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BMC Neurology

Demyelinating diseases

Section edited by Francesco Patti and Tjalf Ziemssen

This section covers all types of demyelinating diseases. Topics of interest include, but are not limited to, multiple sclerosis, neuroimmunology, systemic lupus, vasculitis, lymphoma, and myelitis.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    Daclizumab is a humanized monoclonal antibody against CD25 that modulates interleukin 2 signaling. The SELECT TRILOGY of clinical studies (SELECT/SELECTION/SELECTED) evaluated the safety and efficacy of dacliz...

    Authors: Ralf Gold, Ernst-Wilhelm Radue, Gavin Giovannoni, Krzysztof Selmaj, Eva Havrdova, Dusan Stefoski, Till Sprenger, Xavier Montalban, Stanley Cohan, Kimberly Umans, Steven J. Greenberg, Gulden Ozen and Jacob Elkins

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2016 16:117

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  2. Content type: Research article

    To examine whether past and current reserve-related activities make the brain less susceptible to MS pathology (i.e., lesions or disease-related atrophy).

    Authors: Carolyn E. Schwartz, Michael G. Dwyer, Ralph Benedict, Bianca Weinstock-Guttman, Niels P. Bergsland, Jei Li, Murali Ramanathan and Robert Zivadinov

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2016 16:108

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  3. Content type: Study protocol

    Alemtuzumab, a humanized monoclonal antibody directed against the cell surface glycoprotein CD52, is licensed in Europe since October 2013 as treatment for adult patients with active relapsing-remitting multip...

    Authors: Tjalf Ziemssen, Ulrich Engelmann, Sigbert Jahn, Alexandra Leptich, Raimar Kern, Lina Hassoun and Katja Thomas

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2016 16:109

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  4. Content type: Research article

    This retrospective analysis explored prognostic factors associated with a benign multiple sclerosis (BMS) disease course at baseline and over the 4-year follow-up.

    Authors: Robert Zivadinov, Diane L. Cookfair, Lauren Krupp, Aaron E. Miller, Neil Lava, Patricia K. Coyle, Andrew D. Goodman, Burk Jubelt, Michael Lenihan, Joseph Herbert, Malcolm Gottesman, David H. Snyder, Brian R. Apatoff, Barbara E. Teter, Allan B. Perel, Frederick Munschauer…

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2016 16:102

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Patients suffering from several neurologic disorders may bear the “stigma” of their disease, being disqualified from full social acceptance. Although stigma is considered to be present in Multiple Sclerosis (M...

    Authors: Maria Anagnostouli, Serafeim Katsavos, Artemios Artemiadis, Markos Zacharis, Paraskevi Argyrou, Ilia Theotoka, Fotini Christidi, Ioannis Zalonis and Ioannis Liappas

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2016 16:101

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  6. Content type: Study protocol

    Natalizumab provides rapid and high-efficacy control of multiple sclerosis disease activity with long-term stabilization. However, the benefits of the drug are countered by a risk of developing progressive mul...

    Authors: Tjalf Ziemssen, Achim Gass, Jens Wuerfel, Antonios Bayas, Björn Tackenberg, Volker Limmroth, Ralf Linker, Mathias Mäurer, Judith Haas, Martin Stangel, Matthias Meergans, Olof Harlin and Hans-Peter Hartung

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2016 16:98

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  7. Content type: Research article

    In neuromyelitis optica (NMO), one of the underlying pathogenic mechanisms is the formation of antigen-antibody complexes which can trigger an inflammatory response by inducing the infiltration of neutrophils ...

    Authors: Tao Yang, Su Wang, Qi Zheng, Lei Wang, Qian Li, Mingyan Wei, Zongpan Du and Yongping Fan

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2016 16:96

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Functional biomarkers able to identify multiple sclerosis (MS) patients at high risk of fast disability progression are lacking. The aim of this study was to evaluate the ability of multimodal (upper and lower...

    Authors: Xavier Giffroy, Nathalie Maes, Adelin Albert, Pierre Maquet, Jean-Michel Crielaard and Dominique Dive

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2016 16:83

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  9. Content type: Study protocol

    In people with multiple sclerosis (MS) disabilities and limitations may negatively affect self-efficacy. Lowered self-efficacy has been associated with decreases in health-related quality of life, physical act...

    Authors: Peter Joseph Jongen, Marco Heerings, Rob Ruimschotel, Astrid Hussaarts, Silvia Evers, Lotte Duyverman, Joyce Valkenburg-Vissers, Job Cornelissen, Michel Bos, Maarten van Droffelaar, Wim A. Lemmens, Rogier Donders, Anneke van der Zande and Leo H. Visser

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2016 16:81

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  10. Content type: Research article

    The present study was carried out to evaluate cerebral perfusion in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients with a moderate to severe stage of disease. Some patients underwent hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) and bra...

    Authors: Mina Taghizadeh Asl, Reza Nemati, Negar Chabi, Hooman Salimipour, Iraj Nabipour and Majid Assadi

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2016 16:79

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Andrographis paniculata (A. paniculata), a medicinal plant, has shown anti-inflammatory, neuroprotective and antifibrotic effects in animal models as well as clinical efficacy in different studies, including an a...

    Authors: J. C. Bertoglio, M. Baumgartner, R. Palma, E. Ciampi, C. Carcamo, D. D. Cáceres, G. Acosta-Jamett, J. L. Hancke and R. A. Burgos

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2016 16:77

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  12. Content type: Debate

    Accumulating evidences from experimental, epidemiologic and clinical studies support the potential linkage between poor vitamin D status and the risk of developing Multiple Sclerosis (MS), as well as, an adver...

    Authors: Soodeh Razeghi Jahromi, Mohammad Ali Sahraian, Mansoureh Togha, Behnaz Sedighi, Vahid Shayegannejad, Alireza Nickseresht, Shahriar Nafissi, Niayesh Mohebbi, Nastran Majdinasab, Mohsen Foroughipour, Masoud Etemadifar, Nahid Beladi Moghadam, Hormoz Ayramlou, Fereshteh Ashtari and Shekoofe Alaie

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2016 16:76

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  13. Content type: Study protocol

    Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an incurable, unpredictable but typically progressive neurological condition. It is the most common cause of neurological disability in young adults. Within 15 years of diagnosis, ap...

    Authors: J. A. Freeman, W. Hendrie, S. Creanor, L. Jarrett, A. Barton, C. Green, J. Marsden, E. Rogers and J. Zajicek

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2016 16:62

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  14. Content type: Study protocol

    The management of multiple sclerosis (MS) is rapidly changing by the introduction of new and more effective disease-modifying agents. The importance of risk stratification was confirmed by results on disease p...

    Authors: Gustavo Saposnik, Angel Perez Sempere, Roula Raptis, Daniel Prefasi, Daniel Selchen and Jorge Maurino

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2016 16:58

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Reversible splenial lesion syndrome (RESLES) is a disorder radiologically characterized by reversible lesion in the splenium of the corpus callosum (SCC). Most of patients with RESLES associated with encephali...

    Authors: Yuanzhao Zhu, Junjun Zheng, Ling Zhang, Zhenguo Zeng, Min Zhu, Xiaobin Li, Xiaoliang Lou, Hui Wan and Daojun Hong

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2016 16:49

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  16. Content type: Review

    Leakage of the blood–brain barrier (BBB) is a common pathological feature in multiple sclerosis (MS). Following a breach of the BBB, albumin, the most abundant protein in plasma, gains access to CNS tissue whe...

    Authors: Steven M. LeVine

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2016 16:47

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