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Cerebrovascular disease and stroke

This section is dedicated to covering all aspects of stroke and cerebrovascular diseases. Topics of interest include, but are not limited to, ischemic stroke, spontaneous intracranial bleeding, sinus thrombosis, carotid or vertebral artery disease, cerebrovascular physiology, and neuroimaging related to cerebrovascular diseases.

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  1. Neuroinflammation plays an important role in the pathogenesis of acute ischemic stroke (AIS) and peripheral leukocyte counts have proved to be independent predictors of stroke severity and outcomes. Clinical s...

    Authors: Gabor Tarkanyi, Zsofia Nozomi Karadi, Zsofia Szabo, Istvan Szegedi, Laszlo Csiba and Laszlo Szapary

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2020 20:440

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Bow Hunter’s Syndrome (BHS) is known as one of cervical diseases which causes vertigo, but the details of its vertigo, especially nystagmus and eye movement, are still incompletely understood. This time, we re...

    Authors: Yasuyuki Nomura, Teruo Toi, Yasuo Ogawa, Takeshi Oshima and Yuichiro Saito

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2020 20:435

    Content type: Case report

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  3. A large-bore aspiration catheter can be employed for recanalization of acute basilar artery occlusion. Here we compare the results of mechanical thrombectomy using a stent retriever (SR) and manual aspiration ...

    Authors: Jin Wook Choi, Miran Han, Jung Hyun Park and Woo Sang Jung

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2020 20:434

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Detecting and treating neuropsychological deficits after aneurysmatic subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) play a key role in regaining independence; however, detecting deficits relevant to social and professional r...

    Authors: Johannes Walter, Martin Grutza, Lidia Vogt, Andreas Unterberg and Klaus Zweckberger

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2020 20:429

    Content type: Research article

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  5. A reliable scoring tool to detect the risk of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) after intravenous thrombolysis for ischemic stroke is warranted. The present study was designed to develop and validate a new nomogr...

    Authors: Yaya Wu, Hui Chen, Xueyun Liu, Xiuying Cai, Yan Kong, Hui Wang, Yun Zhou, Juehua Zhu, Lulu Zhang, Qi Fang and Tan Li

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2020 20:426

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Globally, rates of ischemic stroke (IS) have been rising among young adults. This study was designed to identify risk factors associated with IS incidence in young adults unaffected by hypertension or diabetes.

    Authors: Nan Zhang, Lin Zhang, Qiu Wang, Jingwei Zhao, Jia Liu and Guang Wang

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2020 20:424

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Transient ischemic attack (TIA) is a brief episode of cerebral ischemia. However, if a symptom is not presented as drop attack or hemiplegia, and alarming to the patient and the physician, how short of a sympt...

    Authors: Xianyue Liu, Ke Han, Mingyi Hu, Huanquan Liao and Qinghua Hou

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2020 20:423

    Content type: Case report

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Neurology 2020 20:449

  8. Our objective was to find which additional factors can influence the favorable result in stroke patients after receiving fibrinolytic and/or endovascular treatment, quantified as a more than 30% improvement of...

    Authors: Raluca Tudor, Gheorghe Iovanescu, Daniela Reisz, Amalia Cornea, Cristina Potre-Oncu, Adrian Tutelca and Mihaela Simu

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2020 20:417

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Acute ischemic stroke (AIS) is one of the leading causes of mortality and long-term disability worldwide. Our study aims to clarify the role of low-density lipoproteins (LDL) subclasses in the occurrence of AI...

    Authors: Ruisheng Duan, Wenjun Xue, Kunpeng Wang, Nan Yin, Hongyu Hao, Hongshan Chu, Lijun Wang, Peng Meng and Le Diao

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2020 20:414

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Incomplete aneurysmal occlusion is a common feature of immediate posttreatment angiography. The safety and outcomes of acutely ruptured intracranial aneurysms (RIAs) with incomplete occlusion after stent-assis...

    Authors: Jianhe Yue, Yuan Xie, Xiaolin Zhang, Yongxiang Jiang, Weifu Chen, Ying Ma and Yuan Cheng

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2020 20:412

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) is fundamentally treatable with about a 2–31% recurrence rate. Recently, there has been renewed interest in the association between Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN) and intracranial l...

