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Dementias

This section focuses on neurodegeneration. Topics of interest include, but are not limited to, Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's Disease, frontotemporal dementias, Lewy body dementia, vascular dementia, mild cognitive impairment and basic aspects of neurodegenerative diseases and prion diseases.

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  1. Mitochondrial dysfunction is a hallmark of neurodegenerative diseases including Alzheimer’s disease (AD), with morphological and functional abnormalities limiting the electron transport chain and ATP productio...

    Authors: Aaron N Long, Katrina Owens, Anna E Schlappal, Tibor Kristian, Paul S Fishman and Rosemary A Schuh

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2015 15:19

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is the most common form of dementia and patients often have visual disorders. Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is characterized by a memory deficit when compared with those of a similar...

    Authors: Dachuan Liu, Lina Zhang, Zhen Li, Xuxiang Zhang, Yue Wu, Huiqing Yang, Baoquan Min, Xinqing Zhang, Daqing Ma and Yan Lu

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2015 15:14

    Content type: Research article

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  3. The Parelsnoer Institute is a collaboration between 8 Dutch University Medical Centers in which clinical data and biomaterials from patients suffering from chronic diseases (so called “Pearls”) are collected acco...

    Authors: Pauline Aalten, Inez HGB Ramakers, Geert Jan Biessels, Peter Paul de Deyn, Huiberdina L Koek, Marcel GM OldeRikkert, Ania M Oleksik, Edo Richard, Lieke L Smits, John C van Swieten, Laura K Teune, Aad van der Lugt, Frederik Barkhof, Charlotte E Teunissen, Nico Rozendaal, Frans RJ Verhey…

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:254

    Content type: Study protocol

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  4. The American Stroke Association/American Heart Association recommended the criteria for diagnosis of vascular cognitive impairment and memory impairment (MI) is a feature in the classification of vascular mild...

    Authors: Soo-Jin Cho, Kyung-Ho Yu, Mi Sun Oh, San Jung, Ju-Hun Lee, Im-Seok Koh, Hee-Joon Bae, Yeonwook Kang and Byung-Chul Lee

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:244

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Cholinesterase inhibitors can delay the progression of Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Several clinical trials of the drug in moderate to severe AD have consistently reported clinically positive effects. A combining ef...

    Authors: Kenichi Meguro, Yoshitaka Ouchi, Kyoko Akanuma, Mitsue Meguro and Mari Kasai

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:243

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Frontotemporal dementia (FTD) may present with psychiatric symptoms, usually together with neurological ones and in cases with a family history of dementia. We describe the case of an FTD behavioural variant w...

    Authors: Carla Gramaglia, Roberto Cantello, Emanuela Terazzi, Miryam Carecchio, Sandra D’Alfonso, Nunzia Chieppa, Francesca Ressico, Maria Cristina Rizza and Patrizia Zeppegno

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:228

    Content type: Case report

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  7. Differential diagnosis of severe progressive dementia includes a wide spectrum of inflammatory and neurodegenerative diseases. Particularly challenging is the differentiation of potentially treatable autoimmun...

    Authors: Frédéric Zuhorn, Almut Hübenthal, Andreas Rogalewski, Müjgan Dogan Onugoren, Markus Glatzel, Christian G Bien and Wolf-Rüdiger Schäbitz

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:227

    Content type: Case report

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  8. Recent studies have revealed an inverse epidemiological correlation between Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and cancer − patients with AD show a reduced risk of cancer, while cancer survivors are less likely to devel...

    Authors: Jian-Ming Li, Chao Liu, Xia Hu, Yan Cai, Chao Ma, Xue-Gang Luo and Xiao-Xin Yan

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:211

    Content type: Debate

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  9. As greater numbers of us are living longer, it is increasingly important to understand how we can age healthily. Although old age is often stereotyped as a time of declining mental abilities and inflexibility,...

    Authors: Meredith A Shafto, Lorraine K Tyler, Marie Dixon, Jason R Taylor, James B Rowe, Rhodri Cusack, Andrew J Calder, William D Marslen-Wilson, John Duncan, Tim Dalgleish, Richard N Henson, Carol Brayne and Fiona E Matthews

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:204

    Content type: Study protocol

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  10. In the absence of a gold standard, a panel of experts can be invited to assign a reference diagnosis for use in research. Available literature offers limited guidance on assembling and working with an expert p...

    Authors: Ron L H Handels, Claire A G Wolfs, Pauline Aalten, Patrick M M Bossuyt, Manuela A Joore, Albert F G Leentjens, Johan L Severens and Frans R J Verhey

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:190

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Dementia includes a group of neurodegenerative disorders characterized by progressive loss of cognitive function and a decrease in the ability to perform activities of daily living. Systematic reviews of diagn...

