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  1. Trigeminal neuropathy is characterized by numbness in the region innervated by the trigeminal nerves, with or without neuropathic weakness in the muscles of mastication. Trigeminal neuritis is a form of trigem...

    Authors: Hyunsoo Kim, Kyung Wook Kang, Jae-Myung Kim and Man-Seok Park
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:294
  2. Chronic Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyradiculoneuropathy (CIDP), a rare disorder affecting young adults, causes gradual weakness of the limbs, areflexia and impaired sensory function. New CIDP phenotypes with...

    Authors: O. Moranne, IM. Ion, R. Cezar, Z. Messikh, C. Prelipcean, S. Chkair, E. Thouvenot, Tu Anh Tran, P. Corbeau and T. Chevallier
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:293
  3. Congenital myasthenic syndromes (CMSs) are rare genetic diseases due to abnormalities of the neuromuscular junction leading to permanent or transient muscle fatigability and weakness. To date, 32 genes were fo...

    Authors: Youssef El Kadiri, Ilham Ratbi, Abdelaziz Sefiani and Jaber Lyahyai
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:292
  4. Early detection of acute ischemic stroke (AIS) may provide patients with benefits against harmful health and financial impacts. The use of non-contrast computed tomography images for early detect of the infarc...

    Authors: Jianping Yu, Zhi Zhang, Qingping Xue, Tao He, Chun Luo, Kaimin Zhuo, Qian Yang, Tianzhu Xu, Jing Zhang and Fan Xu
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:291
  5. Even with high standards of acute care and neurological early rehabilitation (NER) a substantial number of patients with neurological conditions still need mechanical ventilation and/or airway protection by tr...

    Authors: Thomas Platz, Thomas Kohlmann, Steffen Fleßa, Bernadette Einhäupl, Martha Koppelow, Lina Willacker, Hans-Jürgen Gdynia, Esther Henning, Jürgen Herzog, Friedemann Müller, Dennis A. Nowak, Romy Pletz, Felix Schlachetzki, Tobias Schmidt-Wilcke, Michael Schüttler, Andreas Straube…
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:290
  6. Patients with a transient ischemic attack (TIA) or ischemic stroke are at increased risk of developing cognitive impairment in the subacute phase. At present, the effects of exercise on cognitive functioning f...

    Authors: Inger A. Deijle, Roelofjan Hemmes, H. Myrthe Boss, Edwin C. de Melker, Bob T. J. van den Berg, Gert Kwakkel, Erwin van Wegen, Wendy M. Bosboom, Henry C. Weinstein, Sander M. van Schaik and Renske M. Van den Berg-Vos
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:289
  7. The objective of this report is to share the clinicopathological features of chemotherapy-induced toxic leukoencephalopathy, which is a rare and under-recognized disease, clinically characterized by rapidly pr...

    Authors: Ka Young Lim, Seong-Ik Kim, Hyunhee Kim, Jeongwan Kang, Jin Woo Park, Jae Kyung Won, Dong-Yeop Shin and Sung-Hye Park
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:288
  8. Traumatic acute subdural haematoma is a debilitating condition. Laterality intuitively influences management and outcome. However, in contrast to stroke, this research area is rarely studied. The aim is to inv...

    Authors: V. D. N. Hoogslag, T. A. van Essen, M. D. Dijkman, W. Moudrous, G. G. Schoonman and W. C. Peul
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:287
  9. Liver abscess is a common emergency in the emergency department. However, cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) is a rare and serious cerebrovascular disease. Cases of CVST in patients with Klebsiella pneumonia...

    Authors: Lingyu Zhou, Chao Wang, Jialan Bian, Siyuan Xu, Minjie Yang and Mingquan Chen
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:286
  10. Cognitive complaints are common in patients recovering from Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19), yet their etiology is often unclear. We assess factors that contribute to cognitive impairment in ambulatory ver...

