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Cerebrovascular disease and stroke

Section edited by Erwin Stolz and Szatmari Szabolcs

This section is dedicated to covering all aspects of stroke and cerebrovascular diseases. Topics of interest include, but are not limited to, ischemic stroke, spontaneous intracranial bleeding, sinus thrombosis, carotid or vertebral artery disease, cerebrovascular physiology, and neuroimaging related to cerebrovascular diseases.

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  1. Content type: Case report

    Following carotid revascularization, an abrupt increase in cerebral blood flow may disrupt the blood-brain barrier, resulting in reperfusion injury. This damage to the blood-brain barrier may be reflected by s...

    Authors: Hyun-Ji Cho, Young Jin Kim, Joon Hwa Lee, Jin Woo Choi, Won-Jin Moon, Hong Gee Roh, Young Il Chun and Hahn Young Kim

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:178

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  2. Content type: Study protocol

    The failures of recent studies intended to prevent cerebral vasospasm have moved the focus of research into delayed cerebral ischemia away from cerebral artery constriction towards other mechanisms. Recent acc...

    Authors: Satoru Takeuchi, Kentaro Mori, Hirohiko Arimoto, Kazuya Fujii, Kimihiro Nagatani, Satoshi Tomura, Naoki Otani, Hideo Osada and Kojiro Wada

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:176

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  3. Content type: Research article

    There is uncertainty surrounding the differences in outcomes after intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH) between men and women. This study aimed to investigate the sex differences in clinical characteristics, severi...

    Authors: Junshan Zhou, Yingdong Zhang, Hisatomi Arima, Yanxia Zhao, Hongdong Zhao, Danni Zheng, Youyong Tian, Yukai Liu, Qing Huang and Jie Yang

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:172

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  4. Content type: Research article

    A key treatment for acute ischaemic stroke is thrombolysis (rtPA). However, treatment is not devoid of side effects and patients are carefully selected. AVERT (A Very Early Rehabilitation Trial), a large, ongo...

    Authors: Linnéa Muhl, Jenny Kulin, Marie Dagonnier, Leonid Churilov, Helen Dewey, Thomas Lindén and Julie Bernhardt

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:163

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  5. Content type: Research article

    There is increasing evidence for the beneficial effects of exercise training in stroke survivors. In order to reach the desired training effects, exercise training principles must be considered as this ensures...

    Authors: Bernadette C Ammann, Ruud H Knols, Pierrette Baschung, Rob A de Bie and Eling D de Bruin

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:167

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Intracranial Atherosclerotic Disease (ICAD) is the most frequent etiology of stroke with high prevalence among Asians. Despite this, early determinants of ICAD have not been described from this region.

    Authors: Ayeesha Kamran Kamal, Farzin Majeed, Omrana Pasha, Hasan Rehman, Muhammad Islam, Iqbal Azam, Muhammad Saleem Ilyas, Munawar Hussain, Kamran Masood, Bilal Ahmed, Sumaira Nazir, Zafar Sajjad and Scott E Kasner

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:155

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  7. Content type: Case report

    Cerebral cavernous malformations are relatively rare vascular disorders that may affect any part of the central nervous system. This presentation has been associated with heterozygous mutations in CCM1/KRIT1, CCM...

    Authors: Silvia Lanfranconi, Dario Ronchi, Naghia Ahmed, Vittorio Civelli, Paola Basilico, Nereo Bresolin, Giacomo Pietro Comi and Stefania Corti

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:158

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  8. Content type: Case report

    Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a heterogeneous group of inherited disorders that occur owing to the abnormalities in type 1 collagen, and is characterized by increased bone fragility and other extraskeletal m...

    Authors: Toshio Hirohata, Satoru Miyawaki, Akiko Mizutani, Takayuki Iwakami, So Yamada, Hajime Nishido, Yasutaka Suzuki, Shinya Miyamoto, Katsumi Hoya, Mineko Murakami and Akira Matsuno

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:150

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Hypertensive putaminal haemorrhage comprises major part of intra-cerebral haemorrhages, with particularly high morbidity and mortality. However, the optimal treatments for these individuals remain controversial.

    Authors: Hao Liu, Yunhui Zen, Jin Li, Xiang Wang, Hao Li, Jianguo Xu and Chao You

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:141

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is mainly caused by ruptured cerebral aneurysms but in up to 15% of patients with SAH no bleeding source could be identified. Our objective was to analyze patient characteristics,...

    Authors: Juergen Konczalla, Johannes Platz, Patrick Schuss, Hartmut Vatter, Volker Seifert and Erdem Güresir

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:140

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Women die of stroke more often than men. After menopause, the incidence of ischemic stroke increases rapidly. Elevated fibrinogen levels and smoking have been associated with an increased risk of stroke. In ge...