    Authors: Ning Wang, Jiangnan Hu, Anthony Oppong-Gyebi, Xuanhao Zhu, Yihao Li, Jianjing Yang, Linhui Ruan, Qichuan Zhuge and Sheng Ye

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2020 20:411

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Postural balance is an important rehabilitation outcome, and screening stroke patients for confidence in postural balance during rehabilitation and before hospital discharge is recommended. Early supported dis...

    Authors: Lena Rafsten, Anna Danielsson and Katharina S. Sunnerhagen

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2020 20:410

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Wallerian degeneration (WD) can occur in different projecting systems, such as corticospinal tract, dentate-rubro-olivary pathway, and corticopontocerebellar tract. However, the co-occurrence of hypertrophic o...

    Authors: Bing Bao, Xiangbin Wu, Zhongbin Xia and Yaoyao Shen

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2020 20:409

    Content type: Case report

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  14. Essential thrombocythemia (ET) is a myeloproliferative neoplasm characterized by elevated and dysfunctional platelets. ET can result in systemic thrombotic and hemorrhagic complications, and it’s a rare cause ...

    Authors: Jian Xie, Leiyu Geng, Baoyu Yuan, Yijing Guo and Zhijun Zhang

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2020 20:407

    Content type: Case report

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  15. Oral and pharyngeal swallowing dysfunction are common complications in acute stroke patients. This primary aim of this study was to determine whether oral neuromuscular training improves swallowing function in...

    Authors: Patricia Hägglund, Mary Hägg, Eva Levring Jäghagen, Bengt Larsson and Per Wester

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2020 20:405

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Despite rapid developments in devices used to treat arteriovenous malformation (AVM), a randomised trial of Unruptured Brain Arteriovenous malformations published in 2014 recommended conservative treatment for...

    Authors: Katsuya Komatsu, Yasushi Takagi, Akira Ishii, Takayuki Kikuchi, Yukihiro Yamao, Kazumichi Yoshida and Susumu Miyamoto

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2020 20:404

    Content type: Research article

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  17. There are limited neuroprotective treatment options for patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Cerebrolysin, a brain-specific proposed pleiotropic neuroprotective agent, has been suggested to ...

    Authors: Peter Y. M. Woo, Joanna W. K. Ho, Natalie M. W. Ko, Ronald P. T. Li, Leo Jian, Alberto C. H. Chu, Marco C. L. Kwan, Yung Chan, Alain K. S. Wong, Hoi-Tung Wong, Kwong-Yau Chan and John C. K. Kwok

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2020 20:401

    Content type: Research article

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  18. The research on the effect of anesthesia on endovascular therapy (EVT) of acute ischemic stroke is mainly focused on the anterior circulation, and little is known about the data of basilar artery occlusion (BA...

    Authors: Haibin Du, Xu Tong, Xuan Sun, Zhiyong Shi, Bin Liu, Feng Gao, Zhongrong Miao and Dong Zhang

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2020 20:398

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Dual antiplatelet aggregation therapy leads to better outcomes in patients with carotid artery stenosis, intracranial artery stenosis, minor strokes, or transient ischaemic attacks. However, carriers of the CYP2C...

    Authors: Hongliang Wu, Huiqun Song, Lianwei Dou, Bo Gao, Yan Pan, Mei Dong, Qi Chen, Jiazhen Li, Lixiang Song, Chuanyu Liu, Bing Li and Wenzheng Chu

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2020 20:395

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Macrosomatognosiais the illusory sensation of a substantially enlarged body part. This disorder of the body schema, also called “Alice in wonderland syndrome” is still poorly understood and requires careful do...

    Authors: Amir H. ElTarhouni, Laura Beer, Michael Mouthon, Britt Erni, Jerome Aellen, Jean-Marie Annoni, Ettore Accolla, Sebastian Dieguez and Joelle N. Chabwine

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2020 20:393

    Content type: Case report

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  21. Self-rated health (SRH) focuses on the patient’s own perception, and represents an important patient-reported outcome. The aim was to investigate SRH one to 5 years after stroke, follow the development over ti...

    Authors: Kerstin Bjälkefur, Salmir Nasic, Eric Bertholds, Katarina Jood and Åsa Rejnö

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2020 20:389

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Globally, there is a growing use of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), including mobile phones, tablets and computers, which are being integrated into people’s daily activities. An ICT-based inter...

    Authors: Susanne Guidetti, Martha Gustavsson, Kerstin Tham, Magnus Andersson, Uno Fors and Charlotte Ytterberg

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2020 20:387

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Training with brain-computer interface (BCI) technology in the rehabilitation of patients after a stroke is rapidly developing. Numerous RCT investigated the effects of BCI training (BCIT) on recovery of motor...