    Authors: Ingrid Arevalo-Rodriguez, Omar Segura, Ivan Solà, Xavier Bonfill, Erick Sanchez and Pablo Alonso-Coello

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:183

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Dementia has been associated with an increased risk of hip fracture. However, little research has been conducted on the impact of dementia on wrist or vertebral fracture development. The aim of this study was ...

    Authors: Hao-Kuang Wang, Chao-Ming Hung, Sheng-Hsiang Lin, Yi-Cheng Tai, Kang Lu, Po-Chou Liliang, Chi-Wei Lin, Yi-Che Lee, Pei-Hsuan Fang, Li-Ching Chang and Ying-Chun Li

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:175

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease and Hashimoto's encephalopathy often show similar clinical presentation. Among Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease mimics, Hashimoto's encephalopathy is particularly important as it is treatabl...

    Authors: Jae-Won Jang, So Young Park, Young Ho Park, Jung E Kim and SangYun Kim

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:179

    Content type: Case report

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  14. The objectives of this study were to explore the relationship between olfactory impairment, cognitive measures, and brain structure volumes in healthy elderly individuals, compared to patients with amnestic mi...

    Authors: Grete Kjelvik, Ingvild Saltvedt, Linda R White, Pål Stenumgård, Olav Sletvold, Knut Engedal, Kristina Skåtun, Ann Kristin Lyngvær, Hill Aina Steffenach and Asta K Håberg

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:168

    Content type: Research article

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  15. The Kii peninsula of Japan is one of the foci of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and parkinsonism-dementia complex (ALS/PDC) in the world. The purpose of this study is to clarify the neuropsychological features ...

    Authors: Akihiro Shindo, Yukito Ueda, Shigeki Kuzuhara and Yasumasa Kokubo

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:151

    Content type: Research article

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  16. The diagnosis of dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) is often challenging in elderly individuals, not only for its various clinical features, sometimes, but also for its rare changes of periodic synchronous discha...

    Authors: Li Sun, Jie Cao, Feng na Chu, Zan Wang and Yudan Lv

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:112

    Content type: Case report

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  17. Intervention and treatment in Alzheimer’s disease dementia (AD-dementia) can be cost effective but the majority of patients are not diagnosed in a timely manner. Technology is now available that can enable the...

    Authors: Jennifer H Barnett, Lily Lewis, Andrew D Blackwell and Matthew Taylor

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:101

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Cholinesterase inhibitors (ChEIs) such as donepezil have the effect of delaying progression of Alzheimer’s disease (AD), but their effect on life expectancy is unclear. We analyzed the influence of donepezil o...

    Authors: Kenichi Meguro, Mari Kasai, Kyoko Akanuma, Mitsue Meguro, Hiroshi Ishii and Satoshi Yamaguchi

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:83

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Biomarkers based on the underlying pathology of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and Dementia with Lewy Bodies (DLB) have the potential to improve diagnosis and understanding of the substrate for cognitive impairment ...

    Authors: Andrew Siderowf, Michael J Pontecorvo, Holly A Shill, Mark A Mintun, Anupa Arora, Abhinay D Joshi, Ming Lu, Charles H Adler, Douglas Galasko, Carolyn Liebsack, Daniel M Skovronsky and Marwan N Sabbagh

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:79

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Gait ability and cognitive function are interrelated during both normal walking (NW) and dual-task walking (DTW), and gait ability is thus adversely affected by cognitive impairment in both situations. However...

    Authors: Takehiko Doi, Hiroyuki Shimada, Hyuma Makizako, Kota Tsutsumimoto, Kazuki Uemura, Yuya Anan and Takao Suzuki

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:67

    Content type: Research article

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  21. We investigated levels of the β-amyloid 1–42 (Aβ42), total tau protein (T-tau) and tau phosphorylated at position threonine 181 (P-tau) in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus ...

    Authors: Tae Sung Lim, Jun Young Choi, Sun Ah Park, Young Chul Youn, Hyun Young Lee, Byung Gon Kim, In Soo Joo, Kyoon Huh and So Young Moon

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:66

    Content type: Research article

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  22. The Insulin-like Growth Factor (IGF)-related system is implicated in neuroregeneration and cell repair, as well as regulating lifespan. IGF-II, one component of this system, has also been found to affect memor...

    Authors: Joakim Hertze, Katarina Nägga, Lennart Minthon and Oskar Hansson

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:64

    Content type: Research article

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  23. The aging of the population has led to the increase of chronic diseases, especially dementia and cardiovascular diseases, and it has become necessary for their relatives to dedicate more time in caregiving.

