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Neurocritical care

Section edited by Andreas Meisel

This section covers life-threatening diseases of the central or peripheral nervous systems. Topics include, but are not limited to, coma, status epilepticus, intracranial hemorrhages, neurotrauma, delirium, metabolic encephalopathies, severe stroke, anoxic-ischemic encephalopathy, central nervous system infections and inflammations, Guillain-Barre syndrome, myasthenia gravis crises, intoxications and withdrawal states.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    Seizures are one of the most important neurologic complications of human immuno-deficiency virus (HIV)-negative cryptococcal meningitis. A better understanding of the risk associated factors can help predict t...

    Authors: Chih-Wei Hung, Wen-Neng Chang, Chia-Te Kung, Nai-Wen Tsai, Hung-Chen Wang, Wei-Che Lin, Chi-Ren Huang, Chih-Cheng Huang, Wan-Chen Tsai, Hsueh-Wen Chang, Yu-Jih Su, Yu-Jun Lin, Ben-Chung Cheng, Ya-Ting Chang, Chih-Min Su and Cheng-Hsien Lu

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:208

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  2. Content type: Study protocol

    Electroencephalography (EEG) is widely used to assess neurological prognosis in patients who are comatose after cardiac arrest, but its value is limited by varying definitions of pathological patterns and by i...

    Authors: Erik Westhall, Ingmar Rosén, Andrea O Rossetti, Anne-Fleur van Rootselaar, Troels Wesenberg Kjaer, Janneke Horn, Susann Ullén, Hans Friberg, Niklas Nielsen and Tobias Cronberg

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:159

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  3. Content type: Case report

    Meningeal carcinomatosis and hypercoagulability associated with malignancy are typical late stage complications in cancer patients. The co-occurrence of meningeal carcinomatosis and cerebral infarction related...

    Authors: Akiko Kawasaki, Keisuke Suzuki, Hidehiro Takekawa, Toshiki Nakamura, Masanari Yamamoto, Yohei Asakawa, Madoka Okamura and Koichi Hirata

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:160

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  4. Content type: Research article

    The cognitive consequences of carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning are well described. However, most studies have been carried out without an ad-hoc group of control subjects. The main aim of this study was to evalu...

    Authors: Bérengère Pages, Mélanie Planton, Sophie Buys, Béatrice Lemesle, Philippe Birmes, Emmanuel Joseph Barbeau, Stéphanie Maziero, Laurie Cordier, Claudine Cabot, Michèle Puel, Michèle Genestal, François Chollet and Jérémie Pariente

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:153

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Visual fixation plays a key role in the differentiation between vegetative state/unresponsive wakefulness (VS/UWS) syndrome and minimally conscious state (MCS). However, the use of different stimuli changes th...

    Authors: Haibo Di, Yunzhi Nie, Xiaohua Hu, Yong Tong, Lizette Heine, Sarah Wannez, Wangshan Huang, Dan Yu, Minhui He, Aurore Thibaut, Caroline Schnakers and Steven Laureys

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:147

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  6. Content type: Study protocol

    The number of patients with cognitive impairment after sepsis or septic shock is high. However, the underlying neurophysiological basis of sepsis induced cognitive impairment is not fully understood.

    Authors: Theresa Götz, Albrecht Günther, Otto W Witte, Frank M Brunkhorst, Gundula Seidel and Farsin Hamzei

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:145

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Pathogenic autoantibodies targeting the recently identified leucine rich glioma inactivated 1 protein and the subunit 1 of the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor induce autoimmune encephalitis. A comparison of brai...

    Authors: Florian Wegner, Florian Wilke, Peter Raab, Said Ben Tayeb, Anna-Lena Boeck, Cathleen Haense, Corinna Trebst, Elke Voss, Christoph Schrader, Frank Logemann, Jörg Ahrens, Andreas Leffler, Rea Rodriguez-Raecke, Reinhard Dengler, Lilli Geworski, Frank M Bengel…

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:136

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  8. Content type: Case report

    Escherichia coli (E. coli) is the most common causative bacteria of neonatal meningitis, but hematogenous intracranial E. coli infection is rare in adults. Moreover, intracranial abscess formation owing to E. co...

