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BMC Neurology

Neurocritical care

Section edited by Andreas Meisel

This section covers life-threatening diseases of the central or peripheral nervous systems. Topics include, but are not limited to, coma, status epilepticus, intracranial hemorrhages, neurotrauma, delirium, metabolic encephalopathies, severe stroke, anoxic-ischemic encephalopathy, central nervous system infections and inflammations, Guillain-Barre syndrome, myasthenia gravis crises, intoxications and withdrawal states.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    Although healthcare administrative data are commonly used for traumatic brain injury (TBI) research, there is currently no consensus or consistency on the International Classification of Diseases Version 10 (I...

    Authors: Vincy Chan, Pravheen Thurairajah and Angela Colantonio

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2015 15:7

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Central fever (CF) is defined as elevated temperature with no identifiable cause. We aimed to identify risk factors for developing CF among patients with spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) and to evalu...

    Authors: Asaf Honig, Samer Michael, Ruth Eliahou and Ronen R Leker

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2015 15:6

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  3. Content type: Case report

    Castleman’s disease is a rare lymphoproliferative disorder which occurs in localized and multicentric forms and can mimic lymphoma. Despite its well-known association with certain autoimmune diseases, includin...

    Authors: Vikram R Rao, Leland E Lim, Dean Fong, Nina I Garga and Karen L Parko

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2015 15:4

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  4. Content type: Research article

    The authors evaluated the impact of morphological and hemodynamic factors on the rupture of matched-pairs of ruptured-unruptured intracranial aneurysms on one patient’s ipsilateral anterior circulation with 3D...

    Authors: Ying Zhang, Xinjian Yang, Yang Wang, Jian Liu, Chuanhui Li, Linkai Jing, Shengzhang Wang and Haiyun Li

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:253

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  5. Content type: Case report

    Elevated intracranial pressure from cerebral edema is the major cause of early mortality in acute stroke. Current treatment strategies to limit cerebral edema are not particularly effective. Some novel anti-ed...

    Authors: Vishnumurthy Shushrutha Hedna, Sharathchandra Bidari, David Gubernick, Saeed Ansari, Irawan Satriotomo, Asif A Khan and Adnan I Qureshi

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:213

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Seizures are one of the most important neurologic complications of human immuno-deficiency virus (HIV)-negative cryptococcal meningitis. A better understanding of the risk associated factors can help predict t...

    Authors: Chih-Wei Hung, Wen-Neng Chang, Chia-Te Kung, Nai-Wen Tsai, Hung-Chen Wang, Wei-Che Lin, Chi-Ren Huang, Chih-Cheng Huang, Wan-Chen Tsai, Hsueh-Wen Chang, Yu-Jih Su, Yu-Jun Lin, Ben-Chung Cheng, Ya-Ting Chang, Chih-Min Su and Cheng-Hsien Lu

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:208

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  7. Content type: Study protocol

    Electroencephalography (EEG) is widely used to assess neurological prognosis in patients who are comatose after cardiac arrest, but its value is limited by varying definitions of pathological patterns and by i...

    Authors: Erik Westhall, Ingmar Rosén, Andrea O Rossetti, Anne-Fleur van Rootselaar, Troels Wesenberg Kjaer, Janneke Horn, Susann Ullén, Hans Friberg, Niklas Nielsen and Tobias Cronberg

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:159

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  8. Content type: Case report

    Meningeal carcinomatosis and hypercoagulability associated with malignancy are typical late stage complications in cancer patients. The co-occurrence of meningeal carcinomatosis and cerebral infarction related...

    Authors: Akiko Kawasaki, Keisuke Suzuki, Hidehiro Takekawa, Toshiki Nakamura, Masanari Yamamoto, Yohei Asakawa, Madoka Okamura and Koichi Hirata

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:160

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  9. Content type: Research article

    The cognitive consequences of carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning are well described. However, most studies have been carried out without an ad-hoc group of control subjects. The main aim of this study was to evalu...

    Authors: Bérengère Pages, Mélanie Planton, Sophie Buys, Béatrice Lemesle, Philippe Birmes, Emmanuel Joseph Barbeau, Stéphanie Maziero, Laurie Cordier, Claudine Cabot, Michèle Puel, Michèle Genestal, François Chollet and Jérémie Pariente

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:153

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Visual fixation plays a key role in the differentiation between vegetative state/unresponsive wakefulness (VS/UWS) syndrome and minimally conscious state (MCS). However, the use of different stimuli changes th...

    Authors: Haibo Di, Yunzhi Nie, Xiaohua Hu, Yong Tong, Lizette Heine, Sarah Wannez, Wangshan Huang, Dan Yu, Minhui He, Aurore Thibaut, Caroline Schnakers and Steven Laureys

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:147

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  11. Content type: Study protocol

    The number of patients with cognitive impairment after sepsis or septic shock is high. However, the underlying neurophysiological basis of sepsis induced cognitive impairment is not fully understood.

    Authors: Theresa Götz, Albrecht Günther, Otto W Witte, Frank M Brunkhorst, Gundula Seidel and Farsin Hamzei

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:145

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Pathogenic autoantibodies targeting the recently identified leucine rich glioma inactivated 1 protein and the subunit 1 of the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor induce autoimmune encephalitis. A comparison of brai...

    Authors: Florian Wegner, Florian Wilke, Peter Raab, Said Ben Tayeb, Anna-Lena Boeck, Cathleen Haense, Corinna Trebst, Elke Voss, Christoph Schrader, Frank Logemann, Jörg Ahrens, Andreas Leffler, Rea Rodriguez-Raecke, Reinhard Dengler, Lilli Geworski, Frank M Bengel…

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:136

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  13. Content type: Case report

    Escherichia coli (E. coli) is the most common causative bacteria of neonatal meningitis, but hematogenous intracranial E. coli infection is rare in adults. Moreover, intracranial abscess formation owing to E. co...

    Authors: Nobuhiro Akuzawa, Tenshi Osawa, Masayuki Totsuka, Takashi Hatori, Kunihiko Imai, Yonosuke Kitahara and Masahiko Kurabayashi

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:130

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Physicians treating patients in the vegetative state (VS) must deal with uncertainty in diagnosis and prognosis, as well as ethical issues. We examined whether physicians’ attitudes toward medical and ethical ...

    Authors: Katja Kuehlmeyer, Nicole Palmour, Richard J Riopelle, James L Bernat, Ralf J Jox and Eric Racine

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:119

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  15. Content type: Case report

    Hyponatremia has been reported from patients with severe neurological disease, and the syndrome of inappropriate secretion of antidiuretic hormone and cerebral salt wasting syndrome are the two main etiologies...

    Authors: Jeong-Min Kim, Kwang-Yeol Park, Do Hyoung Kim, Jae-Han Bae, Dong-Woo Shin, Young Chul Youn and Oh-Sang Kwon

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:111

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  16. Content type: Study protocol

    To describe the design of the study aiming to examine intensive targeted cognitive rehabilitation of attention in the acute (<4 months) and subacute rehabilitation phases (4–12 months) after acquired brain inj...

    Authors: Aniko Bartfai, Gabriela Markovic, Kristina Sargenius Landahl and Marie-Louise Schult

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:102

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