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  1. Previous studies have proposed correlation between variants of the cerebral arterial circle (also known as circle of Willis) and some cerebrovascular diseases. Differences in the incidence of these diseases in...

    Authors: Behzad Eftekhar, Majid Dadmehr, Saeed Ansari, Mohammad Ghodsi, Bashir Nazparvar and Ebrahim Ketabchi

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2006 6:22

    Content type: Research article

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  2. The two human cerebral hemispheres are continuously interacting, through excitatory and inhibitory influences and one critical structure subserving this interhemispheric balance is the corpus callosum. Interhe...

    Authors: Shirley Fecteau, Maryse Lassonde and Hugo Théoret

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2006 6:21

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Intravenous methylprednisolone (IV-MP) is an established treatment for multiple sclerosis (MS) relapses, accompanied by rapid, though transient reduction of gadolinium enhancing (Gd+) lesions on brain MRI. Int...

    Authors: Florian Then Bergh, Tania Kümpfel, Erina Schumann, Ulrike Held, Michaela Schwan, Mirjana Blazevic, Axel Wismüller, Florian Holsboer, Alexander Yassouridis, Manfred Uhr, Frank Weber, Martin Daumer, Claudia Trenkwalder and Dorothee P Auer

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2006 6:19

    Content type: Research article

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  4. A substantial proportion of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients discontinue interferon-beta (IFNβ) treatment due to various adverse effects, most of which emerge at the early phase after initiation of the treatme...

    Authors: Jun-ichi Satoh, Yusuke Nanri, Hiroko Tabunoki and Takashi Yamamura

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2006 6:18

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Widespread cortical atrophy in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) has been described in neuropathological studies. The presence of cortical atrophy in conventional and scientific neuroimaging has been a matte...

    Authors: Julian Grosskreutz, Jörn Kaufmann, Julia Frädrich, Reinhard Dengler, Hans-Jochen Heinze and Thomas Peschel

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2006 6:17

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Available screening tests for dementia are of limited usefulness because they are influenced by the patient's culture and educational level. The Eurotest, an instrument based on the knowledge and handling of m...

    Authors: Cristobal Carnero-Pardo, Manuel Gurpegui, Emilio Sanchez-Cantalejo, Ana Frank, Santiago Mola, M Sagrario Barquero and M Teresa Montoro-Rios

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2006 6:15

    Content type: Research article

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  7. The present study was aimed at investigating the writing parameters of writer's cramp patients and control subjects during handwriting of a test sentence in the absence of visual control.

    Authors: Vihren Chakarov, Sibylla Hummel, Florian Losch, Jürgen Schulte-Mönting and Rumyana Kristeva

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2006 6:14

    Content type: Research article

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  8. While multiple sclerosis (MS) and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) are primarily inflammatory and degenerative disorders respectively, there is increasing evidence for shared cellular mechanisms that may af...

    Authors: Yiangos Yiangou, Paul Facer, Pascal Durrenberger, Iain P Chessell, Alan Naylor, Chas Bountra, Richard R Banati and Praveen Anand

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2006 6:12

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Chorea in Huntington's Disease (HD) is usually treated with antidopaminergic neuroleptics like haloperidol, olanzapine and tiaprid or dopamine depleting drugs like tetrabenazine. Some patients with hyperkinesi...

    Authors: Carsten Saft, Thorsten Lauter, Peter H Kraus, Horst Przuntek and Juergen E Andrich

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2006 6:11

    Content type: Research article

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  10. In a sample of patients in clinical occupational medicine we have demonstrated that an upper limb neurological examination can reliably identify patterns of findings suggesting upper limb focal neuropathies. T...

    Authors: Jørgen R Jepsen, Lise H Laursen, Carl-Göran Hagert, Svend Kreiner and Anders I Larsen

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2006 6:10

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Although the neural mechanism of chronic fatigue syndrome has been investigated by a number of researchers, it remains poorly understood.

    Authors: Masaaki Tanaka, Norihiro Sadato, Tomohisa Okada, Kei Mizuno, Tetsuya Sasabe, Hiroki C Tanabe, Daisuke N Saito, Hirotaka Onoe, Hirohiko Kuratsune and Yasuyoshi Watanabe

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2006 6:9

    Content type: Research article

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  12. We have previously assessed the reproducibility of manual testing of the strength in 14 individual upper limb muscles in patients with or without upper limb complaints. This investigation aimed at additionally...

    Authors: Jorgen R Jepsen, Lise H Laursen, Carl-Goran Hagert, Svend Kreiner and Anders I Larsen

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2006 6:8

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI) can sometimes lead to persistent postconcussion symptoms. One well accepted hypothesis claims that chronic PCS has a neural origin, and is related to neurobehavioral deficits...

