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BMC Neurology

Demyelinating diseases

Section edited by Francesco Patti and Tjalf Ziemssen

This section covers all types of demyelinating diseases. Topics of interest include, but are not limited to, multiple sclerosis, neuroimmunology, systemic lupus, vasculitis, lymphoma, and myelitis.

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  1. Content type: Study protocol

    Alemtuzumab (Lemtrada®) is a newly approved therapeutic agent for relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS). In previous phase II and III clinical trials, alemtuzumab has proven superior efficacy to subcut...

    Authors: Tobias Ruck, Ali Maisam Afzali, Karl-Friedrich Lukat, Maria Eveslage, Catharina C. Gross, Steffen Pfeuffer, Stefan Bittner, Luisa Klotz, Nico Melzer, Heinz Wiendl and Sven G. Meuth

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2016 16:34

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  2. Content type: Research article

    There is limited knowledge regarding how depressive symptoms and a cluster of specific mood symptoms in people with multiple sclerosis (MS) vary over time and how they are influenced by contributing factors. T...

    Authors: Sverker Johansson, Kristina Gottberg, Marie Kierkegaard and Charlotte Ytterberg

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2016 16:32

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  3. Content type: Research article

    People with multiple sclerosis (MS) are increasingly using the Internet in the daily management of their condition. They search for high-quality information in plain language, from independent sources, based o...

    Authors: Cinzia Colombo, Graziella Filippini, Anneliese Synnot, Sophie Hill, Roberta Guglielmino, Silvia Traversa, Paolo Confalonieri, Paola Mosconi and Irene Tramacere

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2016 16:30

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  4. Content type: Case report

    Leukoencephalopathy with calcifications and cysts (LCC or Labrune disease) is a relatively recently defined and exceptionally rare disease in which parenchymal cysts and calcifications within a widespread leuk...

    Authors: C. Stephani, S. Pfeifenbring, A. Mohr and C. Stadelmann

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2016 16:19

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  5. Content type: Study protocol

    Multiple Sclerosis has a great impact on psychological functioning of patients and can be associated with various mental health disorders and symptoms. The most prevalent one is depression, which ranges from 1...

    Authors: Sara Carletto, Martina Borghi, Diana Francone, Francesco Scavelli, Gabriella Bertino, Marco Cavallo, Simona Malucchi, Antonio Bertolotto, Francesco Oliva and Luca Ostacoli

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2016 16:7

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  6. Content type: Case report

    The evidence on the use of the oral dimethyl-fumarate after the discontinuation of treatment with natalizumab in people with Multiple Sclerosis is still little. Natalizumab discontinuation may induce the recur...

    Authors: Francesco Patti, Carmela Leone and Mario Zappia

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2015 15:252

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Cognitive deficits are common in multiple sclerosis (MS) and require continuous monitoring. In routine examinations, screening instruments such as the Brief Repeatable Battery (BRB) may serve this purpose. It ...

    Authors: Sascha Hansen, Jana Muenssinger, Simona Kronhofmann, Stefan Lautenbacher, Patrick Oschmann and Philipp M Keune

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2015 15:246

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Positron emission tomography (PET) images with amyloid tracers show normal uptake in healthy white matter, which suggests that amyloid tracers are potentially useful for studying such white matter diseases as ...

    Authors: Jordi A. Matías-Guiu, María Nieves Cabrera-Martín, Jorge Matías-Guiu, Celia Oreja-Guevara, Cristina Riola-Parada, Teresa Moreno-Ramos, Juan Arrazola and José Luis Carreras

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2015 15:243

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Interferon (IFN) beta-1a is an approved treatment for relapsing remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) and has been examined for use in secondary progressive multiple sclerosis (SPMS). However, no information reg...

    Authors: Michael Gurevich, Gadi Miron, Rina Zilkha Falb, David Magalashvili, Mark Dolev, Yael Stern and Anat Achiron

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2015 15:240

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  10. Content type: Research article

    We aimed to determine the association of clinical and routine cerebrospinal fluid biochemical markers (total protein, IgG index and oligoclonal bands) with disability in multiple sclerosis and whether these bi...

    Authors: Madlyne Becker, Clotilde Latarche, Emilie Roman, Marc Debouverie, Catherine Malaplate-Armand and Francis Guillemin

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2015 15:79

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Epidemiological studies describe a latitude gradient for increased MS prevalence and a preponderance of disease in Caucasian individuals. However, individuals from other ethnic backgrounds and low-risk regions...

    Authors: Richard S Nicholas, Vassiliki Kostadima, Maya Hanspal, Benjamin R Wakerley, Ruhena Sergeant, Saskia Decuypere, Omar Malik, Rosemary J Boyton and Daniel M Altmann

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2015 15:72

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Decision-making is an essential function of everyday life. Decision-making under explicit risk requires developing advantageous decision strategies based on fixed outcomes (e.g., probabilities of winning or lo...

    Authors: Ashley D Radomski, Christopher Power, Scot E Purdon, Derek J Emery, Gregg Blevins, Kenneth G Warren and Esther Fujiwara

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2015 15:61

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Neuropsychological batteries are infrequently used to assess cognitive impairment in multiple sclerosis because they are time-consuming and require trained personnel. The Symbol Digit Modalities Test (SDMT) is...

    Authors: Mariana López-Góngora, Luis Querol and Antonio Escartín

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2015 15:40

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  14. Content type: Research article

    People with multiple sclerosis (PwMS) endure walking limitations. To address this restriction, various physical rehabilitation programs have been implemented with no consensus regarding their efficacy. Our obj...

    Authors: Alon Kalron, Dalia Nitzani, David Magalashvili, Mark Dolev, Shay Menascu, Yael Stern, Uri Rosenblum, Diana Pasitselsky, Lior Frid, Gabi Zeilig, Caroline Barmatz, Uri Givon and Anat Achiron

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2015 15:21

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  15. Content type: Case report

    Pol III-related leukodystrophies, including 4H leukodystrophy, are recently recognized disorders that comprise hypomyelination and various neurologic and non-neurologic clinical manifestations. We report the u...

    Authors: Ana Potic, Vera Popovic, Jelena Ostojic, Sandra Pekic, Dusko Kozic, Kether Guerrero, Raphael Schiffmann and Geneviève Bernard

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2015 15:22

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  16. Content type: Case report

    Unusual presentations of multiple sclerosis (MS) at onset may post a diagnostic dilemma to the treating neurologists. Spinal myoclonus is rare in MS and may lead to perform extensive investigations to rule out...

    Authors: Raed Abdullah Alroughani, Samar Farouk Ahmed, Riyadh Ahmed Khan and Jasem Yousef Al-Hashel

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2015 15:15

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Subcutaneous peginterferon beta-1a provided clinical benefits at Year 1 (placebo-controlled period) of the 2-Year Phase 3 ADVANCE study in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS). Here we report the effe...

    Authors: Douglas L Arnold, Peter A Calabresi, Bernd C Kieseier, Sarah I Sheikh, Aaron Deykin, Ying Zhu, Shifang Liu, Xiaojun You, Bjoern Sperling and Serena Hung

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:240

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  18. Content type: Study protocol

    Exercise has consistently yielded short-term, positive effects on health outcomes in people with multiple sclerosis (MS). However, these effects have not been maintained in the long-term. Behaviour change inte...

    Authors: Susan Coote, Stephen Gallagher, Rachel Msetfi, Aidan Larkin, John Newell, Robert W Motl and Sara Hayes

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:241

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