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Cerebrovascular disease and stroke

Section edited by Erwin Stolz and Szatmari Szabolcs

This section is dedicated to covering all aspects of stroke and cerebrovascular diseases. Topics of interest include, but are not limited to, ischemic stroke, spontaneous intracranial bleeding, sinus thrombosis, carotid or vertebral artery disease, cerebrovascular physiology, and neuroimaging related to cerebrovascular diseases.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    Exercise has failed to reduce falls in those with chronic stroke. A limitation of traditional exercise is that the motor responses needed to prevent a fall are not elicited (i.e. they lack processing specificity)...

    Authors: Jamie Pigman, Darcy S. Reisman, Ryan T. Pohlig, Tamara R. Wright and Jeremy R. Crenshaw

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2019 19:102

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  2. Content type: Research article

    A revised classification of cerebellar infarctions (CI) may uncover unrecognized associations with etiologic stroke subtypes. We hypothesized that obliquely oriented small cortical cerebellar infarction (SCCI)...

    Authors: Adrien Ter Schiphorst, Lavinia Tatu, Vincent Thijs, Christophe Demattei, Eric Thouvenot and Dimitri Renard

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2019 19:100

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  3. Content type: Case report

    Cerebral amyloid angiopathy-related inflammation (CAA-ri) is a rare clinical entity, characterized by headaches, seizures, rapidly progressive cognitive decline, behavioral changes and magnetic resonance imagi...

    Authors: Yanjiao Du, Chao Liu, Congmin Ma, Xiaohui Xu, Xufeng Zhou, Haitao Zhou and Chao Huang

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2019 19:97

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  4. Content type: Study protocol

    Post-stroke lower limb spasticity (PSLLS) has a prevalence of 28–37%. PSLLS can cause difficulty in walking and reduce quality of life (QOL). Post stroke spasticity impairs the ability to intervene to improve ...

    Authors: Anupam Datta Gupta, Renuka Visvanathan, Ian Cameron, Simon A. Koblar, Stuart Howell and David Wilson

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2019 19:96

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  5. Content type: Case report

    Mitochondrial encephalomyopathy, lactic acidosis and stroke-like episodes (MELAS) is a mitochondrial cytopathy caused by mutations in mitochondrial DNA. Clinical manifestation is typically before the age of 40.

    Authors: Tim Sinnecker, Michaela Andelova, Michael Mayr, Stephan Rüegg, Michael Sinnreich, Juergen Hench, Stephan Frank, André Schaller, Christoph Stippich, Jens Wuerfel and Leo H. Bonati

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2019 19:91

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  6. Content type: Research article

    In clinical practice, a large number of post-stroke survivors require nasogastric tube (NGT) placement and nasal feeding for a relatively long period. However, its impact on the swallowing function remains lar...

    Authors: Zhi-Yong Wang, Jian-Min Chen and Guo-Xin Ni

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2019 19:83

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Warfarin is evidence-based therapy for the prevention of cardioembolic stroke, but has not been studied for its effects on whole blood viscosity (WBV). This study investigated the effect of warfarin versus asp...

    Authors: Chan-Hyuk Lee, Keun-Hwa Jung, Daniel J. Cho and Seul-Ki Jeong

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2019 19:82

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Cerebellar hemorrhage is a potentially life-threatening condition and neurologic deterioration during hospitalization could lead to severe disability and poor outcome. Finds out the factors influencing neurolo...

    Authors: Yu-Ni Ho, Shih-Yuan Hsu, Yu-Tsai Lin, Fu-Chang Cheng, Yu-Jun Lin, Nai-Wen Tsai, Cheng-Hsien Lu and Hung-Chen Wang

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2019 19:81

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  9. Content type: Study protocol

    Complex brain arteriovenous malformations (bAVMs) in ≥3 Spetzler-Martin grades have long been challenges among cerebrovascular diseases. None of the traditional methods, such as microsurgical operation, endova...

    Authors: Mingze Wang, Yuming Jiao, Yong Cao, Shuo Wang and Jizong Zhao

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2019 19:75

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  10. Content type: Case report

    Spontaneous isolated posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA) dissection has been reported more frequently since high-resolution vessel wall magnetic resonance imaging (HR vw-MRI) was introduced to the fiel...

    Authors: Yong Soo Cho, Pahn Kyu Choi, Hyun Ju Seon, Dong Hun Kim, Byoung-Soo Shin and Hyun Goo Kang

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2019 19:74

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Intermittent theta burst stimulation (iTBS) is a form of repetitive transcranial stimulation that has been used to enhance upper limb (UL) motor recovery. However, only limited studies have examined its effica...

