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  1. To examine age and sex specific incidence and 30 day case fatality for subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH) in Scotland over a 20 year period.

    Authors: Karen J Macpherson, James D Lewsey, Pardeep S Jhund, Michelle Gillies, Jim WT Chalmers, Adam Redpath, Andrew Briggs, Matthew Walters, Peter Langhorne, Simon Capewell, John JV McMurray and Kate MacIntyre

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2011 11:38

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is an autosomal recessive disorder that affects the motoneurons of the spinal anterior horn, resulting in hypotonia and muscle weakness. The disease is caused by deletion or mutat...

    Authors: Illora A Darbar, Paulo G Plaggert, Maria Bernadete D Resende, Edmar Zanoteli and Umbertina C Reed

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2011 11:36

    Content type: Research article

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  3. In idiopathic Parkinson's disease (PD) the clinical features are heterogeneous and include different predominant symptoms. The aim of the present study was to determine the relationship between subregional aro...

    Authors: Sayaka Asari, Ken-ichi Fujimoto, Akihiro Miyauchi, Toshihiko Sato, Imaharu Nakano and Shin-ichi Muramatsu

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2011 11:35

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Dysphagia is a major complication in hemispheric as well as brainstem stroke patients causing aspiration pneumonia and increased mortality. Little is known about the recovery from dysphagia after stroke. The a...

    Authors: Inga K Teismann, Sonja Suntrup, Tobias Warnecke, Olaf Steinsträter, Maren Fischer, Agnes Flöel, E Bernd Ringelstein, Christo Pantev and Rainer Dziewas

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2011 11:34

    Content type: Research article

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  5. The potential effect of age-related factors on health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of patients with epilepsy has rarely been analyzed in the literature.

    Authors: Valeria Edefonti, Francesca Bravi, Katherine Turner, Ettore Beghi, Maria Paola Canevini, Monica Ferraroni and Ada Piazzini

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2011 11:33

    Content type: Research article

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  6. The available health resources limit the amount of therapy that may be offered to children with cerebral palsy and the amount of training in each session may be insufficient to drive the neuroplastic changes, ...

    Authors: Peder E Bilde, Mette Kliim-Due, Betina Rasmussen, Line Z Petersen, Tue H Petersen and Jens B Nielsen

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2011 11:32

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Celiac disease (CD) is a common systemic disease related to a permanent intolerance to gluten and is often associated with different autoimmune and neurological diseases. Its mean prevalence in the general pop...

    Authors: Luis Rodrigo, Carlos Hernández-Lahoz, Dolores Fuentes, Noemí Alvarez, Antonio López-Vázquez and Segundo González

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2011 11:31

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Headaches are more frequent in Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS) than healthy control (HC) subjects. The 2004 International Headache Society (IHS) criteria were used to define CFS headache phenotypes.

    Authors: Murugan K Ravindran, Yin Zheng, Christian Timbol, Samantha J Merck and James N Baraniuk

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2011 11:30

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Cerebral small vessel disease (SVD) is a frequent finding on CT and MRI scans of elderly people and is related to vascular risk factors and cognitive and motor impairment, ultimately leading to dementia or par...

    Authors: Anouk GW van Norden, Karlijn F de Laat, Rob AR Gons, Inge WM van Uden, Ewoud J van Dijk, Lucas JB van Oudheusden, Rianne AJ Esselink, Bastiaan R Bloem, Baziel GM van Engelen, Machiel J Zwarts, Indira Tendolkar, Marcel G Olde-Rikkert, Maureen J van der Vlugt, Marcel P Zwiers, David G Norris and Frank-Erik de Leeuw

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2011 11:29

    Content type: Study protocol

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  10. Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a neurological disorder with a lifetime prevalence of 3-10%. in European studies. However, the diagnosis of RLS in primary care remains low and mistreatment is common.

    Authors: Diego Garcia-Borreguero, Paul Stillman, Heike Benes, Heiner Buschmann, K Ray Chaudhuri, Victor M Gonzalez Rodríguez, Birgit Högl, Ralf Kohnen, Giorgio Carlo Monti, Karin Stiasny-Kolster, Claudia Trenkwalder, Anne-Marie Williams and Marco Zucconi

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2011 11:28

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Many individuals diagnosed with Multiple Sclerosis (MS) are sensitive to increased body temperature, which has been recognized as correlating with the symptom of fatigue. The need to explore this association h...