    Authors: Karen Blackmon, Gregory S. Day, Harry Ross Powers, Wendelyn Bosch, Divya Prabhakaran, Dixie Woolston and Otto Pedraza
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:285
  11. Evaluation of the current physical therapy practice for German stroke rehabilitation with respect to the ‘Rehabilitation of Mobility after Stroke (ReMoS)’ guideline recommendations and the associated implement...

    Authors: Bettina Scheffler, Florian Schimböck, Almut Schöler, Katrin Rösner, Jacob Spallek and Christian Kopkow
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:284
  12. Lymphoplasmacyte-rich meningioma (LPRM) is a rare form of meningioma characterized by prominent lymphoplasmacytic infiltrates into the tumor. Report of flat growth of LPRM mimicking pachymeningitis is rare in ...

    Authors: Yue Zhang, Xiang Zhang, Abhijeet Kumar Bhekharee, Zunguo Du and Shuguang Chu
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:283
  13. The widespread use of brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has revealed the correlation between enlarged perivascular spaces (EPVS) and cognitive impairment (CI). However, few studies have examined the corre...

    Authors: Yu Tu, Wenyan Zhuo, Jiewei Peng, Rong Huang, Baizhu Li, Yuqi Liu, Chengtao Zhang, Xiuli Zeng and Li’an Huang
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:282
  14. Anti-leucine-rich glioma-inactivated 1 (LGI1) encephalitis, an autoimmune disorder, is characterized by faciobrachial dystonic seizures, epilepsy, memory deficits and altered mental status while hiccup is not ...

    Authors: Lan Hou, Li Wan, Hongshan Li, Zhehui Wang, Hongzhi Guan, Haitao Ren and Pei Wang
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:281
  15. The recanalization rate after intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) is not enough and there is still the possibility of re-occlusion. We aim to investigate the effectiveness and safety of infusing tirofiban after IVT.

    Authors: Zhigang Liang, Junliang Zhang, Shuangfeng Huang, Shaowan Yang, Luyao Xu, Wei Xiang and Manman Zhang
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:280
  16. While several studies investigated the epidemiology and burden of stroke in the North Africa and Middle East region, no study has comprehensively evaluated the age-standardized attributable burden to all strok...

    Authors: Ataollah Shahbandi, Parnian Shobeiri, Sina Azadnajafabad, Sahar Saeedi Moghaddam, Yeganeh Sharifnejad Tehrani, Narges Ebrahimi, Nazila Rezaei, Mohammad-Mahdi Rashidi, Seyyed-Hadi Ghamari, Mohsen Abbasi-Kangevari, Sogol Koolaji, Rosa Haghshenas, Negar Rezaei, Bagher Larijani and Farshad Farzadfar
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:279
  17. Migraine is a neurological condition characterized by chronic inflammation. However, not much is known about the potential role of peripheral blood immune cells in the pathophysiology of migraine.

    Authors: Hongtao Li, Qiang Fu, Kamaira Philips, Yufei Sun, Keturah R. Faurot, Susan A. Gaylord and John Douglas Mann
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:278
  18. While numerous neuroimaging studies have demonstrated that glaucoma is associated with smaller volumes of the visual cortices in the brain, only a few studies have linked glaucoma with brain structures beyond ...

    Authors: Yae Won Ha, Heeseon Jang, Sang-Baek Koh, Young Noh, Seung-Koo Lee, Sang Won Seo, Jaelim Cho and Changsoo Kim
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:277
  19. Anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) encephalitis is a type of autoimmune encephalitis. The underlying mechanism(s) remain largely unknown. Recent evidence has indicated that the gut microbiome may be in...

    Authors: Jingya Wei, Xiao Zhang, Fang Yang, Xiaodan Shi, Xuan Wang, Rong Chen, Fang Du, Ming Shi and Wen Jiang
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:276
  20. Care for People with Multiple Sclerosis (PwMS) is increasingly complex, requiring innovations in care. Canada has high rates of MS; it is challenging for general neurologists to optimally care for PwMS with bu...