    Authors: Yu-Jen Chen, Ying-Zu Huang, Chung-Yao Chen, Chia-Ling Chen, Hsieh-Ching Chen, Ching-Yi Wu, Keh-Chung Lin and Tzu-ling Chang

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2019 19:69

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Stroke is a serious cardiovascular disease and is also the leading cause of long-term disability in developing and developed countries. Because matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) is associated with the risk of ma...

    Authors: Ning Gao, Tie Guo, Han Luo, Guolong Tu, Fanglin Niu, Mengdan Yan and Ying Xia

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2019 19:67

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Embolectomy is the standard of care in acute ischemic stroke (AIS) caused by large vessel occlusion (LVO). Aim of this study was to compare two techniques: A Direct Aspiration First Pass Technique (ADAPT) and ...

    Authors: Alex Brehm, Volker Maus, Ioannis Tsogkas, Ruben Colla, Amélie Carolina Hesse, Roland Gerard Gera and Marios-Nikos Psychogios

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2019 19:65

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  14. Content type: Research article

    The effect of the blood urea nitrogen (BUN) to creatinine (Cr) ratio (henceforth BUN/Cr) on haemorrhagic transformation (HT) of acute ischaemic stroke (AIS) patients is unclear.

    Authors: Linghui Deng, Shi Qiu, Changyi Wang, Haiyang Bian, Lu Wang, Yuxiao Li, Bo Wu and Ming Liu

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2019 19:63

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Serum triiodothyronine (T3) concentration was reported to be associated with the prognosis after acute ischemic stroke. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of age on the prognostic value of thyroi...

    Authors: Lei-Qing Li, Xiao-Yan Xu, Wen-Yu Li, Xing-Yue Hu and Wen Lv

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2019 19:54

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  16. Content type: Case report

    Carotid rete mirabile (RM) is a meshwork of multiple, freely intercommunicating arterioles that reconstitute the absent or hypoplastic segments of the internal carotid artery (ICA). Carotid RM has been reporte...

    Authors: Hao Chen, Kun Hou, Xin Wang, Kan Xu and Jinlu Yu

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2019 19:51

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  17. Content type: Research article

    The genetic risk factors for carotid stenosis are not fully understood. The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between variants in platelet activation-relevant genes and carotid stenosis in p...

    Authors: Xingyang Yi, Jing Lin, Qiang Zhou, Ruyue Huang and Zhenxiao Chai

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2019 19:44

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  18. Content type: Case report

    Dural arteriovenous fistula (DAVF) is an uncommon subtype among the intracranial arteriovenous malformations, which is characterized by pathological anastomoses between meningeal arteries and dural venous sinu...

    Authors: Guichen Li, Yang Zhang, Jinchuan Zhao, Xiaobo Zhu, Jinlu Yu and Kun Hou

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2019 19:43

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  19. Content type: Research article

    The efficacy of early supported discharge (ESD) has not been tested in current stroke care setting, which provide relatively short hospital stays, access to hyper-acute therapies and early carotid stenosis int...

    Authors: Anna Bråndal, Marie Eriksson, Eva-Lotta Glader and Per Wester

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2019 19:40

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  20. Content type: Study protocol

    After discharge from hospital following a stroke, prescriptions of community-based rehabilitation are often downgraded to “maintenance” rehabilitation or discontinued. This classic therapeutic behavior stems f...

    Authors: Jean-Michel Gracies, Maud Pradines, Mouna Ghédira, Catherine-Marie Loche, Valentina Mardale, Catherine Hennegrave, Caroline Gault-Colas, Etienne Audureau, Emilie Hutin, Marjolaine Baude and Nicolas Bayle

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2019 19:39

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  21. Content type: Case report

    Moyamoya vasculopathy (MMV) associated with Graves’ disease (GD) is a rare condition resulting in ischemic stroke accompanied by thyrotoxicity. Radiological findings of vasculitis have been reported in the wal...

    Authors: Hiroto Ito, Syunsuke Yokoi, Kinya Yokoyama, Takumi Asai, Kenji Uda, Yoshio Araki, Syuntaro Takasu, Rei Kobayashi, Hisashi Okada and Satoshi Okuda

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2019 19:34

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Ischemic stroke is a leading cause of mortality and morbidity worldwide. Stenosis or blockage of an artery from atherosclerosis can cause insufficient cerebral blood supply, which leads to ischemic stroke. It ...

    Authors: Yan Jiang, Xiaomin Liu, Yifeng Du and Shengnian Zhou

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2019 19:31

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  23. Content type: Case report

    Mixed cerebrovascular disease is a diagnostic entity that presents with hemorrhagic and ischemic stroke clinically and/or subclinically. Here, we report a patient with mixed vascular risk factors, who presente...