    Authors: Antje Kruse, Zorica Suica, Jan Taeymans and Corina Schuster-Amft

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2020 20:385

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Endovascular treatment is the technique of choice for most intracranial aneurysms. However, the treatment of morphologically complex wide-necked aneurysms with an unfavorable anatomy is still a therapeutic cha...

    Authors: Juan David Molina-Nuevo, Lorena López-Martínez, María José Pedrosa-Jiménez, Enrique Juliá-Molla and Francisco Hernández-Fernández

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2020 20:384

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Numerous studies on acute ischemic stroke (AIS) have been conducted at low-altitude regions, and the related findings have been used to guide clinical management. However, corresponding studies at high altitud...

    Authors: Yuxuan Lu, Cidan Zhuoga, Haiqiang Jin, Feiqi Zhu, Yuhua Zhao, Zhijie Ding, Shihua He, Ailian Du, Jun Xu, Jingjing Luo and Yongan Sun

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2020 20:380

    Content type: Research article

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  26. The prevalence of stroke recurrence, disability, and all-cause mortality of patients with minor ischemic stroke (MIS) remains problematic. The aim of the present study was to identify risk factors associated w...

    Authors: Zhongzhong Liu, Wenjuan Lin, Qingli Lu, Jing Wang, Pei Liu, Xuemei Lin, Fang Wang, Yaling Shi, Qing Wang, Guozheng Liu and Songdi Wu

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2020 20:379

    Content type: Research article

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  27. The high morbidity, mortality, and disability rates of stroke constitute a heavy burden to the society. The level of understanding about stroke warning symptoms and first aid systems among community residents ...

    Authors: Xuemin Zhong, Jian Wang, Lanying He and Ronghua Xu

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2020 20:373

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Acute vertigo is a common presentation of inner ear disease. However, it can also be caused by more serious conditions, especially posterior circulation stroke. Differentiating between these two conditions by ...

    Authors: Naruchorn Kijpaisalratana, Pattaraporn Nimsamer, Ariya Khamwut, Sunchai Payungporn, Trairak Pisitkun, Aurauma Chutinet, Nattawan Utoomprurkporn, Stephen J. Kerr, Pakkawan Vongvasinkul and Nijasri C. Suwanwela

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2020 20:372

    Content type: Research article

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  29. The artery of Percheron is an uncommon anatomic variant which supplies the bilateral paramedian thalami and rostral midbrain. While infarction of its vascular territory can result in a wide range of symptoms, ...

    Authors: Hannah E. Snyder, Sheliza Ali, Joanna Sue, Ayse Unsal, Crystal Fong and Zhihui Deng

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2020 20:370

    Content type: Case report

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  30. Room tilt illusion (RTI) is a rare symptom of higher vestibular dysfunction, consisting of a transient vertical rotation of the visual scene in the sagittal or coronal plane, most often 90o or 180o, without any a...

    Authors: Kathrine Arntzen and Karl B. Alstadhaug

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2020 20:369

    Content type: Case report

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  31. Sturge-Weber syndrome (SWS) is primarily diagnosed in pediatric population, but clinical presentation in late adulthood is rarely reported. Evolution of radiological findings in the adulthood variant of SWS wi...

    Authors: Vetrivel Muralidharan, Gaetano Failla, Mario Travali, Tiziana Liliana Cavallaro and Marco Angelo Politi

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2020 20:366

    Content type: Case report

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  32. Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) treatments have shown promise in improving arm recovery in stroke patients. Currently, little is known about patients’ experiences with repetitive TMS treatment, and thi...

    Authors: Eline CC van Lieshout, Lilliane D Jacobs, Maike Pelsma, Rick M Dijkhuizen and Johanna MA Visser-Meily

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2020 20:365

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Language barriers were reported to affect timely access to health care and outcome. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of language disparity on quality benchmarks of acute ischemic stroke ther...

    Authors: Noriko Anderson, Afra Janarious, Shimeng Liu, Lisa A. Flanagan, Dana Stradling and Wengui Yu

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2020 20:363

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndrome (IHES) is associated with various organ system dysfunctions. Neurologic abnormalities have been previously noted in this syndrome. Cerebral infarction secondary to occlusi...

