Child neurology

Section edited by Dimitrios Zafeiriou

This section is dedicated to all aspects of pediatric neurology. Topics of interest include, but are not limited to, pediatric neuroradiology including MRI, fetal MRI, autism, epilepsy and beta thalassemia.

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  1. Research article

    To be active through indoor-climbing: an exploratory feasibility study in a group of children with cerebral palsy and typically developing children

    Cerebral Palsy (CP) is the most common cause of motor disabilities in children and young adults and it is also often associated with cognitive and physiological challenges. Climbing requires a multifaceted rep...

    Mark Schram Christensen, Thor Jensen, Camilla B. Voigt, Jens Bo Nielsen and Jakob Lorentzen

    BMC Neurology 2017 17:112

    Published on: 15 June 2017

  2. Case report

    Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease (histiocytic necrotizing lymphadenitis) with atypical encephalitis and painful testitis: a case report

    Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease is a self-limited clinicopathologic entity that is increasingly recognized worldwide. Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease is characterized by cervical lymphadenopathy occurring in young adults. N...

    Hidenori Kido, Osamu Kano, Asami Hamai, Hiroyuki Masuda, Yutaka Fuchinoue, Masaaki Nemoto, Chiaki Arai, Teppei Takeda, Fumihito Yamabe, Toshihiro Tai, Mizuki Kasahara, Kenichi Suzuki, Nobuyuki Shiraga, Sota Sadamoto, Megumi Wakayama, Yukitoshi Takahashi…

    BMC Neurology 2017 17:22

    Published on: 1 February 2017

  3. Research article

    Efficacy and safety of pharmacological treatments for Lyme neuroborreliosis in children: a systematic review

    Many aspects of pharmacological treatment of Lyme neuroborreliosis in children, such as choice of drug, dosage, and duration are subject to intense debates, leading to uncertainties in patients’ parents and he...

    Rick Dersch, Tilman Hottenrott, Stefanie Schmidt, Harriet Sommer, Hans-Iko Huppertz, Sebastian Rauer and Joerg J. Meerpohl

    BMC Neurology 2016 16:189

    Published on: 29 September 2016

  4. Research article

    Associations between the gut microbiota and host immune markers in pediatric multiple sclerosis and controls

    As little is known of association(s) between gut microbiota profiles and host immunological markers, we explored these in children with and without multiple sclerosis (MS).

    Helen Tremlett, Douglas W. Fadrosh, Ali A. Faruqi, Janace Hart, Shelly Roalstad, Jennifer Graves, Collin M. Spencer, Susan V. Lynch, Scott S. Zamvil and Emmanuelle Waubant

    BMC Neurology 2016 16:182

    Published on: 21 September 2016

  5. Research article

    Prevalence of stroke in children admitted with sickle cell anaemia to Mulago Hospital

    Stroke is a major complication of sickle cell anaemia (SCA). It occurs commonly in childhood with about 10 % of children with sickle cell anaemia getting affected by this complication. In Uganda, there is pauc...

    Deogratias Munube, Elly Katabira, Grace Ndeezi, Moses Joloba, Samden Lhatoo, Martha Sajatovic and James K. Tumwine

    BMC Neurology 2016 16:175

    Published on: 17 September 2016

  6. Case report

    De novo p.Arg756Cys mutation of ATP1A3 causes an atypical form of alternating hemiplegia of childhood with prolonged paralysis and choreoathetosis

    Alternating hemiplegia of childhood (AHC) is a rare neurological disorder that manifests recurrent attacks of hemiplegia, oculogyric, and choreoathetotic involuntary movements. De novo mutations in ATP1A3 cause t...

    Hikaru Kanemasa, Ryoko Fukai, Yasunari Sakai, Michiko Torio, Noriko Miyake, Sooyoung Lee, Hiroaki Ono, Satoshi Akamine, Kei Nishiyama, Masafumi Sanefuji, Yoshito Ishizaki, Hiroyuki Torisu, Hirotomo Saitsu, Naomichi Matsumoto and Toshiro Hara

    BMC Neurology 2016 16:174

    Published on: 15 September 2016

  7. Research article

    The role of visual stimuli on standing posture in children with bilateral cerebral palsy

    In children with bilateral cerebral palsy (CP) maintaining a standing position can be difficult. The fundamental motor task of standing independently is achieved by an interaction between the visual, somatosen...

