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Table 2 Univariate analysis between study or population characteristics and reported infection rates

From: Post-stroke infection: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Study/population characteristic* No. of studies No. of evaluated patients P-value
Study design    
   Prospective design 18 9174 0.82
   Consecutive enrollment 18 9174 0.42
   Study aim on infection 18 9174 0.89
   Observation period 17 8844 0.03
Population characteristics    
   Income country 18 9174 0.94
   Age 18 9174 0.35
   Gender 18 9174 0.86
   ICU population 18 9174 0.05
   Infarction of bleeding 18 9174 0.15
   Stroke severity (NIHSS) 5 1818 0.14
   Lowered consciousness 6 2365 0.06
   Dysphagia 6 395 0.97
  1. Footnote Table 2: definitions of characteristics can be found in Additional File 1: Table S3