    Authors: Quan-Fu Li, Qing Zhang, Yue-Fang Huang and Zheng-Xiang Zhang

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2020 20:361

    Content type: Case report

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  35. The novel coronavirus (COVID-19) global pandemic is associated with an increased incidence of acute ischemic stroke (AIS) secondary to large vessel occlusion (LVO). The treatment of these patients poses unique...

    Authors: Ossama Yassin Mansour, Amer M. Malik and Italo Linfante

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2020 20:358

    Content type: Case report

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  36. Moyamoya-like vasculopathy (MMV) and myosin heavy chain 9-related platelet disorders (MYH9-RPDs) or macrothrombocitopenias are rare syndromes. Their association is even more infrequent.

    Authors: Athena Cristina Ribigan, Raluca Stefania Badea, Alida Ciocan, Dana Stefan, Bogdan Casaru, Patricia Ioan, Florina Antochi and Ovidiu Băjenaru

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2020 20:352

    Content type: Case report

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  37. Oculomotor nerve palsy (ONP) is a common symptom of posterior communicating artery aneurysm (PcomAA) that can lead to impaired eye movement and pupil dilation. Currently, surgical clipping and endovascular emb...

    Authors: Li-qiang Tian and Qing-xi Fu

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2020 20:351

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Stroke is a major cause of disability and stroke incidence increases with age. Stroke frequently results in permanent limitations of mobility, and, consequently, the need for the help of others in activities o...

    Authors: R. Rössler, S. A. Bridenbaugh, S. T. Engelter, R. Weibel, D. Infanger, E. Giannouli, A. Sofios, L. Iendra, E. Portegijs, T. Rantanen, L. Streese, H. Hanssen, R. Roth, A. Schmidt-Trucksäss, N. Peters and T. Hinrichs

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2020 20:348

    Content type: Study protocol

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  39. Hashimoto’s disease has reportedly been associated with stroke; however, cerebrovascular morphology and clinical course remain poorly documented. The present study aimed to determine the angiographic features ...

    Authors: Eika Hamano, Masaki Nishimura, Hisae Mori, Tetsu Satow and Jun C. Takahashi

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2020 20:345

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Previous studies have shown that a single Coma-Recovery Scale-Revision (CRS-R) assessment can identify high rates of misdiagnosis by clinical consensus. The aim of this study was to investigate the proportion ...

    Authors: Jing Wang, Xiaohua Hu, Zhouyao Hu, Ziwei Sun, Steven Laureys and Haibo Di

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2020 20:343

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Carotid occlusive disease is a type of progressive disease resulting in ischemic stroke. Extracranial-intracranial bypass surgery represents a valid therapeutic option when medical treatment does not make effe...

    Authors: Yin Li, Yu-yu Wei, Yang Cao, Xiao-yang Lu, Yuan Yao and Lin Wang

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2020 20:335

    Content type: Case report

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  42. Common carotid artery occlusive disease (CCAOD) could form internal carotid artery steal pathways. Based on the diagnostic results of digital subtraction angiography (DSA), head and neck computed tomography an...

    Authors: Dongxu Wang, Zheng Li, Xiaoyang Zheng, Houyi Cong, Tianyu Zhang, Zhenghua Wang, Yuguang Wang and Jun He

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2020 20:334

    Content type: Research article

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  43. It is unknown whether microangiopathic ischemic strokes outside the visual pathway go along with subclinical changes of the retinal structure or the visual system. The objectives of this prospective non-interv...

    Authors: John-Ih Lee, Lena Gemerzki, Margit Weise, Laura Boerker, Jonas Graf, Lea Jansen, Rainer Guthoff, Orhan Aktas, Michael Gliem, Sebastian Jander, Hans-Peter Hartung and Philipp Albrecht

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2020 20:333

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Susceptibility weighted imaging (SWI) provides an approximate assessment of tissue perfusion and shows prominent hypointense cortical veins in the ischemic territory because of the increased concentration of d...

    Authors: Wei Li, Wei-Min Xiao, Gen-Pei Luo, Yong-Lin Liu, Jian-Feng Qu, Xue-Wen Fang, Fang Wang and Yang-Kun Chen

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2020 20:331

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Infections could increase the risk of poor outcome in patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS). The peripheral neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) is an important indicator of inflammation. The purpose of ou...

    Authors: Lanying He, Jian Wang, Feng Wang, Lili Zhang, Lijuan Zhang and Wang Zhao

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2020 20:328

    Content type: Research article

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