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Child neurology

This section is dedicated to all aspects of pediatric neurology. Topics of interest include, but are not limited to, pediatric neuroradiology including MRI, fetal MRI, autism, epilepsy and beta thalassemia.

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  1. As little is known of association(s) between gut microbiota profiles and host immunological markers, we explored these in children with and without multiple sclerosis (MS).

    Authors: Helen Tremlett, Douglas W. Fadrosh, Ali A. Faruqi, Janace Hart, Shelly Roalstad, Jennifer Graves, Collin M. Spencer, Susan V. Lynch, Scott S. Zamvil and Emmanuelle Waubant

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2016 16:182

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Stroke is a major complication of sickle cell anaemia (SCA). It occurs commonly in childhood with about 10 % of children with sickle cell anaemia getting affected by this complication. In Uganda, there is pauc...

    Authors: Deogratias Munube, Elly Katabira, Grace Ndeezi, Moses Joloba, Samden Lhatoo, Martha Sajatovic and James K. Tumwine

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2016 16:175

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Alternating hemiplegia of childhood (AHC) is a rare neurological disorder that manifests recurrent attacks of hemiplegia, oculogyric, and choreoathetotic involuntary movements. De novo mutations in ATP1A3 cause t...

    Authors: Hikaru Kanemasa, Ryoko Fukai, Yasunari Sakai, Michiko Torio, Noriko Miyake, Sooyoung Lee, Hiroaki Ono, Satoshi Akamine, Kei Nishiyama, Masafumi Sanefuji, Yoshito Ishizaki, Hiroyuki Torisu, Hirotomo Saitsu, Naomichi Matsumoto and Toshiro Hara

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2016 16:174

    Content type: Case report

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  4. In children with bilateral cerebral palsy (CP) maintaining a standing position can be difficult. The fundamental motor task of standing independently is achieved by an interaction between the visual, somatosen...

    Authors: Cecilia Lidbeck, Åsa Bartonek, Priti Yadav, Kristina Tedroff, Per Åstrand, Kerstin Hellgren and Elena M. Gutierrez-Farewik

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2016 16:151

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Children and youth with non-traumatic brain injury (nTBI) are often overlooked in regard to the need for post-injury health services. This study provided population-based data on their burden on healthcare ser...

    Authors: Vincy Chan, Jason D. Pole, Michelle Keightley, Robert E. Mann and Angela Colantonio

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2016 16:110

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Robot assisted gait training (RAGT) is considered to be a promising approach for improving gait-related gross motor function of children and youth with cerebral palsy. However, RAGT has yet to be empirically d...

    Authors: Lesley Wiart, Rhonda J. Rosychuk and F. Virginia Wright

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2016 16:86

    Content type: Study protocol

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  7. Mutations in proteins involved in the glycosylphosphatidylinositol anchor biosynthesis and remodeling pathway are associated with autosomal recessive forms of intellectual disability. Recently mutations in the PG...

    Authors: Matthias Kettwig, Orly Elpeleg, Eike Wegener, Steffi Dreha-Kulaczewski, Marco Henneke, Jutta Gärtner and Peter Huppke

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2016 16:74

    Content type: Case report

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  8. Cerebral palsy (CP) is the main cause of severe physical impairment during childhood and has commonly shown oral motor association. It has been considered as the main cause of the high prevalence of problems i...

    Authors: Vanessa Vieira Pinto, Levy Anderson César Alves, Fausto M. Mendes and Ana Lídia Ciamponi

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2016 16:55

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Mutant rodent models have highlighted the importance of the ventricular ependymal cells and the subcommissural organ (a brain gland secreting glycoproteins into the cerebrospinal fluid) in the development of f...

    Authors: Eduardo Ortega, Rosa I. Muñoz, Nelly Luza, Francisco Guerra, Monserrat Guerra, Karin Vio, Roberto Henzi, Jaime Jaque, Sara Rodriguez, James P. McAllister and Esteban Rodriguez

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2016 16:45

    Content type: Case report

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  10. Previous studies have shown that the predictive control of movements is impaired in children with Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD), most likely due to a deficit in the internal modeling of movements. ...

    Authors: Imke L. J. Adams, Bert Steenbergen, Jessica M. Lust and Bouwien C. M. Smits-Engelsman

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2016 16:5

    Content type: Study protocol

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  11. Home-based training is becoming ever more important with increasing demands on the public health systems. We investigated whether individualized and supervised interactive home-based training delivered through...

    Authors: Jakob Lorentzen, Line Z. Greve, Mette Kliim-Due, Betina Rasmussen, P. E. Bilde and Jens B. Nielsen

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2015 15:75

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Youth with spina bifida (SB) are less fit and active than other groups with childhood disability. While recent studies have shown benefits of exercise training, the increased fitness levels do not sustain or l...