    Authors: Dian He, YunLi Yu, Shan Wu, ShuFen Tian, Hui Yu, Shu Xu and Lan Chu

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2019 19:26

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Atrial fibrillation (AF) is present in 15–20% of patients with acute ischemic stroke. Oral anticoagulation reduces the risk of AF-related recurrent stroke but clinical guideline recommendations are rather vagu...

    Authors: Alexander Wutzler, Christos Krogias, Anna Grau, Roland Veltkamp, Peter U. Heuschmann and Karl Georg Haeusler

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2019 19:25

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  25. Content type: Study protocol

    Malnutrition is one of the crucial factors associated with poor prognosis in critical ill patients, yet a significant evidence gap surrounds the management of initial enteral feeding in severe stroke. The Opti...

    Authors: Fang Yuan, Fang Yang, Wei Zhang, Yi Jia, Yaling Ma, Yongcai Qu, Xinglai Wang, Kang Huo, Chengkai Wang, Xiangjun Yuan, Chaohui Song, Bei Zhang and Wen Jiang

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2019 19:24

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) play an important role in ischemic stroke. However, there are few studies on the relationship between EPC and nondisabling ischemic cerebrovascular events. Our aim was to in...

    Authors: Wang Zhao, Libo Zhao, Juan Liao, Yong Luo and Lanying He

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2019 19:22

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  27. Content type: Research article

    The burden of hospital readmission after stroke is substantial, but little knowledge exists on factors associated with long-term readmission after stroke. In a cohort comprising patients with ischemic stroke a...

    Authors: Anna Therese Bjerkreim, Halvor Naess, Andrej Netland Khanevski, Lars Thomassen, Ulrike Waje-Andreassen and Nicola Logallo

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2019 19:15

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  28. Content type: Case report

    The signs and symptoms of acute alcohol intoxication resemble those of vertebrobasilar stroke. Due to their shared symptoms including double vision, nystagmus, dysarthria, and ataxia, the differential diagnosi...

    Authors: Tamas Arokszallasi, Eszter Balogh, Laszlo Csiba, Istvan Fekete, Klara Fekete and Laszlo Olah

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2019 19:14

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Futile reperfusion (poor functional status despite successful reperfusion) was observed in up to 67% of patients enrolled in recent endovascular treatment (EVT) clinical trials. We investigated the impact of b...

    Authors: Sang-Hwa Lee, Beom Joon Kim, Moon-Ku Han, Tai Hwan Park, Kyung Bok Lee, Byung-Chul Lee, Kyung-Ho Yu, Mi Sun Oh, Jae Kwan Cha, Dae-Hyun Kim, Hyun-Wook Nah, Jun Lee, Soo Joo Lee, Jae Guk Kim, Jong-Moo Park, Kyusik Kang…

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2019 19:11

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Single acute infarction (SAI) usually had lower risk of stroke recurrence than multiple acute infarctions (MAIs) in minor stroke. To evaluate whether all SAI had lower risk of stroke recurrence than MAIs in mi...

    Authors: Guangyao Wang, Jing Jing, Yuesong Pan, Xia Meng, Xingquan Zhao, Liping Liu, Hao Li, David Wang, Yongjun Wang and Yilong Wang

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2019 19:7

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Transient ischemic attack (TIA) is a risk factor of stroke. Modern treatment regimens and changing risk factors in the population justify new estimates of stroke risk after TIA, and evaluation of the recommend...

    Authors: Fredrik Ildstad, Hanne Ellekjær, Torgeir Wethal, Stian Lydersen, Janne Kutschera Sund, Hild Fjærtoft, Stephan Schüler, Jens Wilhelm Horn, Geir Bråthen, Ann-Grete Midtsæther, Åse Hagen Morsund, Marja-Liisa Lillebø, Yngve Müller Seljeseth and Bent Indredavik

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2019 19:2

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Unplanned readmission within 31 days of discharge after stroke is a useful indicator for monitoring quality of hospital care. We evaluated the risk factors associated with 31-day unplanned readmission of strok...

    Authors: Tiancai Wen, Baoyan Liu, Xia Wan, Xiaoping Zhang, Jin Zhang, Xuezhong Zhou, Alexander Y. L. Lau and Yanning Zhang

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2018 18:218

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  33. Content type: Research article

    In acute ischemic stroke patients, telestroke technology provides sustainable approaches to improve the use of thrombolysis therapy. How this is achieved as it relates to inclusion or exclusion of clinical ris...

    Authors: Leanne Brecthel, Jordan Gainey, Alexandria Penwell and Thomas I. Nathaniel

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2018 18:215

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  34. Content type: Case report

    Cortical ischemic lesions represent the predominant pathomorphological pattern of focal lesions after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH). Autopsy studies suggest that they occur adjacent to subarachnoid...