    Authors: Penelope Smyth, Kaitlyn E. Watson, Yazid N. Al Hamarneh and Ross T. Tsuyuki
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:275
  21. Our previous study explored Amphotericin B (AMB) plus 5-flucytosine (5-FC) combined with fluconazole (FLU) therapy in the induction period, which seemed to be better than the previous AMB + 5-FC antifungal the...

    Authors: Junyu Liu, Jia Liu, Xiaohong Su, Lu Yang, Yijie Wang, Anni Wang, Xiaofeng Xu, Min Li, Ying Jiang and Fuhua Peng
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:274
  22. Automated infrared pupillometry (AIP) and the Neurological Pupil index (NPi) provide an objective means of assessing and trending the pupillary light reflex (PLR) across a broad spectrum of neurological diseas...

    Authors: Claudio M. Privitera, Sanjay V. Neerukonda, Venkatesh Aiyagari, Shoji Yokobori, Ava M. Puccio, Nathan J. Schneider, Sonja E. Stutzman and DaiWai M. Olson
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:273
  23. Circadian rhythm disorders (CRDs) are closely associated with the occurrence and development of various diseases, such as inflammatory and cardiovascular diseases, as well as tumors. The impact of a CRD on bod...

    Authors: Xiaoli Chen, Dongze Li, Yu Jia, Yanmei Liu, Yan Ma, Rui Zeng, Zhi Wan and Lei Ye
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:272
  24. Early infratentorial and focal spinal cord lesions on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are associated with a higher risk of long-term disability in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). The role of diffuse sp...

    Authors: Michaela Andelova, Karolina Vodehnalova, Jan Krasensky, Eliska Hardubejova, Tereza Hrnciarova, Barbora Srpova, Tomas Uher, Ingrid Menkyova, Dominika Stastna, Lucie Friedova, Jiri Motyl, Jana Lizrova Preiningerova, Eva Kubala Havrdova, Bénédicte Maréchal, Mário João Fartaria, Tobias Kober…
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:270
  25. Myalgic encephalomyelitis / chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS) is a common, long-term condition characterised by post-exertional malaise, often with fatigue that is not significantly relieved by rest. ME/CFS ha...

    Authors: Andy Devereux-Cooke, Sian Leary, Simon J. McGrath, Emma Northwood, Anna Redshaw, Charles Shepherd, Pippa Stacey, Claire Tripp, Jim Wilson, Margaret Mar, Danielle Boobyer, Sam Bromiley, Sonya Chowdhury, Claire Dransfield, Mohammed Almas, Øyvind Almelid…
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:269
  26. A small lateral medullary lesion could produce isolated impairment of temperature sensation without concomitant impaired pain sensation. However, only one such case has ever been reported, and there are no rep...

    Authors: Keisuke Hanada, Kayoko Yokoi, Natsuko Kashida, Ryota Shimomura, Daiki Murata and Kazumi Hirayama
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:268
  27. Preclinical studies provided a strong rationale for a pathophysiological link between cell-free hemoglobin in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF-Hb) and secondary brain injury after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH-SBI)...

    Authors: Kevin Akeret, Raphael M. Buzzi, Moritz Saxenhofer, Kathrin Bieri, Deborah Chiavi, Bart R. Thomson, Manuela Grüttner-Durmaz, Nina Schwendinger, Rok Humar, Luca Regli, Tristan P. C. van Doormaal, Ulrike Held, Emanuela Keller, Michael Hugelshofer and Dominik J. Schaer
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:267
  28. The worldwide prevalence of dementia is rapidly rising. Alzheimer’s disease (AD), accounts for 70% of cases and has a 10–20-year preclinical period, when brain pathology covertly progresses before cognitive sy...

    Authors: Jane Alty, Quan Bai, Renjie Li, Katherine Lawler, Rebecca J. St George, Edward Hill, Aidan Bindoff, Saurabh Garg, Xinyi Wang, Guan Huang, Kaining Zhang, Kaylee D. Rudd, Larissa Bartlett, Lynette R. Goldberg, Jessica M. Collins, Mark R. Hinder…
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:266
  29. Primary familial brain calcification (PFBC) is a rare inherited neurological disorder characterized by bilateral basal ganglia calcification with a series of motor and nonmotor symptoms. Mutations in the SLC20A2 ...