    Authors: Gullvi Flensner, Anna-Christina Ek, Olle Söderhamn and Anne-Marie Landtblom

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2011 11:27

    Content type: Research article

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  12. In daily clinical setting, some patients affected by relapsing-remitting Multiple Sclerosis (RRMS) are switched from the low-dose to the high-dose Interferon beta (IFNB) in order to achieve a better control of...

    Authors: Luca Prosperini, Giovanna Borriello, Laura De Giglio, Laura Leonardi, Valeria Barletta and Carlo Pozzilli

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2011 11:26

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Occipital nerve stimulation (ONS) has raised new hope for drug-resistant chronic cluster headache (drCCH), a devastating condition. However its mode of action remains elusive. Since the long delay to meaningfu...

    Authors: Delphine Magis, Marie-Aurélie Bruno, Arnaud Fumal, Pierre-Yves Gérardy, Roland Hustinx, Steven Laureys and Jean Schoenen

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2011 11:25

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Memory is one of the most impaired functions after traumatic brain injury (TBI). We used diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) to determine the structural basis of memory deficit. We correlated fractional anisotropy ...

    Authors: Eva M Palacios, Davinia Fernandez-Espejo, Carme Junque, Rocio Sanchez-Carrion, Teresa Roig, Jose M Tormos, Nuria Bargallo and Pere Vendrell

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2011 11:24

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS) is increasingly recognized as a cause of disability and inactivity in adolescents in the Netherlands. CFS is characterized by unexplained fatigue lasting more than 6 months. Cogn...

    Authors: Sanne L Nijhof, Gijs Bleijenberg, Cuno SPM Uiterwaal, Jan LL Kimpen and Elise M van de Putte

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2011 11:23

    Content type: Study protocol

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  16. Large-artery intracranial atherosclerosis may be the most frequent cause of ischemic stroke worldwide. Traditional approaches have attempted to target the disease when it is already symptomatic. However, early...

    Authors: Elena López-Cancio, Laura Dorado, Mónica Millán, Silvia Reverté, Anna Suñol, Anna Massuet, María Mataró, Amparo Galán, Maite Alzamora, Guillem Pera, Pere Torán, Antoni Dávalos and Juan F Arenillas

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2011 11:22

    Content type: Study protocol

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  17. Of the estimated 5.3 million people with Alzheimer's disease in the United States, more than half would be classified as having moderate or severe disease. Alzheimer's disease is a progressive disorder with th...

    Authors: Marwan Sabbagh and Jeffrey Cummings

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2011 11:21

    Content type: Review

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  18. Various functional resonance imaging, magnetoencephalographic and lesion studies suggest the involvement of the insular cortex in the control of swallowing. However, the exact location of insular activation du...

    Authors: Peter Sörös, Faisal Al-Otaibi, Savio WH Wong, J Kevin Shoemaker, Seyed M Mirsattari, Vladimir Hachinski and Ruth E Martin

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2011 11:20

    Content type: Case report

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  19. Authors: Jessica M Nielsen, Christoph Pohl, Chris H Polman, Frederik Barkhof, Mark S Freedman, Gilles Edan, David H Miller, Lars Bauer, Rupert Sandbrink, Ludwig Kappos and Bernard MJ Uitdehaag

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2011 11:19

    Content type: Erratum

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    The original article was published in BMC Neurology 2009 9:19

  20. Nearly half of all patients diagnosed with multiple sclerosis (MS) will develop cognitive dysfunction. Studies highlighted from no/weak impact to a strong impact of cognitive impairment on quality of life (QoL...

    Authors: Karine Baumstarck-Barrau, Marie-Claude Simeoni, Françoise Reuter, Irina Klemina, Valérie Aghababian, Jean Pelletier and Pascal Auquier

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2011 11:17

    Content type: Research article

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  21. We aimed to examine current practice of the management and secondary prevention of intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH) in China where the disease is more common than in Western populations.

    Authors: Jade W Wei, Yining Huang, Ji-Guang Wang, Ming Liu, Lawrence KS Wong, Qifang Huang, Li'e Wu, Emma L Heeley, Hisatomi Arima and Craig S Anderson

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2011 11:16

    Content type: Research article

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  22. The major difficulty in postoperative care in patients after craniotomy is to distinguish the intracranial deficits from the residual effect of general anesthesia. In present study, we used cerebral state inde...

