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  1. Immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICI) combined with chemotherapy has exhibited promising results in small sample studies of pancreatic cancer patients. The efficacy of toripalimab, a programmed cell death protein ...

    Authors: Jianping He, Xi Chen, Ke Cheng, Wanrui Lv, Dan Cao and Zhiping Li
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:96
  2. The early detection and identification of stroke are essential to the prognosis of patients with suspected stroke symptoms out-of-hospital. We aimed to develop a risk prediction model based on the FAST score t...

    Authors: Sheng Ye, Huiqing Pan, Weijia Li, Jinqiang Wang and Hailong Zhang
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:95
  3. We evaluated the value of electrophysiological indicators by external anal sphincter electromyography (EAS-EMG), sympathetic skin response (SSR), R-R interval variation (RRIV), and Bulbocavernosus Reflex (BCR)...

    Authors: Wangwang Hu, Yifan Cheng, Jie Pan, Xun Wang, Shaojing Li, Zijian Fan, Bei Shao and Xiaoting Niu
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:94
  4. Although it is well known that regular physical activity and exercise, as well as maintaining adequate nutritional status is important to delaying symptom development and maintaining physical capacity and func...

    Authors: Sigrid Ryeng Alnes, Ellisiv Lærum-Onsager, Asta Bye, Annette Vistven, Erika Franzén, Mette Holst and Therese Brovold
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:93
  5. Fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD) has a high prevalence of associated nontraumatic carotid artery dissection, which could further result in transient ischaemic attack (TIA) or stroke. Limb shaking TIA is an unusua...

    Authors: Lei Si, Jing Tu, Hui Lei, Liya Ji, Zhiyong Zhang and Zhiqin Liu
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:91
  6. Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a rare neuromuscular disorder leading to early death in the majority of affected individuals without treatment. Recently, targeted treatment approaches including Onasemnogene A...

    Authors: Georg M. Stettner, Oswald Hasselmann, Anne Tscherter, Elea Galiart, David Jacquier and Andrea Klein
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:88
  7. H3K27-altered diffuse midline gliomas are uncommon central nervous system tumors with extremely poor prognoses.

    Authors: A. Kaywan Aftahy, Vicki M. Butenschoen, Lisa Hoenikl, Friederike Liesche-Starnecker, Benedikt Wiestler, Friederike Schmidt-Graf, Bernhard Meyer and Jens Gempt
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:87
  8. Outcome assessment in stroke patients is essential for evidence-based stroke care planning. Computed tomography (CT) is the mainstay of diagnosis in acute stroke. This study aimed to investigate whether CT-der...

    Authors: Narine Mesropyan, Louisa Khorsandian, Anton Faron, Alois M. Sprinkart, Franziska Dorn, Daniel Paech, Alexander Isaak, Daniel Kuetting, Claus C. Pieper, Alexander Radbruch, Ulrike I. Attenberger, Jens Reimann, Felix J. Bode, Cornelia Kornblum and Julian A. Luetkens
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:86
  9. Sensoready® autoinjector pen facilitates self-administration of subcutaneous ofatumumab injections at home. We aim to investigate patient and nurse preference for using Sensoready® versus comparator autoinject...

    Authors: Amy Perrin Ross, Christian Besser, Shubhanvita Naval, Dee Stoneman, Harriet Gaunt and Noreen Barker
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:85
  10. Two trials in Chinese population showed that endovascular treatment (EVT) alone was noninferior to alteplase follow by EVT at 90 days. However, results of long-term clinical outcomes remain unknown. We reporte...

    Authors: Zhongfan Ruan, Xiaojun Luo, Yongkang Liu, Fengli Li, Jincheng Liu and Wenjie Zi
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:84
  11. This study aimed to assess the epidemiological features and explore the potential risk factors for early neurological deterioration (END) in patients with acute single small subcortical infarction (SSSI) who u...

    Authors: Di Jin, Jing Yang, Hui Zhu, Yuexia Wu, Haichao Liu, Qi Wang, Xiaoyun Zhang, Yanhua Dong, Bin Luo, Yong Shan, Lvming Zhang, Peifu Wang and Jichen Du
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:83
  12. The endovascular treatment procedure in tandem occlusions (TO) is complex compared to single occlusion (SO) and optimal management remains uncertain. The aim of this study was to identify clinical and procedur...

    Authors: Brian Anthony B. Enriquez, Terje Nome, Cecilie G. Nome, Bjørn Tennøe, Christian G. Lund, Mona K. Beyer, Mona Skjelland and Anne Hege Aamodt
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:82
  13. Ectopic pituitary adenoma (EPA) is defined as a special type of pituitary adenoma that originates outside of the sellar region, is extra- or intra-cranially located, and without connection to normal pituitary ...

    Authors: Yan Li, Jian-Guo Zhu, Qing-Quan Li, Xiao-Jing Zhu and Ji-Hong Tian
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:81
  14. Limited epidemiological data are available for headache disorders in Japan, and no recent studies have reported the impact of several primary headache disorders in Japan. This study aimed to report the up-to-d...

