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BMC Neurology

Neuromuscular disorders and peripheral neurology

Section edited by Jens Schmidt

This section encompasses all aspects of neuromuscular disorders. Topics include myasthenia gravis, myopathies, neuropathies and all other inflammatory, metabolic and genetic disorders affecting skeletal muscle, peripheral nerve or neuromuscular transmission.

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  1. Content type: Case report

    Cerebrotendinous xanthomatosis (CTX) is a rare autosomal recessive sterol storage disease caused by a mutated sterol 27-hydroxylase (CYP27A1) gene. Patients with typical CTX show neurological dysfunction inclu...

    Authors: Masaru Yanagihashi, Osamu Kano, Tomoya Terashima, Yuji Kawase, Sayori Hanashiro, Masahiro Sawada, Yuichi Ishikawa, Nobuyuki Shiraga, Ken Ikeda and Yasuo Iwasaki

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2016 16:21

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  2. Content type: Review

    The term paraproteinemic neuropathy describes a heterogeneous set of neuropathies characterized by the presence of homogeneous immunoglobulin in the serum. An abnormal clonal proliferation of B-lymphocytes or ...

    Authors: Richard A. Rison and Said R. Beydoun

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2016 16:13

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  3. Content type: Case report

    Friedreich Ataxia (FRDA) is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by gait and balance abnormalities, sensory loss, weakness, loss of reflexes, and ataxia. Previously, two cases of FRDA and Nephrotic Syndr...

    Authors: Julianna E. Shinnick, Charles J. Isaacs, Sharon Vivaldi, Kimberly Schadt and David R. Lynch

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2016 16:3

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Muscular weakness in myasthenia gravis (MG) is commonly assessed using Quantitative Myasthenia Gravis Score (QMG). More objective and quantitative measures may complement the use of clinical scales and might d...

    Authors: Sarah Hoffmann, Jana Siedler, Alexander U. Brandt, Sophie K. Piper, Siegfried Kohler, Christian Sass, Friedemann Paul, Ralf Reilmann and Andreas Meisel

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2015 15:265

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Central neuropathic pain has a prevalence of 40 % in patients with spinal cord injury. Electroencephalography (EEG) studies showed that this type of pain has identifiable signatures, that could potentially be ...

    Authors: Muhammad Abul Hassan, Matthew Fraser, Bernard A. Conway, David B. Allan and Aleksandra Vuckovic

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2015 15:200

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Due to lack of any curative therapy for ALS, symptomatic treatment and maintenance of quality of life (QoL) is very important. We aimed to characterize the affected domains of QoL in ALS patients and to identi...

    Authors: Sonja Körner, Katja Kollewe, Susanne Abdulla, Antonia Zapf, Reinhard Dengler and Susanne Petri

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2015 15:84

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  7. Content type: Study protocol

    Chronic fatigue is present in more than 60% of the patients with a neuromuscular disease and can be their most disabling symptom. In combination with other impairments, fatigue often results in low levels of p...

    Authors: Yvonne Veenhuizen, Edith HC Cup, Jan T Groothuis, Jan CM Hendriks, Eddy MM Adang, Baziel GM van Engelen and Alexander CH Geurts

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2015 15:58

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Since chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) and fibromyalgia (FM) often co-exist, some believe they reflect the same process, somatization. Against that hypothesis are data suggesting FM but not CFS was common in pat...

    Authors: Slobodanka Pejovic, Benjamin H Natelson, Maria Basta, Julio Fernandez-Mendoza, Fauzia Mahr and Alexandros N Vgontzas

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2015 15:53

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  9. Content type: Case report

    Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP) is a rare complication of Crohn's disease (CD), and it is uncertain whether it is associated with CD itself or with its treatment. We describe a case of...

    Authors: Suji Kim, Seok-Jae Kang, Ki-Wook Oh, Byung Kyu Ahn, Hang Lak Lee, Dong Soo Han, Kiseok Jang and Young Seo Kim

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2015 15:48

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  10. Content type: Study protocol

    To obtain evidence for the clinical and cost-effectiveness of treatments for patients with rare diseases is a challenge. Non-dystrophic myotonia (NDM) is a group of inherited, rare muscle diseases characterize...

    Authors: Bas C Stunnenberg, Willem Woertman, Joost Raaphorst, Jeffrey M Statland, Robert C Griggs, Janneke Timmermans, Christiaan G Saris, Bas J Schouwenberg, Hans M Groenewoud, Dick F Stegeman, Baziel G M van Engelen, Gea Drost and Gert Jan van der Wilt

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2015 15:43

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Postpolio syndrome (PPS) is characterized by progressive disabilities that develop decades after prior paralytic poliomyelitis. Because chronic inflammation may be the process underlying the development of PPS...

    Authors: Yao-Hsien Huang, Hung-Chou Chen, Kuang-Wei Huang, Po-Chih Chen, Chaur-Jong Hu, Chin-Piao Tsai, Ka-Wai Tam and Yi-Chun Kuan

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2015 15:39

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Clinical studies have tested the use of an engineered herpes virus to treat pain. We hypothesized that subcutaneous injections of an engineered herpes virus that expresses enkephalin would attenuate orofacial ...

    Authors: Phillip R Kramer, Mikhail Umorin and Larry L Bellinger

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2015 15:34

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Hyperechogenicity of the substantia nigra was recently reported in patients with sporadic ALS with a frequency similar to PD. Data on the diagnostic utility compared to key differential diagnoses of ALS do not...

    Authors: Andreas Hermann, Ulrike Reuner, Jochen Schaefer, Panteha Fathinia, Tordis Leimert, Jan Kassubek, Mario Leimert, Albert C Ludolph and Alexander Storch

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2015 15:33

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  14. Content type: Case report

    Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP) as a pure sensory variant is rarely encountered. Therefore the best treatment option is hard to define.

    Authors: Elisabeth Chroni, Dimitra Veltsista, Evangelia Gavanozi, Tavitha Vlachou, Panagiotis Polychronopoulos and Panagiotis Papathanasopoulos

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2015 15:27

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  15. Content type: Case report

    The clinical features of myositis related with Human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1) remains unclear despite epidemiological studies suggesting inflammatory myopathy associated with the virus.

    Authors: Eiji Matsuura, Akiko Yoshimura, Satoshi Nozuma, Itsuro Higuchi, Ryuji Kubota and Hiroshi Takashima

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2015 15:18

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Patients presenting with bilateral trigeminal hypoesthesia may go on to have trigeminal isolated sensory neuropathy, a benign, purely trigeminal neuropathy, or facial-onset sensory motor neuronopathy (FOSMN), ...

    Authors: Giorgio Cruccu, Elena M Pennisi, Giovanni Antonini, Antonella Biasiotta, Giulia di Stefano, Silvia La Cesa, Caterina Leone, Salvatore Raffa, Claudia Sommer and Andrea Truini

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:248

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