    Authors: Emiliano Rodriguez-Sánchez, José María Criado-Gutiérrez, Sara Mora-Simón, M Paz Muriel-Diaz, Manuel A Gómez-Marcos, José I Recio-Rodríguez, M Carmen Patino-Alonso, Luis F Valero-Juan, José A Maderuelo-Fernandez and Luis García-Ortiz

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:63

    Content type: Study protocol

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  24. England has one of the highest rates of hospital death in dementia in Europe. How this has changed over time is unknown. This study aimed to analyse temporal trends in place of death in dementia over a recent ...

    Authors: Katherine E Sleeman, Yuen K Ho, Julia Verne, Wei Gao and Irene J Higginson

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:59

    Content type: Research article

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  25. TTP488, an antagonist at the Receptor for Advanced Glycation End products, was evaluated as a potential treatment for patients with mild-to-moderate Alzheimer’s disease (AD). A previous report describes decrea...

    Authors: Aaron H Burstein, Imogene Grimes, Douglas R Galasko, Paul S Aisen, Marwan Sabbagh and Adnan MM Mjalli

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:12

    Content type: Research article

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  26. A large number of longitudinal studies of population-based ageing cohorts are in progress internationally, but the insights from these studies into the risk and protective factors for cognitive ageing and cond...

    Authors: Perminder S Sachdev, Darren M Lipnicki, Nicole A Kochan, John D Crawford, Kenneth Rockwood, Shifu Xiao, Juan Li, Xia Li, Carol Brayne, Fiona E Matthews, Blossom CM Stephan, Richard B Lipton, Mindy J Katz, Karen Ritchie, Isabelle Carrière, Marie-Laure Ancelin…

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2013 13:165

    Content type: Study protocol

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  27. Due to the nature of neurodegenerative disorders, patients with primary progressive aphasia develop cognitive impairment other than aphasia as the disorder progresses. The progression of logopenic variant prim...

    Authors: Michitaka Funayama, Yoshitaka Nakagawa, Yoko Yamaya, Fumihiro Yoshino, Masaru Mimura and Motoichiro Kato

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2013 13:158

    Content type: Case report

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  28. To determine whether or not jugular venous reflux (JVR) is associated with structural brain parenchyma changes in individuals with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and Alzheimer’s disease (AD).

    Authors: Clive Beggs, Chih-Ping Chung, Niels Bergsland, Pei-Ning Wang, Simon Shepherd, Chun-Yu Cheng, Michael G Dwyer, Han-Hwa Hu and Robert Zivadinov

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2013 13:157

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Advances in the diagnosis and multi-modality treatment of cancer have increased survival rates for many cancer types leading to an increasing load of long-term sequelae of therapy, including that of cognitive ...

    Authors: Justin Davis, Fiona M Ahlberg, Michael Berk, David M Ashley and Mustafa Khasraw

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2013 13:153

    Content type: Review

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  30. Dysphagia, which can result in aspiration pneumonia and death, is a well-known problem in patients with dementia and Parkinson’s disease. There are few studies on dysphagia in patients with dementia with Lewy ...

    Authors: Elisabet Londos, Oskar Hanxsson, Ingrid Alm Hirsch, Anna Janneskog, Margareta Bülow and Sebastian Palmqvist

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2013 13:140

    Content type: Research article

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  31. The accumulation of the misfolded forms of cellular prion protein, i.e. prions (PrPSc), in the brain is one of the crucial characteristics of fatal neurodegenerative disorders, called transmissible spongiform enc...

    Authors: Eva Dvorakova, Tanja Vranac, Olga Janouskova, Maja Černilec, Simon Koren, Anja Lukan, Jana Nováková, Radoslav Matej, Karel Holada and Vladka Čurin Šerbec

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2013 13:126

    Content type: Research article

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  32. We examined the clinical value of two serum markers of low-grade inflammation, C-reactive protein (CRP) and receptor of advanced glycation products (RAGE), as prognostic indices for cognitive decline.

    Authors: Xia Ge, Xiao-yun Xu, Chun-hua Feng, Yue Wang, Yuan-ling Li and Bo Feng

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2013 13:110

    Content type: Research article

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  33. The risk of falling is associated with cognitive dysfunction. Older adults with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) exhibit an accelerated reduction of brain volume, and face an increased risk of falling. The curr...

    Authors: Hyuma Makizako, Hiroyuki Shimada, Takehiko Doi, Hyuntae Park, Daisuke Yoshida, Kazuki Uemura, Kota Tsutsumimoto, Teresa Liu-Ambrose and Takao Suzuki

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2013 13:102

    Content type: Research article

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  34. In this study we assess the prevalence, characteristics as well as socio-demographic and clinical correlates of a positive screen for HIV-associated dementia in a group of patients on antiretroviral therapy (A...

