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  1. Content type: Research article

    We have previously assessed the reproducibility of manual testing of the strength in 14 individual upper limb muscles in patients with or without upper limb complaints. This investigation aimed at additionally...

    Authors: Jorgen R Jepsen, Lise H Laursen, Carl-Goran Hagert, Svend Kreiner and Anders I Larsen

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2006 6:8

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI) can sometimes lead to persistent postconcussion symptoms. One well accepted hypothesis claims that chronic PCS has a neural origin, and is related to neurobehavioral deficits...

    Authors: Annette Sterr, Katherine A Herron, Chantal Hayward and Daniela Montaldi

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2006 6:7

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  3. Content type: Research article

    The motor neuron degenerative disease spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is the leading genetic cause of infant mortality and is caused by mutations in the survival of motor neurons (SMN) gene that reduce the expre...

    Authors: Stephen J Kolb, Amelie K Gubitz, Robert F Olszewski Jr, Elizabeth Ottinger, Charlotte J Sumner, Kenneth H Fischbeck and Gideon Dreyfuss

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2006 6:6

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  4. Content type: Case report

    It is common knowledge that the frontal lobes mediate complex human behavior and that damage to these regions can cause executive dysfunction, apathy, disinhibition and personality changes. However, it is less...

    Authors: Alexander A Grunsfeld and Ivan S Login

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2006 6:4

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Recent studies show that inflammatory processes may contribute to neuropathic pain. Cyclooxygenase-2 (Cox-2) is an inducible enzyme responsible for production of prostanoids, which may sensitise sensory neuron...

    Authors: Pascal F Durrenberger, Paul Facer, Maria A Casula, Yiangos Yiangou, Roy A Gray, Iain P Chessell, Nicola C Day, Sue D Collins, Sharon Bingham, Alex W Wilson, David Elliot, Rolfe Birch and Praveen Anand

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2006 6:1

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Diabetes mellitus type II afflicts at least 2 million people in Iran. Neuropathy is one of the most common complications of diabetes and lowers the patient's quality of life. Since neuropathy often leads to ul...

    Authors: Fargol Booya, Fatemeh Bandarian, Bagher Larijani, Mohammad Pajouhi, Mahdi Nooraei and Jamshid Lotfi

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2005 5:24

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Obesity causes or exacerbates a host of medical conditions, including cardiovascular, pulmonary, and endocrine diseases. Recently obesity in elderly women was associated with greater risk of dementia, white ma...

    Authors: Michael A Ward, Cynthia M Carlsson, Mehul A Trivedi, Mark A Sager and Sterling C Johnson

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2005 5:23

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS), Persian Gulf War Illness (PGI), and fibromyalgia are overlapping symptom complexes without objective markers or known pathophysiology. Neurological dysfunction is common. We ass...

    Authors: James N Baraniuk, Begona Casado, Hilda Maibach, Daniel J Clauw, Lewis K Pannell and Sonja Hess S

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2005 5:22

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  9. Content type: Research article

    In Asia, stroke incidence varies dramatically from country to country. Little is known about stroke incidence in Asians/Pacific Islanders in the US, where regional heterogeneity in Asian/Pacific Islander sub-p...

    Authors: Mai N Nguyen-Huynh and S Claiborne Johnston

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2005 5:21

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  10. Content type: Research article

    The genetic epidemiology of ischemic stroke remains relatively unstudied, and information about the genetic epidemiology of ischemic stroke in populations with significant minority representation is currently ...

    Authors: Lynda D Lisabeth, Melinda A Smith, Devin L Brown, Ken Uchino and Lewis B Morgenstern

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2005 5:20

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  11. Content type: Research article

    The etiology of multiple sclerosis (MS) is at present not fully elucidated, although it is considered to result from the interaction of environmental and genetic susceptibility factors. In this work we aimed a...

    Authors: Alfonso Martínez, Ana Mas, Virginia de las Heras, Rafael Arroyo, Miguel Fernández-Arquero, Emilio G de la Concha and Elena Urcelay

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2005 5:19

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  12. Content type: Case report

    After perinatal brain injury, clinico-anatomic correlations of functional deficits and brain plasticity remain difficult to evaluate clinically in the young infant. Thus, new non-invasive methods capable of ea...

    Authors: Mohamed L Seghier, François Lazeyras, Slava Zimine, Sonja Saudan-Frei, Avinoam B Safran and Petra S Huppi

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2005 5:17

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  13. Content type: Case report

    Primary angiitis of the central nervous system is an idiopathic disorder characterized by vasculitis within the dural confines. The clinical presentation shows a wide variation and the course and the duration ...

    Authors: Carsten Lukas, Kathy Keyvani and Christian Börnke

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2005 5:16

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Parkinsonian symptoms have been associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Several studies have reported on the prevalence of signs and symptoms. Symptoms questionnaires can identify potential PD cases...

