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BMC Neurology

Demyelinating diseases

Section edited by Francesco Patti and Tjalf Ziemssen

This section covers all types of demyelinating diseases. Topics of interest include, but are not limited to, multiple sclerosis, neuroimmunology, systemic lupus, vasculitis, lymphoma, and myelitis.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP) is presented by a large heterogeneity of clinical phenotypes. Around 50% of patients suffer from typical CIDP and show better therapy response than atyp...

    Authors: M. Staudt, J. M. Diederich, C. Meisel, A. Meisel and J. Klehmet

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:81

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  2. Content type: Case report

    Anti-Myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG) antibodies are detected in various demyelinating diseases, such as pediatric acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM), recurrent optic neuritis, and aquaporin-...

    Authors: Yoshitsugu Nakamura, Hideto Nakajima, Hiroki Tani, Takafumi Hosokawa, Shimon Ishida, Fumiharu Kimura, Kimihiko Kaneko, Toshiyuki Takahashi and Ichiro Nakashima

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:76

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  3. Content type: Case report

    The mortality of septicaemia, meningitis and encephalitis caused by Listeria monocytogenes is 20–40%. Twenty-one cases of invasive listeriosis associated with alemtuzumab, including at least 16 in patients with m...

    Authors: Trygve Holmøy, Hedda von der Lippe and Truls Michael Leegaard

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:65

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  4. Content type: Research article

    People with multiple sclerosis have high risk of osteoporosis and fractures. A poor vitamin D status is a risk factor for MS, and vitamin D supplementation has been recommended both to prevent MS progression a...

    Authors: Trygve Holmøy, Jonas Christoffer Lindstrøm, Erik Fink Eriksen, Linn Hofsøy Steffensen and Margitta T. Kampman

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:67

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  5. Content type: Study protocol

    Nocturia (the symptom of needing to wake up to pass urine) is common in progressive Multiple Sclerosis (MS) patients. Moderate-to-severe nocturia affects quality of life, can exacerbate fatigue and may affect ...

    Authors: D. Delgado, L. Canham, N. Cotterill, D. Cottrell, M. J. Drake, K. Inglis, D. Owen and P. White

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:63

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Multiple sclerosis (MS) patients often suffer from gait impairment and fampridine is indicated to medically improve walking ability in this population. Patient characteristics, healthcare resource use, and cos...

    Authors: Tjalf Ziemssen, Christine Prosser, Jennifer Scarlet Haas, Andrew Lee, Sebastian Braun, Pamela Landsman-Blumberg, Angela Kempel, Erika Gleißner, Sarita Patel and Ming-Yi Huang

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:62

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Continuation of interferon (IFN) β-based therapies is important for maximum treatment effectiveness in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS); however, few real-world data are available on discontinuation from ...

    Authors: Meritxell Sabidó-Espin and Rick Munschauer

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:57

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  8. Content type: Research article

    The Multiple Sclerosis Questionnaire for Physical Therapists (MSQPT) is a patient-rated outcome questionnaire for evaluating the rehabilitation of persons with multiple sclerosis (MS). Responsiveness was evalu...

    Authors: Nico Arie van der Maas

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:50

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Despite the high comorbidity of anxiety and depression in people with multiple sclerosis (MS), little is known about their inter-relationships. Both involve emotional perturbations and the way in which emotion...

    Authors: Marie-Claire Gay, Catherine Bungener, Sarah Thomas, Pierre Vrignaud, Peter W Thomas, Roger Baker, Sébastien Montel, Olivier Heinzlef, Caroline Papeix, Rana Assouad and Michèle Montreuil

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:43

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  10. Content type: Case report

    Hashimoto’s encephalitis (HE) is a rare neurological complication of Hashimoto’s thyroiditis (HT), while limbic encephalitis (LE) is an autoimmune inflammatory disorder frequently associated with anti-neuronal...