    Authors: Manon AT Bloemen, Olaf Verschuren, Claudia van Mechelen, Hanneke E Borst, Arina J de Leeuw, Marsha van der Hoef and Janke F de Groot

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2015 15:11

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Minocycline, a member of the tetracycline family, has a low risk of adverse effects and an ability to improve behavioral performance in humans with cognitive disruption. We performed a single-arm open-label tr...

    Authors: Joseph C Grieco, Stephanie L Ciarlone, Maria Gieron-Korthals, Mike R Schoenberg, Amanda G Smith, Rex M Philpot, Helen S Heussler, Jessica L Banko and Edwin J Weeber

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:232

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Children with unilateral Cerebral Palsy (CP) often show diminished awareness of the remaining capacity of their affected upper limb. This phenomenon is known as Developmental Disregard (DD). DD has been explai...

    Authors: Ingar M Zielinski, Bert Steenbergen, C Marjolein Baas, Pauline BM Aarts and Marijtje LA Jongsma

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:221

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Cerebral palsy is the most common physical disability of childhood and early detection is possible using evidence based assessments. Systematic reviews indicate early intervention trials rarely demonstrate eff...

    Authors: Catherine Morgan, Iona Novak, Russell C Dale, Andrea Guzzetta and Nadia Badawi

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:203

    Content type: Study protocol

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  16. Cerebral palsy (CP) and brain injury (BI) are common conditions that have devastating effects on a child’s ability to use their hands. Hand splinting and task-specific training are two interventions that are o...

    Authors: Michelle Jackman, Iona Novak and Natasha Lannin

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:144

    Content type: Study protocol

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  17. Up to a third of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) manifest regressive autism (R-ASD).They show normal early development followed by loss of language and social skills. Absent evidence-based therapi...

    Authors: Frank H Duffy, Aditi Shankardass, Gloria B McAnulty, Yaman Z Eksioglu, David Coulter, Alexander Rotenberg and Heidelise Als

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:70

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Assessment of arm-hand use is very important in children with cerebral palsy (CP) who encounter arm-hand problems. To determine validity and reliability of new instruments to assess actual performance, a set o...

    Authors: Ryanne JM Lemmens, Yvonne JM Janssen-Potten, Annick AA Timmermans, Anke Defesche, Rob JEM Smeets and Henk AM Seelen

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:52

    Content type: Research article

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  19. The contribution of cerebrovascular function to cognitive performance is gaining increased attention. Transcranial doppler (TCD) is portable, reliable, inexpensive and extremely well tolerated by young and cli...

    Authors: Mireille J Bakker, Jessica Hofmann, Owen F Churches, Nicholas A Badcock, Mark Kohler and Hannah AD Keage

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:43

    Content type: Research article

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  20. In a subset of children with unilateral Cerebral Palsy (CP) a discrepancy between capacity and performance of the affected upper limb can be observed. This discrepancy is known as Developmental Disregard (DD)....

    Authors: Ingar M Zielinski, Marijtje LA Jongsma, C Marjolein Baas, Pauline BM Aarts and Bert Steenbergen

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:6

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Learning Disorders (LD) are complex diseases that affect about 2-10% of the school-age population. We performed neuropsychological and psychopathological evaluation, in order to investigate comorbidity in chil...

    Authors: Lucia Margari, Maura Buttiglione, Francesco Craig, Arcangelo Cristella, Concetta de Giambattista, Emilia Matera, Francesca Operto and Marta Simone

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2013 13:198

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) is the most common cause of acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) in the post-poliomyelitis eradication era. This is the first study done to identify the epidemiology, clinical features, ...

    Authors: Jagar Jasem, Kawa Marof, Adnan Nawar, Yosra Khalaf, Sirwan Aswad, Faisal Hamdani, Monirul Islam and Andre Kalil

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2013 13:195

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Mucopolysaccharidosis type III (MPS III) is an autosomal recessive disorder caused by deficiency of a specific enzyme leading to heparan sulfate (HS) accumulation within cells and to eventual progressive cereb...

    Authors: Svitlana Garbuzova-Davis, Santhia Mirtyl, Sebastian A Sallot, Diana G Hernandez-Ontiveros, Edward Haller and Paul R Sanberg

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2013 13:174

    Content type: Research article

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  24. The Observational Skills Assessment Score (OSAS) measures amount and quality of use of the affected hand in children with unilateral Cerebral Palsy (CP) in bimanual activities and could therefore be a valuable...

    Authors: Lucianne Speth, Yvonne Janssen-Potten, Pieter Leffers, Eugene Rameckers, Anke Defesche, Richard Geers, Rob Smeets and Hans Vles

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2013 13:152

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Children with congenital hemiplegia often present with limitations in using their impaired upper limb which impacts on independence in activities of daily living, societal participation and quality of life. Tr...