    Authors: Ming Xu, Yan-Ni Lei and Jian-Xin Zhou

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2011 11:15

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Stroke is a major cause of death and leading cause of disability in the United States. To maximize a stroke patient's chances of receiving thrombolytic treatment for acute ischemic stroke, it is important to i...

    Authors: Prasanthi Govindarajan, David Ghilarducci, Charles McCulloch, Jessica Pierog, Evan Bloom and Claiborne Johnston

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2011 11:14

    Content type: Study protocol

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  24. The clinical presentation in progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP), an atypical parkinsonian disorder, includes varying degrees of frontal dysexecutive symptoms. Using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) and tractog...

    Authors: Pia Kvickström, Bengt Eriksson, Danielle van Westen, Jimmy Lätt, Christina Elfgren and Christer Nilsson

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2011 11:13

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Acute/subacute cerebral infarction (ASCI) in HIV-negative cryptococcal meningoencephalitis (CM) adults has rarely been examined by a series of MRI-based follow-up study. We studied a series of MRI follow-up st...

    Authors: Shu-Fang Chen, Cheng-Hsien Lu, Chun-Chung Lui, Chi-Ren Huang, Yao-Chung Chuang, Teng-Yeow Tan, Nai-Wen Tsai, Chiung-Chih Chang, Wan-Chen Tsai and Wen-Neng Chang

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2011 11:12

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Epilepsy is a neurological disorder, characterized by recurrent unprovoked seizures which have a high impact on the individual as well as on society as a whole. In addition to the economic burden, epilepsy imp...

    Authors: Reina JA de Kinderen, Danielle AJE Lambrechts, Debby Postulart, Alfons GH Kessels, Jos GM Hendriksen, Albert P Aldenkamp, Silvia MAA Evers and Marian HJM Majoie

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2011 11:10

    Content type: Study protocol

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  27. Schwannomatosis is a disease characterized by multiple non-vestibular schwannomas. Although biallelic NF2 mutations are found in schwannomas, no germ line event is detected in schwannomatosis patients. In contras...

    Authors: Guillaume Rousseau, Tetsuro Noguchi, Violaine Bourdon, Hagay Sobol and Sylviane Olschwang

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2011 11:9

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Neuropathic pain (NeP) is a common symptom of a group of a variety of conditions, including diabetic neuropathy, trigeminal neuralgia, or postherpetic neuralgia. Prevalence of NeP has been estimated to range b...

    Authors: Ana Navarro, María T Saldaña, Concepción Pérez, Sandra Torrades and Javier Rejas

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2011 11:7

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Stroke is a major cause of dysphagia, but little is known about when and how dysphagic patients should be fed and treated after an acute stroke. The purpose of this study is to establish the feasibility, risks...

    Authors: Hideaki Takahata, Keisuke Tsutsumi, Hiroshi Baba, Izumi Nagata and Masahiro Yonekura

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2011 11:6

    Content type: Research article

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  30. The variations of the circle of Willis (CW) are clinically important as patients with effective collateral circulations have a lower risk of transient ischemic attack and stroke than those with ineffective col...

    Authors: K Ranil D De Silva, Rukmal Silva, Dhammika Amaratunga, WSL Gunasekera and Rohan W Jayesekera

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2011 11:5

    Content type: Research article

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  31. DNA polymerase γ (POLG) is the only known mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) polymerase. It mediates mtDNA replication and base excision repair. Mutations in the POLG gene lead to reduction of functional mtDNA (mtDNA depl...

    Authors: André Schaller, Dagmar Hahn, Christopher B Jackson, Ilse Kern, Christophe Chardot, Dominique C Belli, Sabina Gallati and Jean-Marc Nuoffer

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2011 11:4

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Epilepsy affects an estimated 50 million people and accounts for approximately 1% of days lost to ill health globally, making it one of the most common, serious neurological disorders. While there are abundant...

    Authors: Maree L Hackett, Nicholas S Glozier, Alexandra L Martiniuk, Stephen Jan and Craig S Anderson

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2011 11:3

    Content type: Study protocol

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  33. Delayed arrival at hospital is one of the major obstacles in enhancing the rate of thrombolysis therapy in patients with acute ischemic stroke. Our study aimed to investigate factors associated with prehospita...

    Authors: Young Seo Kim, Sang-Soon Park, Hee-Joon Bae, A-Hyun Cho, Yong-Jin Cho, Moon-Ku Han, Ji Hoe Heo, Kyusik Kang, Dong-Eog Kim, Hahn Young Kim, Gyeong-Moon Kim, Sun Uk Kwon, Hyung-Min Kwon, Byung-Chul Lee, Kyung Bok Lee, Seung-Hoon Lee…

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2011 11:2

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Medication-overuse headache (MOH) is a frequent, disabling disorder. Despite a controversial pathophysiology convincing evidence attributes a pivotal role to central sensitization. Most patients with MOH initi...