    Authors: Weiting Bu, Lijing Hou, Meijia Zhu, Renyun Zhang, Xiaoyu Zhang, Xiao Zhang, Jiyou Tang and Xiaomin Liu
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:265
  30. Stent-assisted coiling (SAC) has been reported as a feasible and effective treatment of wide-neck cerebral aneurysms. However, the evidence of SAC of ruptured cerebral aneurysm is lacking. There are no prospec...

    Authors: Gaozhi Li, Yongquan Han, Shenghao Ding, Yaohua Pan, Xiaohua Zhang and Bing Zhao
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:264
  31. Evidence regarding the relationship between serum triglyceride-to-high density lipoprotein cholesterol (TG/HDL-c) ratio and outcomes in acute ischemic stroke (AIS) patients is still mixed. Therefore, the prese...

    Authors: Yong Han, Zhiqiang Huang, Jinsong Zhou, Zhibin Wang, Qiming Li, Haofei Hu and Dehong Liu
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:263
  32. Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disease, for which no disease-modifying therapies exist. Preclinical and clinical evidence suggest that hypoxia-based therapy might have short- and long-term ben...

    Authors: Jules M. Janssen Daalen, Marjan J. Meinders, Federica Giardina, Kit C. B. Roes, Bas C. Stunnenberg, Soania Mathur, Philip N. Ainslie, Dick H. J. Thijssen and Bastiaan R. Bloem
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:262
  33. Lumbar puncture (LP) is a common and relatively safe neurological procedure. It can be complicated by post-dural puncture headache (PDPH) after both diagnostic and therapeutic procedures. The aim of this study...

    Authors: Jasem Al-Hashel, Azza Rady, Fathi Massoud and Ismail Ibrahim Ismail
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:261
  34. Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a lethal neurodegenerative disease characterized by the gradual loss of upper and lower motor neurons that leads to progressive muscle atrophy and weakness. Edaravone, a ...

    Authors: Jin-Mo Park, Donghwi Park, Hyung-Jun Kim and Jin-Sung Park
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:260
  35. Cerebral venous infarction (CVI) is a serious complication after meningioma resection. The risk factors of postoperative cerebral venous infarction after surgical resection of meningioma can be determined thro...

    Authors: Qing Cai, Shoujie Wang, Min Zheng, Xuejiao Wang, Rong Liu, Liqin Liu, Huaizhou Qin and Dayun Feng
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:259
  36. To describe technical features and initial results of a novel large-bore reperfusion catheter as first thromboaspiration approach for endovascular stroke treatment in terminal internal carotid artery (T-ICA) o...

    Authors: Daniele Giuseppe Romano, Giulia Frauenfelder, Francesco Diana and Renato Saponiero
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:258
  37. Leber Hereditary Optic Neuropathy (LHON) is a rare, maternally-inherited mitochondrial disease that primarily affects retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) and their axons in the optic nerve, leading to irreversible, ...

    Authors: Nancy J. Newman, Matthew Schniederjan, Pia R. Mendoza, David J. Calkins, Patrick Yu-Wai-Man, Valérie Biousse, Valerio Carelli, Magali Taiel, Francois Rugiero, Pramila Singh, Alexandra Rogue, José-Alain Sahel and Philippe Ancian
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:257
  38. Risk-stratification tools that have been developed to identify transient ischemic attack (TIA) patients at risk of recurrent vascular events typically include factors which are not readily available in electro...

    Authors: Laura J. Myers, Anthony J. Perkins, Ying Zhang and Dawn M. Bravata
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:256
  39. Although the characteristics of intracranial aneurysms (IAs) in different age groups have been well documented, they remain relatively unclear in elderly patients due to a lack of large sample studies.

