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  1. Multiple types of mononucleate cells reside among the multinucleate myofibers in skeletal muscles and these mononucleate cells function in muscle maintenance and repair. How neuromuscular disease might affect ...

    Authors: Mahasweta Girgenrath, Christine A Kostek and Jeffrey Boone Miller

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2005 5:7

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Cluster headache (CH) is a neurovascular, primary headache disorder. There are, however, several case reports about patients whose CH started shortly after a structural brain disease or trauma. Motivated by a ...

    Authors: Peter Sörös, Oanh Vo, Heinrich Gerding, Ingo W Husstedt and Stefan Evers

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2005 5:6

    Content type: Research article

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  3. parkin mutations are a common cause of parkinsonism. Possessing two parkin mutations leads to early-onset parkinsonism, while having one mutation may predispose to late-onset disease. This dosage pattern suggest...

    Authors: Parvoneh Poorkaj, Lina Moses, Jennifer S Montimurro, John G Nutt, Gerard D Schellenberg and Haydeh Payami

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2005 5:4

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Vestibular rehabilitation (VR) is a well-accepted exercise program intended to remedy balance impairment caused by damage to the peripheral vestibular system. Alternative therapies, such as Tai Chi (TC), have ...

    Authors: Chris A McGibbon, David E Krebs, Stephen W Parker, Donna M Scarborough, Peter M Wayne and Steven L Wolf

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2005 5:3

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Autonomic nervous system (ANS) dysfunction is present in up to one third of patients with tetanus. The prognostic value of ANS dysfunction is known in severe tetanus but its value is not well established in mi...

    Authors: Mohammad Wasay, Bhojo A Khealani, Naasha Talati, Rohmah Shamsi, Nadir A Syed and Naseem Salahuddin

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2005 5:2

    Content type: Research article

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  6. The brain-derived protein S100B has been shown to be a useful marker of brain injury of different etiologies. Cognitive dysfunction after cardiac surgery using cardiopulmonary bypass has been reported to occur...

    Authors: Henrik Jönsson, Per Johnsson, Martin Bäckström, Christer Alling, Cecilia Dautovic-Bergh and Sten Blomquist

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2004 4:24

    Content type: Research article

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  7. The genes encoding proteins in the thrombomodulin-protein C pathway are promising candidate genes for stroke susceptibility because of their importance in thrombosis regulation and inflammatory response. Sever...

    Authors: John W Cole, Stacy C Roberts, Margaret Gallagher, Wayne H Giles, Braxton D Mitchell, Karen K Steinberg, Marcella A Wozniak, Richard F Macko, Laurie J Reinhart and Steven J Kittner

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2004 4:21

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Cerebral palsy (CP) is an heterogeneous group of neurological disorders of movement and/or posture, with an estimated incidence of 1 in 1000 live births. Non-progressive forms of symmetrical, spastic CP have b...

    Authors: Clare N Lynex, Ian M Carr, Jack P Leek, Rajgopal Achuthan, Simon Mitchell, Eamonn R Maher, C Geoffrey Woods, David T Bonthon and Alex F Markham

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2004 4:20

    Content type: Research article

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  9. There are controversial results on the efficacy of the abandoned, intrathecal predominant methylprednisolone application in multiple sclerosis (MS) in contrast to the proven effectiveness in intractable posthe...

    Authors: Kerstin Hellwig, Franz Josef Stein, Horst Przuntek and Thomas Müller

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2004 4:18

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Chronic headaches from head trauma and whiplash injury are well-known and common, but chronic headaches from other sorts of physical traumas are not recognized.

    Authors: David C Haas

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2004 4:17

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Tuberculous meningitis (TBM) is a major global health problem, and it is sometimes difficult to perform a differential diagnosis of this disease from other diseases, particularly partially-treated pyogenic men...

    Authors: Rajpal S Kashyap, Rani P Kainthla, Ravindra M Satpute, Neha P Agarwal, Nitin H Chandak, Hemant J Purohit, Girdhar M Taori and Hatim F Daginawala

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2004 4:16

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Chronic inflammation appears to play a role in the pathogenesis of vascular dementia. Given the association between Chlamydia pneumoniae and stroke, the possibility exists that previous exposure to C. pneumoniae ...

    Authors: Soo Chan Carusone, Marek Smieja, William Molloy, Charlie H Goldsmith, Jim Mahony, Max Chernesky, Judy Gnarpe, Tim Standish, Stephanie Smith and Mark Loeb

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2004 4:15

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Fatigue is a crucial sensation that triggers rest, yet its underlying neuronal mechanisms remain unclear. Intense long-term fatigue is a symptom of chronic fatigue syndrome, which is used as a model to study t...