    Authors: Roslyn N Boyd, Jenny Ziviani, Leanne Sakzewski, Laura Miller, Joanne Bowden, Ross Cunnington, Robert Ware, Andrea Guzzetta, Richard AL Macdonell, Graeme D Jackson, David F Abbott and Stephen Rose

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2013 13:68

    Content type: Study protocol

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  26. West syndrome is an age-dependent epilepsy with onset peak in the first year of life whose aetiology may be symptomatic or cryptogenic. Long-term cognitive and neurological prognosis is usually poor and seizur...

    Authors: Salvatore Mangano, Rosaria Nardello, Gabriele Tripi, Giuliana Giordano, Chiara Spitaleri, Giuseppa Renata Mangano and Antonina Fontana

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2013 13:48

    Content type: Case report

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  27. Language comprehension requires decoding of complex, rapidly changing speech streams. Detecting changes of frequency modulation (FM) within speech is hypothesized as essential for accurate phoneme detection, a...

    Authors: Frank H Duffy, Yaman Z Eksioglu, Alexander Rotenberg, Joseph R Madsen, Aditi Shankardass and Heidelise Als

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2013 13:12

    Content type: Technical advance

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  28. Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are associated with widespread alterations in white matter (WM) integrity. However, while a growing body of studies is shedding light on microstructural WM alterations in high-f...

    Authors: Lucia Billeci, Sara Calderoni, Michela Tosetti, Marco Catani and Filippo Muratori

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2012 12:148

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Hyperekplexia (HPX) is a rare non-epileptic disorder manifesting immediately after birth with exaggerated persistent startle reaction to unexpected auditory, somatosensory and visual stimuli, and non-habituati...

    Authors: Mohammed Zein Seidahmed, Mustafa A Salih, Omer B Abdulbasit, Meeralebbae Shaheed, Khalid Al Hussein, Abeer M Miqdad, Abdullah K Al Rasheed, Anas M Alazami, Ibrahim A Alorainy and Fowzan S Alkuraya

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2012 12:125

    Content type: Research article

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  30. The mammalian neurological disorder hereditary hyperekplexia can be attributed to various mutations of strychnine sensitive glycine receptors. The clinical symptoms of “startle disease” predominantly occur in ...

    Authors: Jeanne de la Roche, Martin Leuwer, Klaus Krampfl, Gertrud Haeseler, Reinhard Dengler, Vanessa Buchholz and Jörg Ahrens

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2012 12:104

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Kleine-Levin syndrome is a rare sleep disorder of unknown etiology. It is characterized by intermittent periods of excessive sleepiness, cognitive disturbances and behavioral abnormalities. Nine cases of famil...

    Authors: Taro Ueno, Akira Fukuhara, Azusa Ikegami, Fumihiro Ohishi and Kazuhiko Kume

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2012 12:31

    Content type: Case report

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  32. A detailed behavioral profile associated with focal congenital malformation of the ventromedial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC) has not been reported previously. Here we describe a 14 year-old boy, B.W., with neurol...

    Authors: Aaron D Boes, Amanda Hornaday Grafft, Charuta Joshi, Nathaniel A Chuang, Peg Nopoulos and Steven W Anderson

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2011 11:151

    Content type: Case report

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  33. Xenobiotics are neurotoxins that dramatically alter the health of the child. In addition, an inefficient detoxification system leads to oxidative stress, gut dysbiosis, and immune dysfunction. The consensus am...

    Authors: Yusra A Al-Yafee, Laila Y Al- Ayadhi, Samina H Haq and Afaf K El-Ansary

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2011 11:139

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Acute encephalopathy includes rapid deterioration and has a poor prognosis. Early intervention is essential to prevent progression of the disease and subsequent neurologic complications. However, in the acute ...

    Authors: Takeshi Asano, Shinya Koizumi, Atsushi Takagi, Takayuki Hatori, Kentaroh Kuwabara, Osamu Fujino and Yoshitaka Fukunaga

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2011 11:101

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Leigh Syndrome (LS) is a severe neurodegenerative disorder characterized by bilateral symmetrical necrotic lesions in the basal ganglia and brainstem. Onset is in early infancy and prognosis is poor. Causative...

    Authors: Dario Ronchi, Alessandra Cosi, Davide Tonduti, Simona Orcesi, Andreina Bordoni, Francesco Fortunato, Mafalda Rizzuti, Monica Sciacco, Martina Collotta, Sophie Cagdas, Giuseppe Capovilla, Maurizio Moggio, Angela Berardinelli, Pierangelo Veggiotti and Giacomo P Comi

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2011 11:85

    Content type: Case report

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  36. The available health resources limit the amount of therapy that may be offered to children with cerebral palsy and the amount of training in each session may be insufficient to drive the neuroplastic changes, ...

    Authors: Peder E Bilde, Mette Kliim-Due, Betina Rasmussen, Line Z Petersen, Tue H Petersen and Jens B Nielsen

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2011 11:32

    Content type: Research article

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