    Authors: Lianna S Ishihara, Kay-Tee Khaw, Robert Luben, Sheila Bingham, Ailsa Welch, Nicholas Day and Carol Brayne

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2005 5:15

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  15. Content type: Research article

    There is only limited data on improvements of critical medical care is resulting in a better outcome of comatose survivors of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) with generalized myoclonus. There is also a pau...

    Authors: Frank Thömke, Jürgen J Marx, Oliver Sauer, Thomas Hundsberger, Stefan Hägele, Jascha Wiechelt and Sacha L Weilemann

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2005 5:14

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Among the main clinical applications of the H-reflex are the evaluation of the S1 nerve root conductivity such as radiculopathy and measurement of the excitability of the spinal motoneurons in neurological con...

    Authors: Mohammadreza Alavian Ghavanini, Alireza Ashraf, Shahram Sadeghi and Mohammadreza Emad

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2005 5:13

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  17. Content type: Study protocol

    Post dural punction headache (PDPH) occurs in 10% to 40% of the patients who had a lumbar puncture. Its symptoms can be severe and incapacitating. The epidural blood patch is widely accepted as the treatment o...

    Authors: R Oedit, F van Kooten, SLM Bakker and DWJ Dippel

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2005 5:12

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Fibroblast growth factor 20 (FGF20) is a neurotrophic factor preferentially expressed in the substantia nigra of rat brain and could be involved in dopaminergic neurons survival. Recently, a strong genetic ass...

    Authors: Jordi Clarimon, Georgia Xiromerisiou, Johanna Eerola, Vanesa Gourbali, Olli Hellström, Euthimios Dardiotis, Terhi Peuralinna, Alexandros Papadimitriou, George M Hadjigeorgiou, Pentti J Tienari and Andrew B Singleton

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2005 5:11

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Recent trials suggest that angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI) are effective in prevention of ischemic stroke, as measured by reduced stroke incidence. We aimed to compare stroke severity between s...

    Authors: Magdy Selim, Sean Savitz, Italo Linfante, Louis Caplan and Gottfried Schlaug

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2005 5:10

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  20. Content type: Research article

    To compare the characteristics and prognostic features of ischemic stroke in patients with diabetes and without diabetes, and to determine the independent predictors of in-hospital mortality in people with dia...

    Authors: Adrià Arboix, Antoni Rivas, Luis García-Eroles, Lourdes de Marcos, Joan Massons and Montserrat Oliveres

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2005 5:9

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Many types of research on dementia and cognitive impairment require large sample sizes. Detailed in-person assessment using batteries of neuropyschologic testing is expensive. This study evaluates whether a br...

    Authors: Valerie C Crooks, Linda Clark, Diana B Petitti, Helena Chui and Vicki Chiu

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2005 5:8

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Multiple types of mononucleate cells reside among the multinucleate myofibers in skeletal muscles and these mononucleate cells function in muscle maintenance and repair. How neuromuscular disease might affect ...

    Authors: Mahasweta Girgenrath, Christine A Kostek and Jeffrey Boone Miller

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2005 5:7

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Cluster headache (CH) is a neurovascular, primary headache disorder. There are, however, several case reports about patients whose CH started shortly after a structural brain disease or trauma. Motivated by a ...

    Authors: Peter Sörös, Oanh Vo, Heinrich Gerding, Ingo W Husstedt and Stefan Evers

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2005 5:6

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  24. Content type: Research article

    parkin mutations are a common cause of parkinsonism. Possessing two parkin mutations leads to early-onset parkinsonism, while having one mutation may predispose to late-onset disease. This dosage pattern suggest...

    Authors: Parvoneh Poorkaj, Lina Moses, Jennifer S Montimurro, John G Nutt, Gerard D Schellenberg and Haydeh Payami

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2005 5:4

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Vestibular rehabilitation (VR) is a well-accepted exercise program intended to remedy balance impairment caused by damage to the peripheral vestibular system. Alternative therapies, such as Tai Chi (TC), have ...

    Authors: Chris A McGibbon, David E Krebs, Stephen W Parker, Donna M Scarborough, Peter M Wayne and Steven L Wolf

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2005 5:3

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Autonomic nervous system (ANS) dysfunction is present in up to one third of patients with tetanus. The prognostic value of ANS dysfunction is known in severe tetanus but its value is not well established in mi...

    Authors: Mohammad Wasay, Bhojo A Khealani, Naasha Talati, Rohmah Shamsi, Nadir A Syed and Naseem Salahuddin

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2005 5:2

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  27. Content type: Research article

    The brain-derived protein S100B has been shown to be a useful marker of brain injury of different etiologies. Cognitive dysfunction after cardiac surgery using cardiopulmonary bypass has been reported to occur...

    Authors: Henrik Jönsson, Per Johnsson, Martin Bäckström, Christer Alling, Cecilia Dautovic-Bergh and Sten Blomquist

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2004 4:24

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  28. Content type: Research article

    The genes encoding proteins in the thrombomodulin-protein C pathway are promising candidate genes for stroke susceptibility because of their importance in thrombosis regulation and inflammatory response. Sever...