    Authors: Koichi Hirata, Hiromi Sano, Hiroyuki Kondo, Yoshiyuki Shibasaki and Nobuyuki Koga
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:80
  15. Prognosis after vertebrobasilar stenting (VBS) may differ from that after carotid artery stenting (CAS). Here, we directly compared the incidence and predictors of in-stent restenosis and stented-territory inf...

    Authors: Jae-Chan Ryu, Jae-Han Bae, Sang Hee Ha, Boseong Kwon, Yunsun Song, Deok Hee Lee, Jun Young Chang, Dong-Wha Kang, Sun U. Kwon, Jong S. Kim and Bum Joon Kim
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:79
  16. Glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) astrocytopathy, a novel autoimmune disease of the nervous system, was first defined in 2016. To our knowledge, area postrema syndrome (APS) with linear enhancement along ...

    Authors: Xinming Liang and Yaoyao Shen
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:78
  17. Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most common primary malignant brain tumor in adults. Despite the best available treatment, prognosis remains poor. Current standard therapy consists of surgical removal of the tumor f...

    Authors: Erik Ehinger, Jan Kopecky, Anna Darabi, Edward Visse, Charlotte Edvardsson, Gregor Tomasevic, David Cederberg, Mattias Belting, Johan Bengzon and Peter Siesjö
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:76
  18. Cognitive impairment is a common complication of the acute phase of stroke, which can be transient and resolve while still in the hospital. This study evaluated the prevalence and risk factors for transient co...

    Authors: Jakub Droś, Katarzyna Kowalska, Paulina Pasińska and Aleksandra Klimkowicz-Mrowiec
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:75
  19. Stroke is the second leading cause of disease-related death and the third leading cause of disability worldwide. However, how to accurately warn of stroke onset remains extremely challenging. Recently, phenyla...

    Authors: Li Ma, Guoping Fu, Rongrong Liu, Feng Zhou, Shiye Dong, Yang Zhou, Jingwei Lou and Xinjun Wang
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:74
  20. Cerebral small vessel disease (CSVD) is a common cause of stroke and senile vascular cognitive impairment, imposing a heavy burden on public health care systems worldwide. Hypertension and 24-hour blood pressu...

    Authors: Yiwen Xu, Chen Gong, Jingxian Liao, Zhonglin Ge, Yu Tan, Yi Jiang, Mengqian Liu, Wen Zhong, Xianxian Zhang, Nan Dong and Xiaozhu Shen
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:73
  21. The corononavirus 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic resulted in modifications in the workflow and redistribution of human resources, causing challenges in setting up of an acute stroke service. We would like to share o...

    Authors: Anna Misya’il Abdul Rashid, Mohamad Syafeeq Faeez Md Noh, Abdul Hanif Khan Yusof Khan, Wei Chao Loh, Janudin Baharin, Azliza Ibrahim, Fadhilah Hani Ishak, Aminuddin Sardi, Ahmad Firdaus Hanapai, Nur Afiqah Mohamad, Liyana Najwa Inche Mat, Fan Kee Hoo, Wan Aliaa Wan Sulaiman and Hamidon Basri
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:72
  22. Fatigue is one of the most common problems in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) and has adverse effects on their sleep status and self-efficacy. This study aimed to determine the effect of distance nurse-l...

    Authors: Mahla Qomi, Mahnaz Rakhshan, Mohsen Ebrahimi Monfared and Zahra Khademian
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:71
  23. Gastrointestinal bleed (GIB) has high incidence in traumatic spinal cord injured (tSCI) patients and can frequently be life-threatening, especially early post-injury. Several risk factors often compound bleedi...

    Authors: Theodore E. Margo, Preston R. McMullin and Firas Kaddouh
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:70
  24. Autoimmune glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) astrocytopathy is a recently identified recurrent meningoencephalomyelitis with GFAP immunoglobulin G presence in the serum or cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) as a s...

    Authors: Ke Li, Jingwei Wu, Junwu Chen and Yong You
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:69
  25. According to the pathoanatomic classification system, progressive hemorrhagic injury (PHI) can be categorized into progressive intraparenchymal contusion or hematoma (pIPCH), epidural hematoma (pEDH), subdural...

    Authors: Ren Wang, Dian-Xu Yang, Jun Ding, Yan Guo, Wan-Hai Ding, Heng-Li Tian and Fang Yuan
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:68
  26. Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a demyelinating disease of the central nervous system (CNS). The most common type of MS is the relapsing–remitting MS (RRMS) where relapses are the main component of the disease cou...

    Authors: Hassan Saad Hosny, Hatem Samir Shehata, Sandra Ahmed, Ismail Ramadan, Sarah Sherif Abdo and Amr Mohamed Fouad
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:67
  27. Platelets are the primary peripheral reserve of amyloid precursor protein (APP), providing more than 90% of blood amyloid-beta (Aβ). Some oxidative stress markers and neurotransmitter markers were also differe...

    Authors: Jiajia Fu, Xiaohui Lai, Yan Huang, Ting Bao, Jing Yang, Sihui Chen, Xueping Chen and Huifang Shang
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:66
  28. We present the case of a patient with a rare synovial sarcoma (SS) of the tibial nerve. So far, only 4 cases of patients with SS originating from the tibial nerve have been described in the literature, and our...