    Authors: Mingqin Zhu, Xuefan Yu, Caiyun Liu, Chenchen Duan, Chunxiao Li, Jie Zhu and Ying Zhang

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:37

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Subcutaneous peginterferon beta-1a has previously been shown to reduce the number of T2-hyperintense and gadolinium-enhancing (Gd+) lesions over 2 years in patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis ...

    Authors: Douglas L. Arnold, Peter A. Calabresi, Bernd C. Kieseier, Shifang Liu, Xiaojun You, Damian Fiore and Serena Hung

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:29

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  12. Content type: Research article

    The low level of disease activity and manageable safety profile seen with fingolimod versus placebo in a 6-month, phase 2, randomized controlled trial in Japanese patients with relapsing multiple sclerosis (MS...

    Authors: Takahiko Saida, Yasuto Itoyama, Seiji Kikuchi, Qi Hao, Takayoshi Kurosawa, Kengo Ueda, Lixin Zhang Auberson, Isao Tsumiyama, Kazuo Nagato and Jun-ichi Kira

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:17

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  13. Content type: Case report

    Longitudinally Extensive Transverse Myelitis LETM is a specific pattern of myelitis wherein at least three continuous vertebral segments are involved. Characteristically, it is a defining feature of neuromyeli...

    Authors: Rana Alnasser Alsukhni, Yasmin Aboras, Ziena Jriekh, Mahmoud Almalla and Ahmad Sheikh El-Kahwateya

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:13

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  14. Content type: Research article

    First dose observation for cardiac effects is required for fingolimod, but recommendations on the extent vary. This study aims to assess cardiac safety of fingolimod first dose. Individual bradyarrhythmic epis...

    Authors: Volker Limmroth, Tjalf Ziemssen, Michael Lang, Stephan Richter, Bert Wagner, Judith Haas, Stephan Schmidt, Kathrin Gerbershagen, Christoph Lassek, Luisa Klotz, Olaf Hoffmann, Christian Albert, Katrin Schuh, Monika Baier-Ebert, Guillaume Wendt, Heinke Schieb…

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:11

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Physical activity (PA) is frequently restricted in people with multiple sclerosis (PwMS) and aiming to enhance PA is considered beneficial in this population. We here aimed to explore two standard methods (sub...

    Authors: Theresa Krüger, Janina R. Behrens, Anuschka Grobelny, Karen Otte, Sebastian Mansow-Model, Bastian Kayser, Judith Bellmann-Strobl, Alexander U. Brandt, Friedemann Paul and Tanja Schmitz-Hübsch

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:10

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  16. Content type: Case report

    Anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) encephalitis is a clinically heterogeneous disorder characterized by epileptic seizures, psychosis, dyskinesia, consciousness impairments, and autonomic instability. ...

    Authors: Kaiyu Qin, Wenqing Wu, Yuming Huang, Dongmei Xu, Lei Zhang, Bowen Zheng, Meijuan Jiang, Cheng Kou, Junhua Gao, Wurong Li, Jinglin Zhang, Sumei Wang, Yanfei Luan, Chaoling Yan, Dan Xu and Xinmei Zheng

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:1

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Although disability is considered the main cause of low bone mineral density (BMD) in multiple sclerosis (MS), other factors related to the disease process or treatment could also be involved. The aim of this ...

    Authors: Cecilia Smith Simonsen, Elisabeth Gulowsen Celius, Cathrine Brunborg, Chantal Tallaksen, Erik Fink Eriksen, Trygve Holmøy and Stine Marit Moen

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2016 16:252

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic autoimmune disease characterized by inflammatory and neurodegenerative processes leading to irreversible neurological impairment. Brain atrophy occurs early in the course o...

    Authors: Raed Alroughani, Dirk Deleu, Khalid El Salem, Jasem Al-Hashel, K. John Alexander, Mohamed Assem Abdelrazek, Adel Aljishi, Jaber Alkhaboori, Faisal Al Azri, Nahida Al Zadjali, Majed Hbahbih, Tag Eldin Sokrab, Mohamed Said and Àlex Rovira

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2016 16:240

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