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BMC Neurology

Neurocritical care

Section edited by Andreas Meisel

This section covers life-threatening diseases of the central or peripheral nervous systems. Topics include, but are not limited to, coma, status epilepticus, intracranial hemorrhages, neurotrauma, delirium, metabolic encephalopathies, severe stroke, anoxic-ischemic encephalopathy, central nervous system infections and inflammations, Guillain-Barre syndrome, myasthenia gravis crises, intoxications and withdrawal states.

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  1. Content type: Technical advance

    Rapidly determining the causes of a depressed level of consciousness (DLOC) including coma is a common clinical challenge. Quantitative analysis of the electroencephalogram (EEG) has the potential to improve D...

    Authors: MohammadMehdi Kafashan, Shoko Ryu, Mitchell J. Hargis, Osvaldo Laurido-Soto, Debra E. Roberts, Akshay Thontakudi, Lawrence Eisenman, Terrance T. Kummer and ShiNung Ching

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:197

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  2. Content type: Research article

    A unified clinical approach to diagnose autoimmune encephalitis was published in Lancet Neurology in 2016. Purpose of our study is to examine the feasibility and reasonability of the 2016 “A clinical approach to ...

    Authors: Lin Li, Lin Sun, Rong Du, Yuanchu Zheng, Feifei Dai, Qiuying Ma and Jiawei Wang

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:195

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Ultrasonograpic retrobulbar optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) measurement is considered to be an alternative noninvasive method to estimate intracranial pressure,but the further validation is urgently needed....

    Authors: Dachuan Liu, Zhen Li, Xuxiang Zhang, Liping Zhao, Jianping Jia, Fei Sun, Yaxing Wang, Daqing Ma and Wenbin Wei

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:188

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  4. Content type: Case report

    Cryptococcal meningoencephalitis (CM) causes cerebral infarction, typically, lacunar infarction in the basal ganglia. However, massive cerebral infarction leading to death is rare and its pathophysiology is un...

    Authors: Yoshiteru Shimoda, Satoru Ohtomo, Hiroaki Arai, Takashi Ohtoh and Teiji Tominaga

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:157

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  5. Content type: Case report

    Uremic Encephalopathy (UE) is a neurological complication associated with acute or chronic renal failure. Imaging findings of UE may present involvement of the basal ganglia, cortical or subcortical regions, a...

    Authors: Li-jing Jia, Zhen-zhen Qu, Xue-qian Zhang, Yu-juan Tian and Ying Wang

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:154

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  6. Content type: Case report

    Lumbar puncture is often used for the diagnosis and treatment of subarchnoid hemorrhage, infection of Cerebro-spinal Fluid (CSF), hydrocephalus in neurosurgery department patients. It is general that paradoxic...

    Authors: Liang Shen, Sheng Qiu, Zhongzhou Su, Xudong Ma and Renfu Yan

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:147

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Circulating levels of melatonin in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) have been determined in a little number of studies with small sample size (highest sample size of 37 patients) and only were report...

    Authors: Leonardo Lorente, María M. Martín, Pedro Abreu-González, Antonia Pérez-Cejas, Luis Ramos, Mónica Argueso, Jordi Solé-Violán, Juan J. Cáceres, Alejandro Jiménez and Victor García-Marín

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:138

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  8. Content type: Research article

    HIV-infected persons with detectable cryptococcal antigen (CrAg) in blood have increased morbidity and mortality compared with HIV-infected persons who are CrAg-negative. This study examined neurocognitive fun...

    Authors: Martha P. Montgomery, Noeline Nakasujja, Bozena M. Morawski, Radha Rajasingham, Joshua Rhein, Elizabeth Nalintya, Darlisha A. Williams, Kathy Huppler Hullsiek, Agnes Kiragga, Melissa A. Rolfes, Renee Donahue Carlson, Nathan C. Bahr, Kate E. Birkenkamp, Yukari C. Manabe, Paul R. Bohjanen, Jonathan E. Kaplan…

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:110

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Patients with traumatic brain injury often have balance and attentive disorders. Video game therapy (VGT) has been proposed as a new intervention to improve mobility and attention through a reward-learning app...

