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Neuromuscular disorders and peripheral neurology

Section edited by Jens Schmidt

This section encompasses all aspects of neuromuscular disorders. Topics include myasthenia gravis, myopathies, neuropathies and all other inflammatory, metabolic and genetic disorders affecting skeletal muscle, peripheral nerve or neuromuscular transmission.

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  1. Content type: Study protocol

    To obtain evidence for the clinical and cost-effectiveness of treatments for patients with rare diseases is a challenge. Non-dystrophic myotonia (NDM) is a group of inherited, rare muscle diseases characterize...

    Authors: Bas C Stunnenberg, Willem Woertman, Joost Raaphorst, Jeffrey M Statland, Robert C Griggs, Janneke Timmermans, Christiaan G Saris, Bas J Schouwenberg, Hans M Groenewoud, Dick F Stegeman, Baziel G M van Engelen, Gea Drost and Gert Jan van der Wilt

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2015 15:43

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Postpolio syndrome (PPS) is characterized by progressive disabilities that develop decades after prior paralytic poliomyelitis. Because chronic inflammation may be the process underlying the development of PPS...

    Authors: Yao-Hsien Huang, Hung-Chou Chen, Kuang-Wei Huang, Po-Chih Chen, Chaur-Jong Hu, Chin-Piao Tsai, Ka-Wai Tam and Yi-Chun Kuan

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2015 15:39

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Clinical studies have tested the use of an engineered herpes virus to treat pain. We hypothesized that subcutaneous injections of an engineered herpes virus that expresses enkephalin would attenuate orofacial ...

    Authors: Phillip R Kramer, Mikhail Umorin and Larry L Bellinger

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2015 15:34

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Hyperechogenicity of the substantia nigra was recently reported in patients with sporadic ALS with a frequency similar to PD. Data on the diagnostic utility compared to key differential diagnoses of ALS do not...

    Authors: Andreas Hermann, Ulrike Reuner, Jochen Schaefer, Panteha Fathinia, Tordis Leimert, Jan Kassubek, Mario Leimert, Albert C Ludolph and Alexander Storch

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2015 15:33

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  5. Content type: Case report

    Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP) as a pure sensory variant is rarely encountered. Therefore the best treatment option is hard to define.

    Authors: Elisabeth Chroni, Dimitra Veltsista, Evangelia Gavanozi, Tavitha Vlachou, Panagiotis Polychronopoulos and Panagiotis Papathanasopoulos

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2015 15:27

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  6. Content type: Case report

    The clinical features of myositis related with Human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1) remains unclear despite epidemiological studies suggesting inflammatory myopathy associated with the virus.

    Authors: Eiji Matsuura, Akiko Yoshimura, Satoshi Nozuma, Itsuro Higuchi, Ryuji Kubota and Hiroshi Takashima

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2015 15:18

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Patients presenting with bilateral trigeminal hypoesthesia may go on to have trigeminal isolated sensory neuropathy, a benign, purely trigeminal neuropathy, or facial-onset sensory motor neuronopathy (FOSMN), ...

    Authors: Giorgio Cruccu, Elena M Pennisi, Giovanni Antonini, Antonella Biasiotta, Giulia di Stefano, Silvia La Cesa, Caterina Leone, Salvatore Raffa, Claudia Sommer and Andrea Truini

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:248

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  8. Content type: Case report

    Polyneuropathy organomegaly endocrinopathy M-protein skin changes (POEMS) syndrome is a rare cause of polyneuropathy. Calciphylaxis, a severe disease leading to necrotic ulcers of the skin, is associated with ...

    Authors: Dorothee Heck, Miriam Mergen, Athina Ganner, Jaroslav Pelisek, Irina Mader, Cornelius Weiller and Wolf-Dirk Niesen

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:210

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) is an autoimmune condition characterized by peripheral neuropathy. The pathogenesis of GBS is not fully understood, and the mechanism of how intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) cure...

    Authors: Hui Qing Hou, Jun Miao, Xue Dan Feng, Mei Han, Xiu Juan Song and Li Guo

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:202

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Survival in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis varies considerably. About one third of the patients die within 12 months after first diagnosis. The early recognition of fast progression is essential for patients an...

    Authors: Joachim Wolf, Anton Safer, Johannes C Wöhrle, Frederick Palm, Wilfred A Nix, Matthias Maschke and Armin J Grau

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:197

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) is a chronic pain syndrome of unknown etiology. There is increasing evidence for small nerve fiber impairment in a subgroup of patients with FMS. We investigated whether skin cytoki...

    Authors: Nurcan Üçeyler, Susanne Kewenig, Waldemar Kafke, Sarah Kittel-Schneider and Claudia Sommer

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:185

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  12. Content type: Research article

    High frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) targetted to different cortical regions (primary motor/sensory, prefrontal) are known to alter somatosensory responses. The mechanism(s) for t...

    Authors: Paul Sacco, Michael Prior, Helen Poole and Turo Nurmikko

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:166

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Autosomal recessive limb-girdle muscular dystrophies (LGMD2) include a number of disorders with heterogeneous etiology that cause predominantly weakness and wasting of the shoulder and pelvic girdle muscles. I...

    Authors: Kristýna Stehlíková, Daniela Skálová, Jana Zídková, Lenka Mrázová, Petr Vondráček, Radim Mazanec, Stanislav Voháňka, Jana Haberlová, Markéta Hermanová, Josef Zámečník, Ondřej Souček, Hana Ošlejšková, Nina Dvořáčková, Pavla Solařová and Lenka Fajkusová

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:154

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Since there has been no conclusive evidence regarding the treatment of ocular myasthenia, treatment guidelines were recently issued by the European Federation of Neurological Societies/European Neurological So...

    Authors: Shigeaki Suzuki, Hiroyuki Murai, Tomihiro Imai, Yuriko Nagane, Masayuki Masuda, Emiko Tsuda, Shingo Konno, Satoru Oji, Shunya Nakane, Masakatsu Motomura, Norihiro Suzuki and Kimiaki Utsugisawa

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:142

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Neurogenic detrusor overactivity (NDO) leads to impaired health-related quality of life (HRQoL), productivity, and greater healthcare resource burden. The humanistic and economic burden may be more apparent in...

    Authors: Derek H Tang, Danielle Colayco, James Piercy, Vaishali Patel, Denise Globe and Michael B Chancellor

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2014 14:74

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  16. Content type: Case report

    Marchiafava-Bignami disease (MBD) is a rare neurologic complication of chronic alcohol consumption that is characterized by callosal lesions involving demyelination and necrosis. Various reversible neurologic ...

    Authors: Yasunobu Hoshino, Yuji Ueno, Hideki Shimura, Nobukazu Miyamoto, Masao Watanabe, Nobutaka Hattori and Takao Urabe

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2013 13:208

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