    Authors: Julius Atashili, Bradley N Gaynes, Brian W Pence, Gladys Tayong, Dmitry Kats, Julie K O’donnell, Peter M Ndumbe and Alfred K Njamnshi

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2013 13:86

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD) is the rate-limiting enzyme in the synthesis of γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA). Anti-GAD antibodies (GADA) are associated with the progression of stiff person syndrome and other n...

    Authors: Masahito Takagi, Yasushi Ishigaki, Kenji Uno, Shojiro Sawada, Junta Imai, Keizo Kaneko, Yutaka Hasegawa, Tetsuya Yamada, Ai Tokita, Kazumi Iseki, Shigenori Kanno, Yoshiyuki Nishio, Hideki Katagiri and Etsuro Mori

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2013 13:76

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Frontotemporal dementia (FTD) is recognised as a clinically and morphologically heterogeneous group of interrelated neurodegenerative conditions. One of the subtypes within this disease spectrum is the behavio...

    Authors: Maria Landqvist Waldö, Alexander Frizell Santillo, Ulla Passant, Henrik Zetterberg, Lars Rosengren, Christer Nilsson and Elisabet Englund

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2013 13:54

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Carriers of the ApoE ϵ4 allele are at a greater risk for developing Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and those who do develop AD tend to have a much greater neuropathological disease burden. Although several studies h...

    Authors: Marwan N Sabbagh, Michael Malek-Ahmadi, Brittany N Dugger, Katarina Lee, Lucia I Sue, Geidy Serrano, Douglas G Walker, Kathryn Davis, Sandra A Jacobson and Thomas G Beach

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2013 13:44

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Worldwide, millions of people are suffering from dementia and this number is rising. An index of quality of life (QoL) can describe the impact a disease or treatment has on a person’s wellbeing. QoL comprises ...

    Authors: Roxane Anthea Francesca Weijenberg, Frank Lobbezoo, Dirk Lucas Knol, Jori Tomassen and Erik Johan Anton Scherder

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2013 13:26

    Content type: Study protocol

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  39. A strong inverse relationship of functional limitation and socioeconomic status has been established in western ageing society. Functional limitation can be related to chronic diseases, disuse, cognitive decli...

    Authors: Vorapun Senanarong, Kamolthip Harnphadungkit, Niphon Poungvarin, Sathit Vannasaeng, Samut Chongwisal, Tipa Chakorn, Piyanuch Jamjumrus, Atthapon Raksthaput, Sinisa Chaichanettee, Nattapol Aoonkaew, Suthipol Udompunthurak, Rachelle S Doody and Jeffrey L Cummings

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2013 13:3

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Establishing a confident clinical diagnosis before an advanced stage of illness can be difficult in Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) but unlike common causes of dementia, prion diseases can often be diagnosed b...

    Authors: Christopher Carswell, Andrew Thompson, Ana Lukic, John Stevens, Peter Rudge, Simon Mead, John Collinge and Harpreet Hyare

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2012 12:153

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Little is known about the long-term success of non-drug therapies for treating dementia, especially whether the effects are sustained after therapy ends. Here, we examined the effects of a one-year multimodal ...

    Authors: Katharina Luttenberger, Benjamin Hofner and Elmar Graessel

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2012 12:151

    Content type: Research article

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  42. To investigate to what extent Alzheimer's Disease (AD) affects Resting State activity, the possible impairment of independent electrophysiological parameters was determined in Eye-open and Eye-closed Condition...

    Authors: Antonio Tartaglione, Luciano Spadavecchia, Marco Maculotti and Fabio Bandini

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2012 12:145

    Content type: Research article

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  43. We report a female patient with familial Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease with V180I mutation (fCJD with V180I), who was serially followed up with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and electroencephalogram (EEG) for u...

    Authors: Kentaro Deguchi, Motonori Takamiya, Shoko Deguchi, Nobutoshi Morimoto, Tomoko Kurata, Yoshio Ikeda and Koji Abe

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2012 12:144

    Content type: Case report

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  44. It remains unclear how executive function (EF) is affected in the stage of amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI). Previous studies using different methods to assess EF in patients with aMCI have reached in...

    Authors: Dongming Zheng, Xiaoyu Dong, Hongzan Sun, Yongchuan Xu, Ying Ma and Xiaoming Wang

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2012 12:138

    Content type: Research article

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  45. The Hopkins Verbal Learning Test (HVLT) has been validated for detecting dementia in English-speaking populations. However, no studies have examined the Chinese version of the HVLT scale, and appropriate cut-o...

    Authors: Jing Shi, Jinzhou Tian, Mingqing Wei, Yingchun Miao and Yongyan Wang

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2012 12:136

    Content type: Research article

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