    Authors: Tomohisa Okada, Masaaki Tanaka, Hirohiko Kuratsune, Yasuyoshi Watanabe and Norihiro Sadato

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2004 4:14

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Complex Regional Pain Syndrome type one (CRPS I) or formerly Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy (RSD) is a disabling syndrome, in which a painful limb is accompanied by varying symptoms. Neuropathic pain is a promin...

    Authors: Anton C van de Vusse, Suzanne GM Stomp-van den Berg, Alfons HF Kessels and Wim EJ Weber

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2004 4:13

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Myasthenic crisis is the most serious life-threatening event in generalized myasthenia gravis (MG) patients. The objective of this study was to assess the long-term impact of thymectomy on rate and severity of...

    Authors: Ali Soleimani, Alireza Moayyeri, Shahin Akhondzadeh, Mohsen Sadatsafavi, Hamidreza Tavakoli Shalmani and Akbar Soltanzadeh

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2004 4:12

    Content type: Research article

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  16. central loop of the gastrocnemius-soleus H-reflex latency (Tc) that looks promising in the diagnosis of S1 radiculopathy; has been investigated in a few studies and only two of them have focused on the constituti...

    Authors: Shahram Sadeghi, Mohammadrezaalavian Ghavanini, Alireza Ashraf and Peyman Jafari

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2004 4:11

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Rizatriptan is an effective and fast acting drug for the acute treatment of migraine. Some nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) have also demonstrated efficacy in treating migraine attacks. There is ev...

    Authors: Abouch Valenty Krymchantowski and Marcelo Eduardo Bigal

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2004 4:10

    Content type: Research article

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  18. What currently appears to be irreversible axonal loss in normal appearing white matter, measured by proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy is of great interest in the study of Multiple Sclerosis. Our aim is to...

    Authors: Juan Luis Ruiz-Peña, Pilar Piñero, Guillermo Sellers, Joaquín Argente, Alfredo Casado, Jesus Foronda, Antonio Uclés and Guillermo Izquierdo

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2004 4:8

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Minocycline, a semi-synthetic tetracycline antibiotic, is an effective neuroprotective agent in animal models of cerebral ischemia when given in high doses intraperitoneally. The aim of this study was to deter...

    Authors: Lin Xu, Susan C Fagan, Jennifer L Waller, David Edwards, Cesar V Borlongan, Jianqing Zheng, William D Hill, Giora Feuerstein and David C Hess

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2004 4:7

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is a disabling condition that affects approximately 800,000 adult Americans. The pathophysiology remains unknown and there are no diagnostic markers or characteristic physical si...

    Authors: Elizabeth R Unger, Rosane Nisenbaum, Harvey Moldofsky, Angela Cesta, Christopher Sammut, Michele Reyes and William C Reeves

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2004 4:6

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Authors: Craig J Smith, Hedley CA Emsley, Carole M Gavin, Rachel F Georgiou, Andy Vail, Elisa M Barberan, Gregory J del Zoppo, John M Hallenbeck, Nancy J Rothwell, Stephen J Hopkins and Pippa J Tyrrell

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2004 4:5

    Content type: Erratum

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    The original article was published in BMC Neurology 2004 4:2

  22. Cerebral ischaemia initiates an inflammatory response in the brain and periphery. We assessed the relationship between peak values of plasma interleukin-6 (IL-6) in the first week after ischaemic stroke, with ...

    Authors: Craig J Smith, Hedley CA Emsley, Carole M Gavin, Rachel F Georgiou, Andy Vail, Elisa M Barberan, Gregory J del Zoppo, John M Hallenbeck, Nancy J Rothwell, Stephen J Hopkins and Pippa J Tyrrell

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2004 4:2

    Content type: Research article

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Neurology 2004 4:5

  23. Parkinson's disease is the second most common neurodegenerative disorder after Alzheimer's disease. Most cases are sporadic, however familial cases do exist. We examined 12 families with familial Parkinson's d...

    Authors: Karin Wirdefeldt, Catherine E Burgess, Lisa Westerberg, Haydeh Payami and Martin Schalling

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2003 3:6

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Cerebral cavernous malformations (CCM) present as either sporadic or autosomal dominant conditions with incomplete penetrance of symptoms. Differences in genetic and environmental factors might be minimized am...