    Authors: John W Cole, Stacy C Roberts, Margaret Gallagher, Wayne H Giles, Braxton D Mitchell, Karen K Steinberg, Marcella A Wozniak, Richard F Macko, Laurie J Reinhart and Steven J Kittner

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2004 4:21

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Cerebral palsy (CP) is an heterogeneous group of neurological disorders of movement and/or posture, with an estimated incidence of 1 in 1000 live births. Non-progressive forms of symmetrical, spastic CP have b...

    Authors: Clare N Lynex, Ian M Carr, Jack P Leek, Rajgopal Achuthan, Simon Mitchell, Eamonn R Maher, C Geoffrey Woods, David T Bonthon and Alex F Markham

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2004 4:20

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  30. Content type: Research article

    There are controversial results on the efficacy of the abandoned, intrathecal predominant methylprednisolone application in multiple sclerosis (MS) in contrast to the proven effectiveness in intractable posthe...

    Authors: Kerstin Hellwig, Franz Josef Stein, Horst Przuntek and Thomas Müller

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2004 4:18

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Chronic headaches from head trauma and whiplash injury are well-known and common, but chronic headaches from other sorts of physical traumas are not recognized.

    Authors: David C Haas

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2004 4:17

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Tuberculous meningitis (TBM) is a major global health problem, and it is sometimes difficult to perform a differential diagnosis of this disease from other diseases, particularly partially-treated pyogenic men...

    Authors: Rajpal S Kashyap, Rani P Kainthla, Ravindra M Satpute, Neha P Agarwal, Nitin H Chandak, Hemant J Purohit, Girdhar M Taori and Hatim F Daginawala

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2004 4:16

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Chronic inflammation appears to play a role in the pathogenesis of vascular dementia. Given the association between Chlamydia pneumoniae and stroke, the possibility exists that previous exposure to C. pneumoniae ...

    Authors: Soo Chan Carusone, Marek Smieja, William Molloy, Charlie H Goldsmith, Jim Mahony, Max Chernesky, Judy Gnarpe, Tim Standish, Stephanie Smith and Mark Loeb

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2004 4:15

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Fatigue is a crucial sensation that triggers rest, yet its underlying neuronal mechanisms remain unclear. Intense long-term fatigue is a symptom of chronic fatigue syndrome, which is used as a model to study t...

    Authors: Tomohisa Okada, Masaaki Tanaka, Hirohiko Kuratsune, Yasuyoshi Watanabe and Norihiro Sadato

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2004 4:14

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Complex Regional Pain Syndrome type one (CRPS I) or formerly Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy (RSD) is a disabling syndrome, in which a painful limb is accompanied by varying symptoms. Neuropathic pain is a promin...

    Authors: Anton C van de Vusse, Suzanne GM Stomp-van den Berg, Alfons HF Kessels and Wim EJ Weber

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2004 4:13

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Myasthenic crisis is the most serious life-threatening event in generalized myasthenia gravis (MG) patients. The objective of this study was to assess the long-term impact of thymectomy on rate and severity of...

    Authors: Ali Soleimani, Alireza Moayyeri, Shahin Akhondzadeh, Mohsen Sadatsafavi, Hamidreza Tavakoli Shalmani and Akbar Soltanzadeh

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2004 4:12

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  37. Content type: Research article

    central loop of the gastrocnemius-soleus H-reflex latency (Tc) that looks promising in the diagnosis of S1 radiculopathy; has been investigated in a few studies and only two of them have focused on the constituti...

    Authors: Shahram Sadeghi, Mohammadrezaalavian Ghavanini, Alireza Ashraf and Peyman Jafari

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2004 4:11

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Rizatriptan is an effective and fast acting drug for the acute treatment of migraine. Some nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) have also demonstrated efficacy in treating migraine attacks. There is ev...

    Authors: Abouch Valenty Krymchantowski and Marcelo Eduardo Bigal

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2004 4:10

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  39. Content type: Research article

    What currently appears to be irreversible axonal loss in normal appearing white matter, measured by proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy is of great interest in the study of Multiple Sclerosis. Our aim is to...

    Authors: Juan Luis Ruiz-Peña, Pilar Piñero, Guillermo Sellers, Joaquín Argente, Alfredo Casado, Jesus Foronda, Antonio Uclés and Guillermo Izquierdo

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2004 4:8

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Minocycline, a semi-synthetic tetracycline antibiotic, is an effective neuroprotective agent in animal models of cerebral ischemia when given in high doses intraperitoneally. The aim of this study was to deter...

    Authors: Lin Xu, Susan C Fagan, Jennifer L Waller, David Edwards, Cesar V Borlongan, Jianqing Zheng, William D Hill, Giora Feuerstein and David C Hess

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2004 4:7

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