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Movement disorders

This section covers all types and aspects of movement disorders. Topics of include, but are not limited to, Parkinson's Disease, transcranial magnetic stimulation, spasticity, dyskinesia, movement disorders, rehabilitation and spinal cord injury.

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  1. Progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) and parkinsonian variant of multiple system atrophy (MSA-P) are clinically difficult to differentiate from idiopathic Parkinson's disease (PD), particularly in the early st...

    Authors: Masahiko Suzuki, Masaya Hashimoto, Masayuki Yoshioka, Maiko Murakami, Keiichi Kawasaki and Mitsuyoshi Urashima

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2011 11:157

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Children diagnosed with spastic Cerebral Palsy (CP) often show perceptual and cognitive problems, which may contribute to their functional deficit. Here we investigated if altered ability to determine whether ...

    Authors: Anina Ritterband-Rosenbaum, Mark S Christensen, Mette Kliim-Due, Line Z Petersen, Betina Rasmussen and Jens B Nielsen

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2011 11:150

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Pure akinesia (PA) is a distinct form of parkinsonism characterized by freezing phenomena. Little is known about brain tumor-associated PA. We highlight the clinicoradiological changes in a patient with PA and...

    Authors: Susumu Ishihara, Osamu Kano, Ken Ikeda, Reiko Shimokawa, Kiyokazu Kawabe and Yasuo Iwasaki

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2011 11:137

    Content type: Case report

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  4. Low doses of dopamine agonists (DA) and levodopa are effective in the treatment of restless legs syndrome (RLS). A range of impulse control and compulsive behaviours (ICBs) have been reported following the use...

    Authors: Valerie Voon, Andrea Schoerling, Sascha Wenzel, Vindhya Ekanayake, Julia Reiff, Claudia Trenkwalder and Friederike Sixel-Döring

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2011 11:117

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Early initiation of pharmacotherapy in Parkinson's disease (PD) is nowadays widely advocated by experts since the delay of treatment has shown to be associated with a significant deterioration of health relate...

    Authors: Matthias Löhle and Heinz Reichmann

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2011 11:112

    Content type: Debate

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  6. A recent trial involving predominantly Caucasian subjects with Parkinson Disease (PD) showed switching overnight from an oral dopaminergic agonist to the rotigotine patch was well tolerated without loss of eff...

    Authors: Han-Joon Kim, Beom S Jeon, Won Yong Lee, Myoung Chong Lee, Jae Woo Kim, Jong-Min Kim, Tae-Beom Ahn, Jinwhan Cho, Sun Ju Chung, Frank Grieger, John Whitesides and Babak Boroojerdi

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2011 11:100

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Studies in animals suggest that the noradrenergic system arising from the locus coeruleus (LC) and dopaminergic pathways mutually influence each other. Little is known however, about the functional state of th...

    Authors: Ioannis U Isaias, Giorgio Marotta, Gianni Pezzoli, Osama Sabri, Johannes Schwarz, Paolo Crenna, Joseph Classen and Paolo Cavallari

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2011 11:88

    Content type: Research article

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  8. The evidence for associations between occupational factors and the risk of Parkinson's disease (PD) is inconsistent. We assessed the risk of PD associated with various occupational factors in Japan.

    Authors: Keiko Tanaka, Yoshihiro Miyake, Wakaba Fukushima, Satoshi Sasaki, Chikako Kiyohara, Yoshio Tsuboi, Tatsuo Yamada, Tomoko Oeda, Takami Miki, Nobutoshi Kawamura, Nobutaka Sakae, Hidenao Fukuyama, Yoshio Hirota and Masaki Nagai

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2011 11:83

    Content type: Case control study

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  9. Neuroregeneration is a relatively recent concept that includes neurogenesis, neuroplasticity, and neurorestoration - implantation of viable cells as a therapeutical approach.

    Authors: Ana M Enciu, Mihnea I Nicolescu, Catalin G Manole, Dafin F Mureşanu, Laurenţiu M Popescu and Bogdan O Popescu

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2011 11:75

    Content type: Debate

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  10. Although the soleus (Sol), medial gastrocnemius (MG), and lateral gastrocnemius (LG) muscles differ in function, composition, and innervations, it is a common practice is to investigate them as single H-reflex...