    Authors: Miguel Lucas, Alzenire F Costa, José M García-Moreno, Francisca Solano, Miguel A Gamero and Guillermo Izquierdo

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2003 3:5

    Content type: Case report

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  25. The molecular basis for the genetic risk of ischemic stroke is likely to be multigenic and influenced by environmental factors. Several small case-control studies have suggested associations between ischemic s...

    Authors: James F Meschia, Thomas G Brott, Robert D Brown Jr, Richard JP Crook, Michael Frankel, John Hardy, José G Merino, Stephen S Rich, Scott Silliman and Bradford Burke Worrall

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2003 3:4

    Content type: Study protocol

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  26. Chondrodystrophic myotonia or Schwartz-Jampel syndrome is a rare genetic disorder characterized by myotonia and skeletal dysplasia. It may be progressive in nature. Recently, the gene responsible for Schwartz-...

    Authors: Nicola C Ho, Stacey Sandusky, Victor Madike, Clair A Francomano and Marinos C Dalakas

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2003 3:3

    Content type: Case report

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  27. Vestibular schwannoma (acoustic neuroma) most commonly presents with ipsilateral disturbances of acoustic, vestibular, trigeminal and facial nerves. Presentation of vestibular schwannoma with contralateral fac...

    Authors: Behzad Eftekhar, Mohammadreza Gheini, Mohammad Ghodsi and Ebrahim Ketabchi

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2003 3:2

    Content type: Case report

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  28. We have recently reported successful treatment of patients with chronic pain syndromes using human pooled intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) in a prospective, open-label cohort study. A randomised, placebo cont...

    Authors: Andreas Goebel, Andrew Moore, Rosamund Weatherall, Norbert Roewer, Robert Schedel and Guenter Sprotte

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2003 3:1

    Content type: Study protocol

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  29. Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) was recently described as a heterogeneous group with a variety of clinical outcomes and high risk to develop Alzheimer's disease (AD). Regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) as mea...

    Authors: Chaorui Huang, Lars-Olof Wahlund, Leif Svensson, Bengt Winblad and Per Julin

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2002 2:9

    Content type: Research article

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  30. The Apo-1/Fas (CD95) molecule is an apoptosis-signaling cell surface receptor belonging to the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) receptor family. Both Fas and Fas ligand (FasL) are expressed in activated mature T ce...

    Authors: Masaaki Niino, Seiji Kikuchi, Toshiyuki Fukazawa, Ryuji Miyagishi, Ichiro Yabe and Kunio Tashiro

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2002 2:8

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD) is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by the weakness of facial, shoulder-girdle and upper arm muscles. Most patients with FSHD have fewer numbers of tan...

    Authors: Tsuyoshi Matsumura, Kanako Goto, Gaku Yamanaka, Je Hyeon Lee, Cheng Zhang, Yukiko K Hayashi and Kiichi Arahata

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2002 2:7

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Patients with Alzheimer's disease experience a progressive loss of cognitive function, and the ability to independently perform activities of daily life. Sometimes a dependent stage is reached quite early in t...

    Authors: Jaime Caro, Alexandra Ward, Khajak Ishak, Kristen Migliaccio-Walle, Denis Getsios, George Papadopoulos and Koen Torfs

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2002 2:6

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Lower limb paralysis occurs in 11% of patients after surgical procedure of thoracic or thoracoabdominal aneurysms and is an unpredictable and distressful complication. The aim of this study was to investigate ...

    Authors: Shaoyang Chen, Lize Xiong, Qiang Wang, Hanfei Sang, Zhenhua Zhu, Hailong Dong and Zhihong Lu

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2002 2:1

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Carpal tunnel syndrome is a common disorder, which can be treated with surgery or conservative options. However, there is insufficient evidence and no consensus among physicians with regard to the preferred tr...

    Authors: Annette AM Gerritsen, Rob JPM Scholten, Willem JJ Assendelft, Herman Kuiper, Henrica CW de Vet and Lex M Bouter

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2001 1:8

    Content type: Study protocol

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  35. Climatic or meteorological condition changes have been implicated in the pathogenesis of Bell's palsy (BP). We evaluate the influence of meteorological parameters, such as temperature, humidity, and atmospheri...

    Authors: Vasilis Danielides, George Patrikakos, Christina-Sophia Nousia, Aristides Bartzokas, Haralampos J Milionis, Christos Lolis and Antonios Skevas

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2001 1:7

    Content type: Research article

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