    Authors: Nobuhiro Akuzawa, Tenshi Osawa, Masayuki Totsuka, Takashi Hatori, Kunihiko Imai, Yonosuke Kitahara and Masahiko Kurabayashi

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:130

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Physicians treating patients in the vegetative state (VS) must deal with uncertainty in diagnosis and prognosis, as well as ethical issues. We examined whether physicians’ attitudes toward medical and ethical ...

    Authors: Katja Kuehlmeyer, Nicole Palmour, Richard J Riopelle, James L Bernat, Ralf J Jox and Eric Racine

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:119

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  10. Content type: Case report

    Hyponatremia has been reported from patients with severe neurological disease, and the syndrome of inappropriate secretion of antidiuretic hormone and cerebral salt wasting syndrome are the two main etiologies...

    Authors: Jeong-Min Kim, Kwang-Yeol Park, Do Hyoung Kim, Jae-Han Bae, Dong-Woo Shin, Young Chul Youn and Oh-Sang Kwon

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:111

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  11. Content type: Study protocol

    To describe the design of the study aiming to examine intensive targeted cognitive rehabilitation of attention in the acute (<4 months) and subacute rehabilitation phases (4–12 months) after acquired brain inj...

    Authors: Aniko Bartfai, Gabriela Markovic, Kristina Sargenius Landahl and Marie-Louise Schult

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:102

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  12. Content type: Research article

    We sought to characterize the cognitive function and neuropsychiatric symptoms in cerebral radionecrosis (CRN) patients who have received conformal radiation for nasopharyngeal carcinoma.

    Authors: Xiaohong Wu, Mofa Gu, Guijuan Zhou, Xue Xu, Mengmeng Wu and Haiwei Huang

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:10

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) is an important global public health problem made all the more important by the increased likelihood of disability following a hospital admission for TBI. Understanding those group...

    Authors: Tara Shivaji, Andrew Lee, Nadine Dougall, Thomas McMillan and Cameron Stark

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:2

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  14. Content type: Case report

    TNFα blockers have drastically improved rheumatoid arthritis prognosis by preventing joint destruction in DMARD resistant patients. Altering cytokine balance in immune diseases may expose to paradoxical advers...

    Authors: Cécile-Audrey Durel, Elodie Feurer, Jean-Baptiste Pialat, Emilie Berthoux, Roland D Chapurlat and Cyrille B Confavreux

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2013 13:212

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Quantification of the optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) by transbulbar sonography is a promising non-invasive technique for the detection of altered intracranial pressure. In order to establish this method as...

    Authors: Jochen Bäuerle, Florian Schuchardt, Laure Schroeder, Karl Egger, Matthias Weigel and Andreas Harloff

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2013 13:187

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  16. Content type: Study protocol

    Infections are the leading cause of death in the acute phase following spinal cord injury and qualify as independent risk factor for poor neurological outcome (“disease modifying factor”). The enhanced suscept...

    Authors: Marcel A Kopp, Claudia Druschel, Christian Meisel, Thomas Liebscher, Erik Prilipp, Ralf Watzlawick, Paolo Cinelli, Andreas Niedeggen, Klaus-Dieter Schaser, Guido A Wanner, Armin Curt, Gertraut Lindemann, Natalia Nugaeva, Michael G Fehlings, Peter Vajkoczy, Mario Cabraja…

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2013 13:168

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  17. Content type: Research article

    A visual pursuit response is reportedly observed in ~20-30% of subjects in vegetative state (VS/UWS) and predicts better outcome; it is a key marker of evolution into the minimally conscious state (MCS). The p...

    Authors: Francesco Riganello, Maria D Cortese, Giuliano Dolce and Walter G Sannita

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2013 13:164

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  18. Content type: Study protocol

    Axonal damage in large myelinated nerve fibres occurs in about 70% of patients with severe sepsis, known as critical illness polyneuropathy and contributes significantly to an increased short- and long-term mo...

    Authors: Hubertus Axer, Alexander Grimm, Christine Porzelius, Ulrike Teschner, Ulrike Schumacher, Otto W Witte and Frank M Brunkhorst

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2013 13:159

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