    Authors: Mika Martiskainen, Niku Oksala, Tarja Pohjasvaara, Markku Kaste, Anni Oksala, Pekka J Karhunen and Timo Erkinjuntti

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:137

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  12. Content type: Study protocol

    Successful treatment options for cancer result in more young long-term survivors prone for long-term complications. Carotid artery vasculopathy is a potential long-term complication after radiotherapy of the n...

    Authors: Joyce Wilbers, Arnoud C Kappelle, Roy PC Kessels, Stefan CA Steens, Frederick JA Meijer, Johannes H Kaanders, Roy AM Haast, Laura E Versteeg, Anil M Tuladhar, Chris L de Korte, Hendrik HG Hansen, Frank J Hoebers, Willem Boogerd, Erik D van Werkhoven, Marlies E Nowee, Guus Hart…

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:132

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Previous research has suggested that vitamin D and sunlight are related to cardiovascular outcomes, but associations between sunlight and risk factors have not been investigated. We examined whether increased ...

    Authors: Shia T Kent, Mary Cushman, George Howard, Suzanne E Judd, William L Crosson, Mohammad Z Al-Hamdan and Leslie A McClure

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:133

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  14. Content type: Research article

    The modified version of the Postural Assessment Scale for Stroke Patients (SwePASS) is a new ordinal outcome measurement designed to assess postural control in patients with stroke. Before implementation of Sw...

    Authors: Carina U Persson, Katharina S Sunnerhagen and Åsa Lundgren-Nilsson

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:134

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Responsiveness of a measurement tool is its ability to detect change over time. The aim of this study was to determine the responsiveness and floor/ceiling effects of the ten-metre walk test (10mWT), Step Test...

    Authors: Katharine Scrivener, Karl Schurr and Catherine Sherrington

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:129

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Chronic renal insufficiency, diagnosed using creatinine based estimated glomerular filtration rate (GFR) or microalbumiuria, has been associated with the presence of cerebral microbleeds (CMBs). Cystatin C has...

    Authors: Mi-Young Oh, Hyon Lee, Joon Soon Kim, Wi-Sun Ryu, Seung-Hoon Lee, Sang-Bae Ko, Chulho Kim, Chang Hun Kim and Byung-Woo Yoon

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:127

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Small changes of bilirubin and liver enzymes are often detected during the acute phase of stroke, but their origin and significance are still poorly understood.

    Authors: Antonio Muscari, Andrea Collini, Elisa Fabbri, Marco Giovagnoli, Chiara Napoli, Valentina Rossi, Luca Vizioli, Andrea Bonfiglioli, Donatella Magalotti, Giovanni M Puddu and Marco Zoli

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:122

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  18. Content type: Research article

    No study on the characteristics of injury of the corticospinal tract (CST) or corticoreticular pathway (CRP) in patients with putaminal hemorrhage has been reported. In this study, using diffusion tensor tract...

    Authors: Jin Sun Yoo, Byung Yeon Choi, Chul Hoon Chang, Young Jin Jung, Seong Ho Kim and Sung Ho Jang

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:121

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  19. Content type: Study protocol

    Alteplase is the only approved thrombolytic agent for acute ischaemic stroke. The overall benefit from alteplase is substantial, but some evidence indicates that alteplase also has negative effects on the isch...

    Authors: Nicola Logallo, Christopher E Kvistad, Aliona Nacu, Halvor Naess, Ulrike Waje-Andreassen, Jörg Asmuss, Anne Hege Aamodt, Christian Lund, Martin W Kurz, Ole Morten Rønning, Rolf Salvesen, Titto T Idicula and Lars Thomassen

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:106

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  20. Content type: Study protocol

    The treatment of large (10-25 mm) or giant (≥25 mm) cerebral aneurysms remains technically challenging, with a much higher complication and recanalization rate than that is observed for smaller aneurysms. The ...

    Authors: Yu Zhou, Peng-Fei Yang, Yi-Bin Fang, Yi Xu, Bo Hong, Wen-Yuan Zhao, Qiang Li, Rui Zhao, Qing-Hai Huang and Jian-Min Liu

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:97

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  21. Content type: Research article

    A proportion of patients with acute ischemic stroke have elevated cardiac troponin levels and ECG changes suggestive of cardiac injury, but the etiology is unclear. The aims of this study were to assess the fr...

    Authors: Kashif Waqar Faiz, Bente Thommessen, Gunnar Einvik, Pål Haugar Brekke, Torbjørn Omland and Ole Morten Rønning

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:96

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Quality of life (QoL) assessment is important when monitoring over time the recovery of stroke-survivors living at home. This study explores the associations between QoL and socioeconomic factors, functional i...

