22.2/47.6/11.1/14.3/4.8)
CA parameters
 Ipsilateral gain, (%/%) 0.6 (0.4, 0.8)
 Contralateral gain, (%/%) 0.5 (0.4, 0.7)
 Ipsilateral phase, degree 25.8 (13.5, 34.6)
 Contralateral phase, degree 25.7 (15.9, 34.7)
  1. Data are presented as median (lower quartile; upper quartile) or absolute number (percentage)
  2. BMI Body mass index, MAP Mean arterial pressure, CSVD Cerebral small vessel disease, CA Cerebral autoregulation