    Authors: Annette Sterr, Katherine A Herron, Chantal Hayward and Daniela Montaldi

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2006 6:7

    Content type: Research article

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  14. The motor neuron degenerative disease spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is the leading genetic cause of infant mortality and is caused by mutations in the survival of motor neurons (SMN) gene that reduce the expre...

    Authors: Stephen J Kolb, Amelie K Gubitz, Robert F Olszewski Jr, Elizabeth Ottinger, Charlotte J Sumner, Kenneth H Fischbeck and Gideon Dreyfuss

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2006 6:6

    Content type: Research article

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  15. It is common knowledge that the frontal lobes mediate complex human behavior and that damage to these regions can cause executive dysfunction, apathy, disinhibition and personality changes. However, it is less...

    Authors: Alexander A Grunsfeld and Ivan S Login

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2006 6:4

    Content type: Case report

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  16. Recent studies show that inflammatory processes may contribute to neuropathic pain. Cyclooxygenase-2 (Cox-2) is an inducible enzyme responsible for production of prostanoids, which may sensitise sensory neuron...

    Authors: Pascal F Durrenberger, Paul Facer, Maria A Casula, Yiangos Yiangou, Roy A Gray, Iain P Chessell, Nicola C Day, Sue D Collins, Sharon Bingham, Alex W Wilson, David Elliot, Rolfe Birch and Praveen Anand

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2006 6:1

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Diabetes mellitus type II afflicts at least 2 million people in Iran. Neuropathy is one of the most common complications of diabetes and lowers the patient's quality of life. Since neuropathy often leads to ul...

    Authors: Fargol Booya, Fatemeh Bandarian, Bagher Larijani, Mohammad Pajouhi, Mahdi Nooraei and Jamshid Lotfi

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2005 5:24

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Obesity causes or exacerbates a host of medical conditions, including cardiovascular, pulmonary, and endocrine diseases. Recently obesity in elderly women was associated with greater risk of dementia, white ma...

    Authors: Michael A Ward, Cynthia M Carlsson, Mehul A Trivedi, Mark A Sager and Sterling C Johnson

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2005 5:23

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS), Persian Gulf War Illness (PGI), and fibromyalgia are overlapping symptom complexes without objective markers or known pathophysiology. Neurological dysfunction is common. We ass...

    Authors: James N Baraniuk, Begona Casado, Hilda Maibach, Daniel J Clauw, Lewis K Pannell and Sonja Hess S

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2005 5:22

    Content type: Research article

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  20. In Asia, stroke incidence varies dramatically from country to country. Little is known about stroke incidence in Asians/Pacific Islanders in the US, where regional heterogeneity in Asian/Pacific Islander sub-p...

    Authors: Mai N Nguyen-Huynh and S Claiborne Johnston

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2005 5:21

    Content type: Research article

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  21. The genetic epidemiology of ischemic stroke remains relatively unstudied, and information about the genetic epidemiology of ischemic stroke in populations with significant minority representation is currently ...

    Authors: Lynda D Lisabeth, Melinda A Smith, Devin L Brown, Ken Uchino and Lewis B Morgenstern

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2005 5:20

    Content type: Research article

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  22. The etiology of multiple sclerosis (MS) is at present not fully elucidated, although it is considered to result from the interaction of environmental and genetic susceptibility factors. In this work we aimed a...

    Authors: Alfonso Martínez, Ana Mas, Virginia de las Heras, Rafael Arroyo, Miguel Fernández-Arquero, Emilio G de la Concha and Elena Urcelay

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2005 5:19

    Content type: Research article

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  23. After perinatal brain injury, clinico-anatomic correlations of functional deficits and brain plasticity remain difficult to evaluate clinically in the young infant. Thus, new non-invasive methods capable of ea...

    Authors: Mohamed L Seghier, François Lazeyras, Slava Zimine, Sonja Saudan-Frei, Avinoam B Safran and Petra S Huppi

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2005 5:17

    Content type: Case report

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  24. Primary angiitis of the central nervous system is an idiopathic disorder characterized by vasculitis within the dural confines. The clinical presentation shows a wide variation and the course and the duration ...

    Authors: Carsten Lukas, Kathy Keyvani and Christian Börnke

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2005 5:16

    Content type: Case report

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  25. Parkinsonian symptoms have been associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Several studies have reported on the prevalence of signs and symptoms. Symptoms questionnaires can identify potential PD cases...

    Authors: Lianna S Ishihara, Kay-Tee Khaw, Robert Luben, Sheila Bingham, Ailsa Welch, Nicholas Day and Carol Brayne

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2005 5:15

    Content type: Research article

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  26. There is only limited data on improvements of critical medical care is resulting in a better outcome of comatose survivors of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) with generalized myoclonus. There is also a pau...

    Authors: Frank Thömke, Jürgen J Marx, Oliver Sauer, Thomas Hundsberger, Stefan Hägele, Jascha Wiechelt and Sacha L Weilemann

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2005 5:14

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Among the main clinical applications of the H-reflex are the evaluation of the S1 nerve root conductivity such as radiculopathy and measurement of the excitability of the spinal motoneurons in neurological con...