    Authors: Michèle Baumann, Etienne Le Bihan, Kénora Chau and Nearkasen Chau

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:92

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Rapid eye movement (REM) sleep behavior disorder (RBD) is a sleep disturbance in which patients enact their dreams while in REM sleep. The behavior is typically violent in association with violent dream conten...

    Authors: Wai Kwong Tang, Dirk M Hermann, Yang Kun Chen, Hua Jun Liang, Xiang Xin Liu, Winnie Chui Wing Chu, Anil T Ahuja, Jill Abrigo, Vincent Mok, Gabor S Ungvari and Ka Sing Wong

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:88

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  24. Content type: Study protocol

    Poor-grade aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) is associated with very high mortality and morbidity. Our limited knowledge on predictors of long-term outcome in poor-grade patients with aSAH definitively...

    Authors: Bing Zhao, Xianxi Tan, Hua Yang, Kuang Zheng, Zequn Li, Ye Xiong and Ming Zhong

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:86

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  25. Content type: Research article

    The effects of performing a minimally invasive procedure at different stages after intracerebral hemorrhage on perihematomal MMP-9 expression and blood–brain barrier (BBB) permeability were evaluated.

    Authors: Guofeng Wu, Jing Shi, Fan Wang, Likun Wang, Anrong Feng and Siying Ren

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:85

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Stenosis of the internal carotid artery has been associated with cognitive impairment and decline. However, studies testing the effect of carotid revascularisation on cognition have had conflicting results. Th...

    Authors: Aysun Altinbas, Jeroen Hendrikse, Ale Algra, Martine JE van Zandvoort, Martin M Brown, Leo H Bonati, Gert Jan de Borst, L Jaap Kappelle and H Bart van der Worp

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:84

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Acute non-traumatic focal subarachnoid haemorrhage (fSAH) is a rare transient ischaemic attack (TIA)-mimic. MRI is considered to be indispensable by some authors in order to avoid misdiagnosis, and subsequent ...

    Authors: Lorenz Ertl, Dominik Morhard, Maria Deckert-Schmitz, Jennifer Linn and Gernot Schulte-Altedorneburg

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:80

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  28. Content type: Research article

    The relationship between circulating microRNA-223 and pathogenesis of acute ischemic stroke is unknown. Here we investigated the roles and possible targets of circulating microRNA-223 in human ischemic stroke ...

    Authors: Yang Wang, Yu Zhang, Jun Huang, Xiaoyan Chen, Xiang Gu, Yongting Wang, Lili Zeng and Guo-Yuan Yang

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:77

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  29. Content type: Case report

    Takayasu arteritis (TA) is an idiopathic large-vessel vasculitis that can result in significant morbidity and mortality secondary to progressive stenosis and occlusion. Monitoring disease progression is crucia...

    Authors: Timothy E O’Connor, Haley E Carpenter, Sharatchandra Bidari, Michael F Waters and Vishnumurthy Shushrutha Hedna

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:62

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Women have been reported to show more frequent recanalization and better recovery after intravenous (IV) recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA) treatment for acute stroke compared with men. To invest...

    Authors: Fawaz Al-hussain, Muhammad S Hussain, Carlos Molina, Ken Uchino, Ashfaq Shuaib, Andrew M Demchuk, Andrei V Alexandrov and Maher Saqqur

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:60

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  31. Content type: Study protocol

    The proportion of strokes occurring in younger adults has been rising over the past decade. Due to the far longer life expectancy in the young, stroke in this group has an even larger socio-economic impact. Ho...

    Authors: Renate M Arntz, Mayte E van Alebeek, Nathalie E Synhaeve, Paul J Brouwers, Gert W van Dijk, Rob A Gons, Tom den Heijer, Paul LM de Kort, Karlijn F de Laat, Anouk G van Norden, Sarah E Vermeer, Maureen J van der Vlugt, Roy PC Kessels, Ewoud J van Dijk and Frank-Erik de Leeuw

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:55

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Statins, due to their well-established pleiotropic effects, have noteworthy benefits in stroke prevention. Despite this, a significant proportion of high-risk patients still do not receive the recommended ther...

    Authors: Isabella Canavero, Anna Cavallini, Patrizia Perrone, Mauro Magoni, Lucia Sacchi, Silvana Quaglini, Giordano Lanzola and Giuseppe Micieli

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:53

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Some studies reported that cerebral developmental venous anomaly (DVA) is often concurrent with cavernous malformation (CM). But there is lack of statistical evidence and study of bulk cases. The factors assoc...

    Authors: Guolu Meng, Chuanfeng Bai, Tengfei Yu, Zhen Wu, Xing Liu, Junting Zhang and Jizong zhao

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:50

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Translating knowledge derived from medical research into the clinical setting is dependent on the representativeness of included patients. Therefore we compared baseline data of patients included in a recent l...