    Authors: Sofia Straudi, Giacomo Severini, Amira Sabbagh Charabati, Claudia Pavarelli, Giulia Gamberini, Anna Scotti and Nino Basaglia

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:86

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  10. Content type: Case report

    Dengue encephalitis is a rare neurological manifestation of dengue fever. Its clinical presentation is similar to other viral encephalitides and encephalopathy. No single specific finding on magnetic resonance...

    Authors: Ravindra Kumar Garg, Imran Rizvi, Rajan Ingole, Amita Jain, Hardeep Singh Malhotra, Neeraj Kumar and Dhruv Batra

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:79

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Colonization or infection with multi-drug resistant (MDR) bacteria is considered detrimental to the outcome of neurological and neurosurgical early rehabilitation patients.

    Authors: J. D. Rollnik, M. Bertram, C. Bucka, M. Hartwich, M. Jöbges, G. Ketter, B. Leineweber, M. Mertl-Rötzer, D. A. Nowak, T. Platz, K. Scheidtmann, R. Thomas, F. von Rosen, C. W. Wallesch, H. Woldag, P. Peschel…

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:53

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  12. Content type: Technical advance

    Attempts at measuring quality of rehabilitation care are hampered by a gap in knowledge translation of evidence-based approaches and lack of consensus on best practices. However, adoption of evidence-based bes...

    Authors: Librada Callender, Rachel Brown, Simon Driver, Marie Dahdah, Ashley Collinsworth and Shahid Shafi

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:54

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  13. Content type: Research article

    In recent years, multilevel spinal cord injuries (SCIs) have gained a substantial amount of attention from clinicians and researchers. Multilevel noncontinuous SCI patients cannot undergo the multiple steps of...

    Authors: Chaohua Yang, Baoqing Yu, Fenfen Ma, Huiping Lu, Jianmin Huang, Qinghua You, Bin Yu, Jianlan Qiao and Jianjun Feng

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:44

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  14. Content type: Case report

    Clinical reasoning in Neurology is based on general associations which help to deduce the site of the lesion. However, even “golden principles” may occasionally be deceptive. Here, we describe the case of suba...

    Authors: Daniel Zeller, Anke Heidemeier, Götz Ulrich Grigoleit and Wolfgang Müllges

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:31

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Evidence of reliable smooth visual pursuit is crucial for both diagnosis and prognosis in prolonged disorders of consciousness (PDOC). However, a mirror is more likely than an object to elicit evidence of smoo...

    Authors: Damian Cruse, Marco Fattizzo, Adrian M. Owen and Davinia Fernández-Espejo

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2017 17:14

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  16. Content type: Case report

    Clostridium septicum is a rare cause of meningitis and brain abscess in children and adults. Gas production by the pathogen can lead to pneumocephalus and the overall mortality rate of Clostridium septicum CNS in...

    Authors: Kosmas Macha, Antje Giede-Jeppe, Hannes Lücking, Roland Coras, Hagen B. Huttner and Jürgen Held

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2016 16:239

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  17. Content type: Research article

    The “Status Epilepticus Severity Score” (STESS) is the most important clinical score to predict in-hospital mortality of patients with status epilepticus (SE), but its prognostic relevance for long-term surviv...

    Authors: Preben Aukland, Martin Lando, Ole Vilholm, Elsebeth Bruun Christiansen and Christoph Patrick Beier

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2016 16:213

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  18. Content type: Research article

    The Qatari law, as in many other countries, uses brain death as the main criteria for organ donation and cessation of medical support. By contrast, most of the public in Qatar do not agree with the limitation ...

    Authors: Saibu George, Merlin Thomas, Wanis H. Ibrahim, Ahmed Abdussalam, Prem Chandra, Husain Shabbir Ali and Tasleem Raza

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2016 16:207

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