    Authors: Hesham N Alrowayeh, Mohamed A Sabbahi and Bruce Etnyre

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2011 11:65

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS) came to attention in the 1980s, but initial investigations did not find organic causes. Now decades later, the etiology of CFS has yet to be understood, and the role of genetic p...

    Authors: Frederick Albright, Kathleen Light, Alan Light, Lucinda Bateman and Lisa A Cannon-Albright

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2011 11:62

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Frontotemporal lobar degeneration with ubiquitin and TDP-43 positive neuronal inclusions represents a novel entity (FTLD-TDP) that may be associated with motor neuron disease (FTLD-MND); involvement of extrapy...

    Authors: Robert Rusina, Gabor G Kovacs, Jindřich Fiala, Jakub Hort, Petr Ridzoň, Iva Holmerová, Thomas Ströbel and Radoslav Matěj

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2011 11:50

    Content type: Case report

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  13. Because of the subjective nature of Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS) symptoms and the impact of these symptoms on sleep, patient-reported outcomes (PROs) play a prominent role as study endpoints in clinical trials...

    Authors: Daniel M Canafax, Abhijeet Bhanegaonkar, Murtuza Bharmal and Michael Calloway

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2011 11:48

    Content type: Research article

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  14. In idiopathic Parkinson's disease (PD) the clinical features are heterogeneous and include different predominant symptoms. The aim of the present study was to determine the relationship between subregional aro...

    Authors: Sayaka Asari, Ken-ichi Fujimoto, Akihiro Miyauchi, Toshihiko Sato, Imaharu Nakano and Shin-ichi Muramatsu

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2011 11:35

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a neurological disorder with a lifetime prevalence of 3-10%. in European studies. However, the diagnosis of RLS in primary care remains low and mistreatment is common.

    Authors: Diego Garcia-Borreguero, Paul Stillman, Heike Benes, Heiner Buschmann, K Ray Chaudhuri, Victor M Gonzalez Rodríguez, Birgit Högl, Ralf Kohnen, Giorgio Carlo Monti, Karin Stiasny-Kolster, Claudia Trenkwalder, Anne-Marie Williams and Marco Zucconi

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2011 11:28

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Various functional resonance imaging, magnetoencephalographic and lesion studies suggest the involvement of the insular cortex in the control of swallowing. However, the exact location of insular activation du...

    Authors: Peter Sörös, Faisal Al-Otaibi, Savio WH Wong, J Kevin Shoemaker, Seyed M Mirsattari, Vladimir Hachinski and Ruth E Martin

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2011 11:20

    Content type: Case report

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  17. The clinical presentation in progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP), an atypical parkinsonian disorder, includes varying degrees of frontal dysexecutive symptoms. Using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) and tractog...

    Authors: Pia Kvickström, Bengt Eriksson, Danielle van Westen, Jimmy Lätt, Christina Elfgren and Christer Nilsson

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2011 11:13

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Parkinson's disease (PD) patients have an increased risk of under-nutrition, but we are unaware of any population based prevalence studies of under-nutrition in PD. The main objective of this study was to iden...

    Authors: Ahmed F Jaafar, William K Gray, Bob Porter, Elizabeth J Turnbull and Richard W Walker

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2010 10:124

    Content type: Research article

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  19. We report on the case of an established perinuclear antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (pANCA) associated renal vasculitis being treated with prednisolone and rituximab, where the patient presented with leg w...

    Authors: Alexander J Hamilton, Duncan J Whitehead, Matthew D Bull and Richard J D'Souza

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2010 10:118

    Content type: Case report

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  20. Although some epidemiologic studies found inverse associations between alcohol drinking and Parkinson's disease (PD), the majority of studies found no such significant associations. Additionally, there is only...

    Authors: Wakaba Fukushima, Yoshihiro Miyake, Keiko Tanaka, Satoshi Sasaki, Chikako Kiyohara, Yoshio Tsuboi, Tatsuo Yamada, Tomoko Oeda, Takami Miki, Nobutoshi Kawamura, Nobutaka Sakae, Hidenao Fukuyama, Yoshio Hirota and Masaki Nagai

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2010 10:111

    Content type: Research article

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