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Neurocritical care

Section edited by Andreas Meisel

This section covers life-threatening diseases of the central or peripheral nervous systems. Topics include, but are not limited to, coma, status epilepticus, intracranial hemorrhages, neurotrauma, delirium, metabolic encephalopathies, severe stroke, anoxic-ischemic encephalopathy, central nervous system infections and inflammations, Guillain-Barre syndrome, myasthenia gravis crises, intoxications and withdrawal states.

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  1. Escherichia coli (E. coli) is the most common causative bacteria of neonatal meningitis, but hematogenous intracranial E. coli infection is rare in adults. Moreover, intracranial abscess formation owing to E. co...

    Authors: Nobuhiro Akuzawa, Tenshi Osawa, Masayuki Totsuka, Takashi Hatori, Kunihiko Imai, Yonosuke Kitahara and Masahiko Kurabayashi

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:130

    Content type: Case report

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  2. Physicians treating patients in the vegetative state (VS) must deal with uncertainty in diagnosis and prognosis, as well as ethical issues. We examined whether physicians’ attitudes toward medical and ethical ...

    Authors: Katja Kuehlmeyer, Nicole Palmour, Richard J Riopelle, James L Bernat, Ralf J Jox and Eric Racine

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:119

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Hyponatremia has been reported from patients with severe neurological disease, and the syndrome of inappropriate secretion of antidiuretic hormone and cerebral salt wasting syndrome are the two main etiologies...

    Authors: Jeong-Min Kim, Kwang-Yeol Park, Do Hyoung Kim, Jae-Han Bae, Dong-Woo Shin, Young Chul Youn and Oh-Sang Kwon

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:111

    Content type: Case report

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  4. To describe the design of the study aiming to examine intensive targeted cognitive rehabilitation of attention in the acute (<4 months) and subacute rehabilitation phases (4–12 months) after acquired brain inj...

    Authors: Aniko Bartfai, Gabriela Markovic, Kristina Sargenius Landahl and Marie-Louise Schult

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:102

    Content type: Study protocol

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  5. We sought to characterize the cognitive function and neuropsychiatric symptoms in cerebral radionecrosis (CRN) patients who have received conformal radiation for nasopharyngeal carcinoma.

    Authors: Xiaohong Wu, Mofa Gu, Guijuan Zhou, Xue Xu, Mengmeng Wu and Haiwei Huang

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:10

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) is an important global public health problem made all the more important by the increased likelihood of disability following a hospital admission for TBI. Understanding those group...

    Authors: Tara Shivaji, Andrew Lee, Nadine Dougall, Thomas McMillan and Cameron Stark

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:2

    Content type: Research article

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  7. TNFα blockers have drastically improved rheumatoid arthritis prognosis by preventing joint destruction in DMARD resistant patients. Altering cytokine balance in immune diseases may expose to paradoxical advers...

    Authors: Cécile-Audrey Durel, Elodie Feurer, Jean-Baptiste Pialat, Emilie Berthoux, Roland D Chapurlat and Cyrille B Confavreux

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2013 13:212

    Content type: Case report

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  8. Quantification of the optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) by transbulbar sonography is a promising non-invasive technique for the detection of altered intracranial pressure. In order to establish this method as...

    Authors: Jochen Bäuerle, Florian Schuchardt, Laure Schroeder, Karl Egger, Matthias Weigel and Andreas Harloff

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2013 13:187

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Infections are the leading cause of death in the acute phase following spinal cord injury and qualify as independent risk factor for poor neurological outcome (“disease modifying factor”). The enhanced suscept...

    Authors: Marcel A Kopp, Claudia Druschel, Christian Meisel, Thomas Liebscher, Erik Prilipp, Ralf Watzlawick, Paolo Cinelli, Andreas Niedeggen, Klaus-Dieter Schaser, Guido A Wanner, Armin Curt, Gertraut Lindemann, Natalia Nugaeva, Michael G Fehlings, Peter Vajkoczy, Mario Cabraja…

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2013 13:168

    Content type: Study protocol

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  10. A visual pursuit response is reportedly observed in ~20-30% of subjects in vegetative state (VS/UWS) and predicts better outcome; it is a key marker of evolution into the minimally conscious state (MCS). The p...