    Authors: Pavlína Hemerková, Hana Matulová, Martin Vališ, Jiří Soukup, Martin Kanta and Jiří Jandura
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:65
  29. Multiple sclerosis (MS) has two pathophysiological processes, one inflammatory and the other degenerative. We investigated the relationship between active lesions on magnetic resonance imaging showing the infl...

    Authors: Seyda Figul Gokce, Asli Bolayır, Burhanettin Cigdem and Bulent Yildiz
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:64
  30. Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a rare neurological disorder with complex physiopathological mechanisms that have not been fully understood. Early identification is of great prognostic s...

    Authors: Xuejing Yin, Yu Duan, Lifang Zhang, Zhichao Feng, Caixia Yin, Sujie Zhu, Jinhua Chen and Xinsen Peng
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:63
  31. Gadolinium enhancement of spinal nerve roots on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has rarely been reported in spinal dural arteriovenous fistula (SDAVF). Nerve root enhancement and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) ple...

    Authors: Sharon Chiang, Douglas B. Pet, Jason F. Talbott, Sara C. LaHue, Vanja C. Douglas and Nicole Rosendale
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:62
  32. Anxiety disorder is a common non-motor symptom among individuals with Parkinson’s disease (PD). At present, there are no specific tools in China for assessing the anxiety level of patients with PD. This study ...

    Authors: Yuanyuan Jiang, Yelin Jiang, Tiantian Peng, Mengyue Wang, Manman Li, Min Zhang, Li Li and Qi Zhang
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:60
  33. Gorham-Stout disease (GSD) is a very rare disorder characterized by massive osteolysis of poorly understood aetiology. The association between GSD involving the skull base and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leakage...

    Authors: Qian-qian Xing, Meng Miao, Qiao-wei Zhang, Yue Wu and Fei-fang He
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:59
  34. Parkinson’s disease (PD) is the fastest growing neurological condition worldwide. Recent theories suggest that symptoms of PD may arise due to spread of Lewy-body pathology where the process begins in the gut ...

    Authors: Hilmar P. Sigurdsson, Heather Hunter, Lisa Alcock, Ross Wilson, Ilse Pienaar, Elizabeth Want, Mark R. Baker, John-Paul Taylor, Lynn Rochester and Alison J. Yarnall
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:58
  35. Small vessel childhood primary angiitis of the central nervous system (SV-cPACNS) is a rare disease characterized by inflammation within small vessels such as arterioles or capillaries.

    Authors: E Datyner, V Adeseye, K Porter, I Dryden, A Sarma, N Vu, AE Patrick and P Paueksakon
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:57
  36. In frontotemporal dementia (FTD) spectrum, younger patients may correspond to fusopathy cases, and cognitive decline could be rapidly progressive. We present a clinical and neuropathological description of a p...

    Authors: Ernesto García-Roldán, Eloy Rivas-Infante, Manuel Medina-Rodríguez, José Enrique Arriola-Infante, Silvia Rodrigo-Herrero, Carmen Paradas, Alberto Rábano-Gutiérrez and Emilio Franco-Macías
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:55
  37. Proper seizure control during pregnancy and postpartum is essential to optimize the outcome of women with epilepsy (WWE). The current work aimed to address factors related to seizure occurrence during pregnanc...

    Authors: Hassan Hosny, Manal Mahmoud Al Kattan, Maha A. Zaki, Gihan M. Ramzy, Salsabil Abo Al-Azayem and Rehab Magdy
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:54
  38. Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic disease affecting multiple functional aspects of patients’ lives. Depression and anxiety are common amongst persons with MS (PwMS). There has been an interest in utilizing ...

    Authors: Nathan Y. Chu, Kaitlyn E. Watson, Yazid N. Al Hamarneh, Lily Yushko, Ross T. Tsuyuki and Penelope Smyth
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:53
  39. Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) is a devastating demyelinating disorder of the central nervous system caused by opportunistic infection of the JC virus (JCV).

    Authors: Takashi Nagahori, Wataru Shiraishi, Masafumi Nishikawa, Ayano Matsuyoshi, Takenori Ogura, Yui Yamada, Kenta Takahashi, Tadaki Suzuki, Kazuo Nakamichi, Tetsuya Hashimoto and Taketo Hatano
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:52
  40. Liver fibrosis has been considered a predictor of cardiovascular disease. This study aimed to evaluate whether the degree of liver fibrosis is related to post-stroke depression (PSD) at 3 months follow-up.

    Authors: Yun Zhang, Yao Yang, Yue Feng, Zhonglun Chen, Lin He, Shu Xie, Jian Shi, Bufan Yang and Yufeng Tang
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:50
  41. Primary cerebral epithelioid angiosarcoma (PCEA) is a rare malignant tumor of the central nervous system. To the best of our knowledge, only three cases have been reported in the English language literature th...

    Authors: Renzhao Kuang, Shun Li and Yuanchuan Wang
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2023 23:49

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