    Authors: Gianluca Coppola, Antonio Currà, Cherubino Di Lorenzo, Vincenzo Parisi, Manuela Gorini, Simona Liliana Sava, Jean Schoenen and Francesco Pierelli

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2010 10:126

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Though vascular factors may be important in the aetiology of late-life depression, it is not clear whether they have a major effect on the risk of depression after a stroke. We investigated the relationship be...

    Authors: Kausik Chatterjee, Susan Fall and David Barer

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2010 10:125

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Parkinson's disease (PD) patients have an increased risk of under-nutrition, but we are unaware of any population based prevalence studies of under-nutrition in PD. The main objective of this study was to iden...

    Authors: Ahmed F Jaafar, William K Gray, Bob Porter, Elizabeth J Turnbull and Richard W Walker

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2010 10:124

    Content type: Research article

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  37. In patients with patent foramen ovale (PFO) there is evidence supporting the hypothesis of a change in right-to-left shunt (RLS) over time. Proven, this could have implications for the care of patients with PF...

    Authors: Christian Tanislav, Manfred Kaps, Marek Jauss, Erwin Stolz, Wolfgang Pabst, Max Nedelmann, Mathias Grebe, Frank Reichenberger and Jens Allendoerfer

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2010 10:123

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Despite lack of outward signs, most individuals after non-disabling stroke (NDS) and transient ischemic attack (TIA) have significant cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease and are at high risk of a major ...

    Authors: Marilyn MacKay-Lyons, Gordon Gubitz, Nicholas Giacomantonio, Howard Wightman, David Marsters, Kara Thompson, Chris Blanchard, Gail Eskes and Marianne Thornton

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2010 10:122

    Content type: Study protocol

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  39. Synesthesia is, as visual migraine aura, a common and fascinating perceptual phenomenon. Here we present a unique case with synesthesias exclusively during visual migraine auras.

    Authors: Karl B Alstadhaug and Espen Benjaminsen

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2010 10:121

    Content type: Case report

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  40. Syndrome of transient Headache and Neurological Deficits with cerebrospinal fluid Lymphocitosis (HaNDL) is a rare disease which can present with focal neurological deficits and mimic stroke. A neurologist-on-d...

    Authors: Tomas Segura, Francisco Hernandez-Fernandez, Pedro Sanchez-Ayaso, Elena Lozano and Lorenzo Abad

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2010 10:120

    Content type: Case report

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  41. Migraine has been associated with cardiovascular disorders. Endothelial dysfunction may be a mechanism underlying this association. The present study tested the hypothesis that endothelium-dependent vasodilati...

    Authors: Floris H Vanmolkot and Jan N de Hoon

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2010 10:119

    Content type: Research article

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  42. We report on the case of an established perinuclear antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (pANCA) associated renal vasculitis being treated with prednisolone and rituximab, where the patient presented with leg w...

    Authors: Alexander J Hamilton, Duncan J Whitehead, Matthew D Bull and Richard J D'Souza

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2010 10:118

    Content type: Case report

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  43. Lyme Neuroborreliosis (LNB) in a human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive patient is a rare co-infection and has only been reported four times in literature. No case of an HIV patient with a meningoencephal...

    Authors: Nathalie D van Burgel, Mayke Oosterloo, Frank P Kroon and Alje P van Dam

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2010 10:117

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  44. Patients frequently fail to receive adequate pain relief from, or are intolerant of, first-line therapies prescribed for neuropathic pain (NeP). This refractory chronic pain causes psychological distress and i...

    Authors: Melanie Plested, Sangeeta Budhia and Zahava Gabriel

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2010 10:116

    Content type: Research article

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  45. There is a strong maternal parent-of-origin effect in determining susceptibility to multiple sclerosis (MS). One hypothesis is that an abnormal intrauterine milieu leading to impaired fetal development could p...

    Authors: Sreeram V Ramagopalan, Colleen Guimond, Maria Criscuoli, David A Dyment, Sarah-Michelle Orton, Irene M Yee, George C Ebers and Dessa Sadovnick

    Citation: BMC Neurology 2010 10:115

    Content type: Research article

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