    Authors: Francesco Riganello, Maria D Cortese, Giuliano Dolce and Walter G Sannita

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2013 13:164

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Axonal damage in large myelinated nerve fibres occurs in about 70% of patients with severe sepsis, known as critical illness polyneuropathy and contributes significantly to an increased short- and long-term mo...

    Authors: Hubertus Axer, Alexander Grimm, Christine Porzelius, Ulrike Teschner, Ulrike Schumacher, Otto W Witte and Frank M Brunkhorst

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2013 13:159

    Content type: Study protocol

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  12. Data on encephalitis in Thailand have not been completely described. Etiologies remain largely unknown. We prospectively analyzed 103 Thai patients from 27 provinces for the causes of encephalitis using clinic...

    Authors: Abhinbhen Saraya, Aekkapol Mahavihakanont, Shanop Shuangshoti, Nuntaporn Sittidetboripat, Tayard Deesudchit, Michael Callahan, Supaporn Wacharapluesadee, Henry Wilde and Thiravat Hemachudha

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2013 13:150

    Content type: Research article

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  13. This work aims to add evidence and provide an update on the classification and diagnosis of monoclonal immunoglobulin deposition disease (MIDD) and primary central nervous system low-grade lymphomas. MIDD is c...

    Authors: Marco Skardelly, Georgios Pantazis, Sotirios Bisdas, Guenther C Feigl, Martin U Schuhmann, Marcos S Tatagiba and Rainer Ritz

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2013 13:107

    Content type: Case report

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  14. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of neuroendoscopy compared with non-neuroendoscopic procedures for treating patients with arachnoid membrane cysts in the lateral ventricles.

    Authors: Peng Zhao, Xinsheng Wang, Chuzhong Li, Songbai Gui, Xuyi Zong and Yazhuo Zhang

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2013 13:59

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Human cytomegalovirus (CMV) is an ubiquitous pathogen capable of modulating the host immune system. Immune dysfunction is common during CMV infection and includes autoimmune phenomena. Here we focus on a case ...

    Authors: Xinling Xu, Peter Bergman, Thomas Willows, Charlotte Tammik, Marie Sund, Tomas Hökfelt, Cecilia Söderberg-Naucler and Stefania Varani

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2012 12:87

    Content type: Case report

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  16. Vertebral artery dissection (VAD) is often associated with trauma or occurs spontaneously, inevitably causing some neurological deficits. Even though acute infection can be related to the development of sponta...

    Authors: Xudong Pan, Aijun Ma, Kun Wang, Shumin Nie and Mei Wu

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2012 12:79

    Content type: Case report

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  17. Acquired Brain Injury (ABI) from traumatic and non traumatic causes is a leading cause of disability worldwide yet there is limited research summarizing the health system economic burden associated with ABI. T...

    Authors: Amy Chen, Ksenia Bushmeneva, Brandon Zagorski, Angela Colantonio, Daria Parsons and Walter P Wodchis

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2012 12:76

    Content type: Research article

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  18. The α2-adrenoreceptor agonist dexmedetomidine is known to provide neuroprotection under ischemic conditions. In this study we investigated whether dexmedetomidine has a protective effect in an in vitro model for ...

    Authors: Marc Schoeler, Philip D Loetscher, Rolf Rossaint, Astrid V Fahlenkamp, Georg Eberhardt, Steffen Rex, Joachim Weis and Mark Coburn

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2012 12:20

    Content type: Research article

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  19. The aim of this paper is to examine factors associated with discharge destination after acquired brain injury in a publicly insured population using the Anderson Behavioral Model as a framework.

    Authors: Amy Y Chen, Brandon Zagorski, Daria Parsons, Rika Vander Laan, Vincy Chan and Angela Colantonio

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2012 12:16

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Infection with severe malaria in African children is associated with not only a high mortality but also a high risk of cognitive deficits. There is evidence that interventions done a few years after the illnes...

    Authors: Paul Bangirana, Peter Allebeck, Michael J Boivin, Chandy C John, Connie Page, Anna Ehnvall and Seggane Musisi

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2011 11:96

    Content type: Research article

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