    Authors: Christian Schinke, Viktor Horst, Ludwig Schlemm, Matthias Wawra, Michael Scheel, Jed A. Hartings and Jens P. Dreier

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2018 18:210

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Two-dimensional high-resolution MRI (2D HRMRI) faces many technical challenges for fully assessing morphologic characteristics of inherent tortuous basilar arteries. Our aim was to investigate remodeling mecha...

    Authors: Runcai Guo, Xuebin Zhang, Xianjin Zhu, Zunjing Liu and Sheng Xie

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2018 18:206

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers reflect ongoing processes in the brain. Growth-associated protein 43 (GAP-43) is highly upregulated in brain tissue shortly after experimental ischemia suggesting the CSF G...

    Authors: Åsa Sandelius, Nicholas C. Cullen, Åsa Källén, Lars Rosengren, Crister Jensen, Vesna Kostanjevecki, Manu Vandijck, Henrik Zetterberg and Kaj Blennow

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2018 18:202

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Elevated plasma homocysteine (Hcy) is an independent risk factor for ischemic stroke. This study aimed to evaluate the association between Hcy levels and intracranial plaque characteristics and to investigate ...

    Authors: Shan shan Lu, Jun Xie, Chun qiu Su, Song Ge, Hai bin Shi and Xun ning Hong

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2018 18:200

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  38. Content type: Case report

    The majority of ruptured intracranial aneurysms are combined with subarachnoid hemorrhage, but patients with only intracerebral hematoma without any subarachnoid hemorrhage are extremely rare.

    Authors: Guangyong Chen, Meiling Xu, Long Ma, Yufei Gao, Chengyan He and Jinnan Zhang

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2018 18:197

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Warfarin therapies not only are used to prevent stroke in patients with high risk of cardioembolism such as patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and rheumatic heart disease (RHD), but also was associated wit...

    Authors: Jiaying Zhu, Mengmeng Ma, Yijia Guo, Muke Zhou, Jian Guo and Li He

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2018 18:194

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  40. Content type: Study protocol

    Early and late onset post-stroke cognitive impairment (PCI) contributes substantially to disability following stroke, and is a high priority within stroke research. The aetiology for PCI is complex and related...

    Authors: Pernille Thingstad, Torunn Askim, Mona K. Beyer, Geir Bråthen, Hanne Ellekjær, Hege Ihle-Hansen, Anne Brita Knapskog, Stian Lydersen, Ragnhild Munthe-Kaas, Halvor Næss, Sarah T. Pendlebury, Yngve Muller Seljeseth and Ingvild Saltvedt

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2018 18:193

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  41. Content type: Research article

    There is limited data on the effects of medication-related adverse events occurring during inpatient stays for stroke. The objectives of our study were to characterize reasons for acute readmission after acute...

    Authors: James A. G. Crispo, Dylan P. Thibault, Yannick Fortin, Daniel Krewski and Allison W. Willis

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2018 18:192

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  42. Content type: Study protocol

    Patients with ischaemic stroke or transient ischaemic attack (TIA) are at high risk of future cardiovascular events. Despite compelling evidence about the efficacy of secondary prevention, a substantial gap ex...

    Authors: Thomas Toell, Christian Boehme, Lukas Mayer, Stefan Krebs, Clemens Lang, Karin Willeit, Barbara Prantl, Michael Knoflach, Gerhard Rumpold, Gudrun Schoenherr, Andrea Griesmacher, Peter Willeit, Julia Ferrari, Wilfried Lang, Stefan Kiechl and Johann Willeit

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2018 18:187

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Physical activity (PA) is associated with lower risk of stroke. We tested the hypothesis that lack of pre-stroke PA is an independent predictor of poor outcome after first-ever ischemic stroke.

    Authors: Christian Urbanek, Viola Gokel, Anton Safer, Heiko Becher, Armin J. Grau, Florian Buggle and Frederick Palm

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2018 18:181

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  44. Content type: Research article

    About 30% of stroke patients suffer from aphasia. As aphasia strongly affects daily life, most patients request a prediction of outcome of their language function. Prognostic models provide predictions of outc...

    Authors: Femke Nouwens, Evy G. Visch-Brink, Hanane El Hachioui, Hester F. Lingsma, Mieke W. M. E. van de Sandt-Koenderman, Diederik W. J. Dippel, Peter J. Koudstaal and Lonneke M. L. de Lau

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2018 18:170

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Recent studies have shown conflicting results regarding the effect of hydrogel coils for treating intracranial aneurysm compared to bare platinum coils. We implemented a meta-analysis to assess the value of hy...

    Authors: Tao Xue, Zhouqing Chen, Weiwei Lin, Jiayi Xu, Xuming Shen and Zhong Wang

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2018 18:167

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