    Authors: Mohammadreza Alavian Ghavanini, Alireza Ashraf, Shahram Sadeghi and Mohammadreza Emad

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2005 5:13

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Post dural punction headache (PDPH) occurs in 10% to 40% of the patients who had a lumbar puncture. Its symptoms can be severe and incapacitating. The epidural blood patch is widely accepted as the treatment o...

    Authors: R Oedit, F van Kooten, SLM Bakker and DWJ Dippel

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2005 5:12

    Content type: Study protocol

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  29. Fibroblast growth factor 20 (FGF20) is a neurotrophic factor preferentially expressed in the substantia nigra of rat brain and could be involved in dopaminergic neurons survival. Recently, a strong genetic ass...

    Authors: Jordi Clarimon, Georgia Xiromerisiou, Johanna Eerola, Vanesa Gourbali, Olli Hellström, Euthimios Dardiotis, Terhi Peuralinna, Alexandros Papadimitriou, George M Hadjigeorgiou, Pentti J Tienari and Andrew B Singleton

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2005 5:11

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Recent trials suggest that angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI) are effective in prevention of ischemic stroke, as measured by reduced stroke incidence. We aimed to compare stroke severity between s...

    Authors: Magdy Selim, Sean Savitz, Italo Linfante, Louis Caplan and Gottfried Schlaug

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2005 5:10

    Content type: Research article

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  31. To compare the characteristics and prognostic features of ischemic stroke in patients with diabetes and without diabetes, and to determine the independent predictors of in-hospital mortality in people with dia...

    Authors: Adrià Arboix, Antoni Rivas, Luis García-Eroles, Lourdes de Marcos, Joan Massons and Montserrat Oliveres

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2005 5:9

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Many types of research on dementia and cognitive impairment require large sample sizes. Detailed in-person assessment using batteries of neuropyschologic testing is expensive. This study evaluates whether a br...

    Authors: Valerie C Crooks, Linda Clark, Diana B Petitti, Helena Chui and Vicki Chiu

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2005 5:8

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Multiple types of mononucleate cells reside among the multinucleate myofibers in skeletal muscles and these mononucleate cells function in muscle maintenance and repair. How neuromuscular disease might affect ...

    Authors: Mahasweta Girgenrath, Christine A Kostek and Jeffrey Boone Miller

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2005 5:7

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Cluster headache (CH) is a neurovascular, primary headache disorder. There are, however, several case reports about patients whose CH started shortly after a structural brain disease or trauma. Motivated by a ...

    Authors: Peter Sörös, Oanh Vo, Heinrich Gerding, Ingo W Husstedt and Stefan Evers

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2005 5:6

    Content type: Research article

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  35. parkin mutations are a common cause of parkinsonism. Possessing two parkin mutations leads to early-onset parkinsonism, while having one mutation may predispose to late-onset disease. This dosage pattern suggest...

    Authors: Parvoneh Poorkaj, Lina Moses, Jennifer S Montimurro, John G Nutt, Gerard D Schellenberg and Haydeh Payami

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2005 5:4

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Vestibular rehabilitation (VR) is a well-accepted exercise program intended to remedy balance impairment caused by damage to the peripheral vestibular system. Alternative therapies, such as Tai Chi (TC), have ...

    Authors: Chris A McGibbon, David E Krebs, Stephen W Parker, Donna M Scarborough, Peter M Wayne and Steven L Wolf

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2005 5:3

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Autonomic nervous system (ANS) dysfunction is present in up to one third of patients with tetanus. The prognostic value of ANS dysfunction is known in severe tetanus but its value is not well established in mi...

    Authors: Mohammad Wasay, Bhojo A Khealani, Naasha Talati, Rohmah Shamsi, Nadir A Syed and Naseem Salahuddin

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2005 5:2

    Content type: Research article

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  38. The brain-derived protein S100B has been shown to be a useful marker of brain injury of different etiologies. Cognitive dysfunction after cardiac surgery using cardiopulmonary bypass has been reported to occur...

    Authors: Henrik Jönsson, Per Johnsson, Martin Bäckström, Christer Alling, Cecilia Dautovic-Bergh and Sten Blomquist

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2004 4:24

    Content type: Research article

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  39. The genes encoding proteins in the thrombomodulin-protein C pathway are promising candidate genes for stroke susceptibility because of their importance in thrombosis regulation and inflammatory response. Sever...

    Authors: John W Cole, Stacy C Roberts, Margaret Gallagher, Wayne H Giles, Braxton D Mitchell, Karen K Steinberg, Marcella A Wozniak, Richard F Macko, Laurie J Reinhart and Steven J Kittner

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2004 4:21

    Content type: Research article

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