    Authors: Christian Tanislav, Ulrike Grittner, Bjoern Misselwitz, Gerhard Jan Jungehuelsing, Christian Enzinger, Bettina von Sarnowski, Jukka Putaala, Manfred Kaps, Peter Kropp, Arndt Rolfs, Turgut Tatlisumak, Franz Fazekas, Edwin Kolodny and Bo Norrving

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:45

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  35. Content type: Case report

    Cognitive disorders, such as memory disturbances, are often observed following a subarachnoid hemorrhage. We present a very rare case where rupture of a posterior cerebral artery aneurysm caused restricted dam...

    Authors: Shinichiro Maeshima, Aiko Osawa, Fumitaka Yamane, Hidetoshi Shimaguchi, Ikuo Ochiai, Tomoyuki Yoshihara, Nahoko Uemiya, Ryuzaburo Kanazawa and Shoichiro Ishihara

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:44

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Acute ischemic stroke (AIS) has a biphasic effect on the peripheral immune system. The initial inflammatory response is followed by systemic immunosuppression, referred to as stroke-induced immunosuppression (...

    Authors: András Folyovich, Enikő Biró, Csaba Orbán, Anna Bajnok, Viktória Varga, Anna K Béres-Molnár, Barna Vásárhelyi and Gergely Toldi

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:41

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  37. Content type: Research article

    The Oxfordshire Community Stroke Project (OCSP) classification is a simple stroke classification system with value in predicting clinical outcomes. We investigated whether and how the addition of OCSP classifi...

    Authors: Sheng-Feng Sung, Solomon Chih-Cheng Chen, Huey-Juan Lin, Chih-Hung Chen, Mei-Chiun Tseng, Chi-Shun Wu, Yung-Chu Hsu, Ling-Chien Hung and Yu-Wei Chen

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:39

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  38. Content type: Study protocol

    Prediction of clinical outcome in the acute stage of ischaemic stroke can be difficult when based on patient characteristics, clinical findings and on non-contrast CT. CT perfusion and CT angiography may provi...

    Authors: Tom van Seeters, Geert Jan Biessels, Irene C van der Schaaf, Jan Willem Dankbaar, Alexander D Horsch, Merel JA Luitse, Joris M Niesten, Willem PTM Mali, L Jaap Kappelle, Yolanda van der Graaf and Birgitta K Velthuis

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:37

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  39. Content type: Study protocol

    Obstructive sleep apnea is a common sleep disorder in stroke patients. Obstructive sleep apnea is associated with stroke severity and poor functional outcome. Continuous positive airway pressure seems to impro...

    Authors: Justine A Aaronson, Coen AM van Bennekom, Winni F Hofman, Tijs van Bezeij, Joost G van den Aardweg, Erny Groet, Wytske A Kylstra and Ben A Schmand

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:36

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  40. Content type: Case report

    Meningioangiomatosis (MA) is a rare hamartomatous lesion. Only six cases of cystic MA have been reported in the literature.

    Authors: Peifeng Li, Guangbin Cui, Yingmei Wang, Ming Geng and Zhe Wang

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:32

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Cerebrovascular complications (CVCs) frequently occur in patients with acute infective endocarditis (IE). The aim of this study is to describe the clinical findings of CVCs and to evaluate the impact of CVCs o...

    Authors: Seung-Jae Lee, Sam-Sae Oh, Dal-Soo Lim, Chan-Young Na and Jae-Hyun Kim

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:30

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  42. Content type: Study protocol

    Spatial neglect is a frequent and debilitating consequence of acquired brain injury and currently has no widely accepted standard of care. While previous interventions for spatial neglect have targeted patient...

    Authors: Thomas Van Vleet, Joseph DeGutis, Sawsan Dabit and Christopher Chiu

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:25

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Subcortical hypodensities of presumed vascular etiology (SHPVO) are a clinical, radiological and neuropathological syndrome with a still largely unexplained pathophysiology. Parallel to the clinical heterogene...

    Authors: João Sargento-Freitas, Ricardo Felix-Morais, Joana Ribeiro, Ana Gouveia, César Nunes, Cristina Duque, João Madaleno, Fernando Silva, Cristina Machado, Gustavo Cordeiro and Luís Cunha

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:24

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Recurrent TIAs are thought to signal a high stroke risk. The aim of this study is to examine if repeated ischemic events increase the risk of recurrent ipsilateral stroke among patients with symptomatic 50-99%...

    Authors: Elias Johansson and Per Wester

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:23

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Perceived disability after stroke may persist long-term even among young individuals with mild stroke and may be related to age-related expectations of health and recovery. Thus, in order to appreciate the mag...

    Authors: Susanne Palmcrantz, Lotta Widén Holmqvist and Disa K Sommerfeld

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:20

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