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Child neurology

Section edited by Dimitrios Zafeiriou

This section is dedicated to all aspects of pediatric neurology. Topics of interest include, but are not limited to, pediatric neuroradiology including MRI, fetal MRI, autism, epilepsy and beta thalassemia.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    The treatment of cognitive deficits is challenging in pediatric onset multiple sclerosis (POMS) and in patients with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). We performed a pilot double-blind RCT to ev...

    Authors: Marta Simone, Rosa Gemma Viterbo, Lucia Margari and Pietro Iaffaldano

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2018 18:82

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  2. Content type: Case report

    Dyke-Davidoff-Masson syndrome is a rare condition of unknown frequency resulting from brain injury due to a multitude of causes; especially in early life. Characteristics include cerebral hemiatrophy/hypoplasi...

    Authors: Anna Misyail Abdul Rashid and Mohamad Syafeeq Faeez Md Noh

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2018 18:76

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  3. Content type: Case report

    Sarcoidosis is a multi-organ disease of unknown etiology characterised by the presence of epithelioid granulomas, without caseous necrosis. Systemic sarcoidosis is rare among children, while neurosarcoidosis i...

    Authors: Katsunori Shijo, Nobuhiro Moro, Mari Sasano, Mitsuru Watanabe, Hiroshi Yagasaki, Shori Takahashi, Taku Homma and Atsuo Yoshino

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2018 18:77

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  4. Content type: Case report

    Hopkins syndrome (HS) is a rare disorder presenting with acute flaccid paralysis of the limbs following an asthma attack. Neurologists encounter a diagnostic challenge if patients without a history of bronchia...

    Authors: Fumie Hayashi, Shintaro Hayashi, Dai Matsuse, Ryo Yamasaki, Keiji Yonekura and Jun-ichi Kira

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2018 18:71

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  5. Content type: Study protocol

    Motor outcomes of children with unilateral cerebral palsy are clearly documented and well understood, yet few studies describe the cognitive functioning in this population, and the associations between the two...

    Authors: Brian Hoare, Michael Ditchfield, Megan Thorley, Margaret Wallen, Jenny Bracken, Adrienne Harvey, Catherine Elliott, Iona Novak and Ali Crichton

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2018 18:63

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  6. Content type: Case report

    Pediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorder after streptococcal infection (PANDAS) is a specific autoimmune response to group-A streptococcal infections in children and adolescents with a sudden onset of ob...

    Authors: A. H. Nave, P. Harmel, R. Buchert and L. Harms

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2018 18:60

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Acute autonomic neuropathy (AAN) is rare disorder with anecdotal report, especially for childhood onset patients. Misdiagnosis or delays in treatment can always be found in clinical practice. We conducted this...

    Authors: Ling-Yu Pang, Chang-Hong Ding, Yang-Yang Wang, Li-Ying Liu, Qiao-Jun Li and Li-Ping Zou

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:164

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Cerebral Palsy (CP) is the most common cause of motor disabilities in children and young adults and it is also often associated with cognitive and physiological challenges. Climbing requires a multifaceted rep...

    Authors: Mark Schram Christensen, Thor Jensen, Camilla B. Voigt, Jens Bo Nielsen and Jakob Lorentzen

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:112

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  9. Content type: Research article

    This qualitative study examined how individuals with Spinal Muscular Atrophy (SMA), their caregivers, and clinicians defined meaningful change, primarily in the Type II and non-ambulant type III patient popula...

    Authors: Sarah McGraw, Ying Qian, Jeff Henne, Jill Jarecki, Kenneth Hobby and Wei-Shi Yeh

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:68

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Wilson's disease with osseomuscular type is a rare condition, which often lacks typical hepatic and neurological symptoms and causes misdiagnoses easily. During the past 10 years, eight Chinese patients of ...

    Authors: Hao Yu, Juan-Juan Xie, Yu-Chao Chen, Qin-Yun Dong, Yi Dong, Wang Ni and Zhi-Ying Wu

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:34

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  11. Content type: Case report

    Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease is a self-limited clinicopathologic entity that is increasingly recognized worldwide. Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease is characterized by cervical lymphadenopathy occurring in young adults. N...

    Authors: Hidenori Kido, Osamu Kano, Asami Hamai, Hiroyuki Masuda, Yutaka Fuchinoue, Masaaki Nemoto, Chiaki Arai, Teppei Takeda, Fumihito Yamabe, Toshihiro Tai, Mizuki Kasahara, Kenichi Suzuki, Nobuyuki Shiraga, Sota Sadamoto, Megumi Wakayama, Yukitoshi Takahashi…

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:22

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Many aspects of pharmacological treatment of Lyme neuroborreliosis in children, such as choice of drug, dosage, and duration are subject to intense debates, leading to uncertainties in patients’ parents and he...

    Authors: Rick Dersch, Tilman Hottenrott, Stefanie Schmidt, Harriet Sommer, Hans-Iko Huppertz, Sebastian Rauer and Joerg J. Meerpohl

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2016 16:189

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  13. Content type: Research article

    As little is known of association(s) between gut microbiota profiles and host immunological markers, we explored these in children with and without multiple sclerosis (MS).

    Authors: Helen Tremlett, Douglas W. Fadrosh, Ali A. Faruqi, Janace Hart, Shelly Roalstad, Jennifer Graves, Collin M. Spencer, Susan V. Lynch, Scott S. Zamvil and Emmanuelle Waubant

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2016 16:182

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Stroke is a major complication of sickle cell anaemia (SCA). It occurs commonly in childhood with about 10 % of children with sickle cell anaemia getting affected by this complication. In Uganda, there is pauc...

    Authors: Deogratias Munube, Elly Katabira, Grace Ndeezi, Moses Joloba, Samden Lhatoo, Martha Sajatovic and James K. Tumwine

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2016 16:175

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  15. Content type: Case report

    Alternating hemiplegia of childhood (AHC) is a rare neurological disorder that manifests recurrent attacks of hemiplegia, oculogyric, and choreoathetotic involuntary movements. De novo mutations in ATP1A3 cause t...

    Authors: Hikaru Kanemasa, Ryoko Fukai, Yasunari Sakai, Michiko Torio, Noriko Miyake, Sooyoung Lee, Hiroaki Ono, Satoshi Akamine, Kei Nishiyama, Masafumi Sanefuji, Yoshito Ishizaki, Hiroyuki Torisu, Hirotomo Saitsu, Naomichi Matsumoto and Toshiro Hara

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2016 16:174

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  16. Content type: Research article

    In children with bilateral cerebral palsy (CP) maintaining a standing position can be difficult. The fundamental motor task of standing independently is achieved by an interaction between the visual, somatosen...

    Authors: Cecilia Lidbeck, Åsa Bartonek, Priti Yadav, Kristina Tedroff, Per Åstrand, Kerstin Hellgren and Elena M. Gutierrez-Farewik

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2016 16:151

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Children and youth with non-traumatic brain injury (nTBI) are often overlooked in regard to the need for post-injury health services. This study provided population-based data on their burden on healthcare ser...

    Authors: Vincy Chan, Jason D. Pole, Michelle Keightley, Robert E. Mann and Angela Colantonio

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2016 16:110

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  18. Content type: Study protocol

    Robot assisted gait training (RAGT) is considered to be a promising approach for improving gait-related gross motor function of children and youth with cerebral palsy. However, RAGT has yet to be empirically d...

    Authors: Lesley Wiart, Rhonda J. Rosychuk and F. Virginia Wright

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2016 16:86

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