    Cecilia Lidbeck, Åsa Bartonek, Priti Yadav, Kristina Tedroff, Per Åstrand, Kerstin Hellgren and Elena M. Gutierrez-Farewik

    BMC Neurology 2016 16:151

    Published on: 24 August 2016

  8. Study protocol

    Evaluation of the effectiveness of robotic gait training and gait-focused physical therapy programs for children and youth with cerebral palsy: a mixed methods RCT

    Robot assisted gait training (RAGT) is considered to be a promising approach for improving gait-related gross motor function of children and youth with cerebral palsy. However, RAGT has yet to be empirically d...

    Lesley Wiart, Rhonda J. Rosychuk and F. Virginia Wright

    BMC Neurology 2016 16:86

    Published on: 2 June 2016

  9. Case report

    Compound heterozygous variants in PGAP1 causing severe psychomotor retardation, brain atrophy, recurrent apneas and delayed myelination: a case report and literature review

    Mutations in proteins involved in the glycosylphosphatidylinositol anchor biosynthesis and remodeling pathway are associated with autosomal recessive forms of intellectual disability. Recently mutations in the PG...

    Matthias Kettwig, Orly Elpeleg, Eike Wegener, Steffi Dreha-Kulaczewski, Marco Henneke, Jutta Gärtner and Peter Huppke

    BMC Neurology 2016 16:74

    Published on: 21 May 2016

  10. Research article

    The nutritional state of children and adolescents with cerebral palsy is associated with oral motor dysfunction and social conditions: a cross sectional study

    Cerebral palsy (CP) is the main cause of severe physical impairment during childhood and has commonly shown oral motor association. It has been considered as the main cause of the high prevalence of problems i...

    Vanessa Vieira Pinto, Levy Anderson César Alves, Fausto M. Mendes and Ana Lídia Ciamponi

    BMC Neurology 2016 16:55

    Published on: 26 April 2016

  11. Case report

    The value of early and comprehensive diagnoses in a human fetus with hydrocephalus and progressive obliteration of the aqueduct of Sylvius: Case Report

    Mutant rodent models have highlighted the importance of the ventricular ependymal cells and the subcommissural organ (a brain gland secreting glycoproteins into the cerebrospinal fluid) in the development of f...

    Eduardo Ortega, Rosa I. Muñoz, Nelly Luza, Francisco Guerra, Monserrat Guerra, Karin Vio, Roberto Henzi, Jaime Jaque, Sara Rodriguez, James P. McAllister and Esteban Rodriguez

    BMC Neurology 2016 16:45

    Published on: 11 April 2016

  12. Study protocol

    Motor imagery training for children with developmental coordination disorder – study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

    Previous studies have shown that the predictive control of movements is impaired in children with Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD), most likely due to a deficit in the internal modeling of movements. ...

    Imke L. J. Adams, Bert Steenbergen, Jessica M. Lust and Bouwien C. M. Smits-Engelsman

    BMC Neurology 2016 16:5

    Published on: 12 January 2016

  13. Research article

    Twenty weeks of home-based interactive training of children with cerebral palsy improves functional abilities

    Home-based training is becoming ever more important with increasing demands on the public health systems. We investigated whether individualized and supervised interactive home-based training delivered through...

    Jakob Lorentzen, Line Z. Greve, Mette Kliim-Due, Betina Rasmussen, P. E. Bilde and Jens B. Nielsen

    BMC Neurology 2015 15:75

    Published on: 10 May 2015

  14. Research article

    Personal and environmental factors to consider when aiming to improve participation in physical activity in children with Spina Bifida: a qualitative study

    Youth with spina bifida (SB) are less fit and active than other groups with childhood disability. While recent studies have shown benefits of exercise training, the increased fitness levels do not sustain or l...

    Manon AT Bloemen, Olaf Verschuren, Claudia van Mechelen, Hanneke E Borst, Arina J de Leeuw, Marsha van der Hoef and Janke F de Groot

    BMC Neurology 2015 15:11

    Published on: 10 February 2015

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