    Authors: Ruiqi Chen, Dingke Wen, Anqi Xiao, Rui Guo, Chao You and Yi Liu
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:255
  40. The dopaminergic system modulates growth hormone secretion and previous results have suggested a link between short stature and an increased risk of Parkinson’s disease (PD).

    Authors: Laura Saari, Emmilotta A. Backman, Pia Wahlsten, Maria Gardberg and Valtteri Kaasinen
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:254
  41. Neurological manifestations of COVID-19 are thought to be associated with the disease severity of COVID-19 and poor clinical outcomes. Dysregulated immune responses are considered to be mediating such complica...

    Authors: Seungyon Koh, Yoon Seob Kim, Min Hye Kim, Young Hwa Choi, Jun Young Choi and Tae-Joon Kim
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:253
  42. To compare the effectiveness of dimethyl fumarate (DMF) with subcutaneous interferon beta-1a (IFNβ-1a) in controlling disease activity in patients with relapsing–remitting Multiple Sclerosis (MS).

    Authors: Neda Sattarnezhad, Brian C. Healy, Moogeh Baharnoori, Camilo Diaz-Cruz, James Stankiewicz, Howard L. Weiner and Tanuja Chitnis
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:252
  43. Eptinezumab is an anti-calcitonin gene-related peptide humanized monoclonal antibody approved for the preventive treatment of migraine in adults. The PREVAIL study demonstrated a favorable safety profile with ...

    Authors: Andrew Blumenfeld, Anders Ettrup, Joe Hirman, Bjarke Ebert and Roger Cady
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:251
  44. In seizure-naive brain tumor patients, the efficacy of perioperative prophylactic antiepileptic drug treatment remains controversial. In case of administration, the common preferred drug is levetiracetam (LEV)...

    Authors: Elias Konrath, Franz Marhold, Wolfgang Kindler, Florian Scheichel, Branko Popadic, Katrin Blauensteiner, Bernadette Calabek, Elisabeth Freydl, Michael Weber, Robin Ristl, Katharina Hainz, Camillo Sherif and Stefan Oberndorfer
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:250
  45. In recent years, alkaline phosphatase (ALP) has been considered as one of the independent risk factors of acute ischemic stroke (AIS) and leads to worse clinical outcomes in patients with renal failure. In thi...

    Authors: Zhongzhong Liu, Xuemei Lin, Lingxia Zeng, Qingli Lu, Pei Liu, Jing Wang, Yan Liu, Qiaoqiao Chang, Yan Wang, Chensheng Song, Fang Wang, Yaling Shi, Guozheng Liu, Qing Wang and Songdi Wu
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:249
  46. Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) is an uncommon cerebrovascular disease with diverse predisposing factors. We report a case of CVST caused by a thyroid storm induced by traumatic brain injury.

    Authors: Shurong Gong, Wenyao Hong, Jiafang Wu, Jinqing Xu, Jianxiang Zhao, Xiaoguang Zhang, Yuqing Liu and Rong-Guo Yu
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:248
  47. Cryptococcal meningoencephalitis (CM) is a severe infection of central nervous system with high mortality and morbidity. Infection-related inflammatory syndrome is a rare complication of CM. Herein, we report ...

    Authors: Xiao-Hong Su, Wei-Peng Li, Qi Lin, Xiu-Jun Zheng, Ting Fang, Ying Jiang and Fu-Hua Peng
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:247
  48. Children with cerebral palsy (CP) often have communication impairments, including speech altered intelligibility. Multiple levels of disrupted speech have been reported in CP, which negatively impact on partic...

    Authors: S. Fiori, C. Ragoni, I. Podda, A. Chilosi, C. Amador, P. Cipriani, A. Guzzetta and G. Sgandurra
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:246
  49. Patient involvement in discharge planning of patients with stroke can be accomplished by providing personalized outcome information and promoting shared decision-making. The aim of this study was to develop a ...

    Authors: J. C. M. Prick, S. M. van Schaik, I. A. Deijle, R. Dahmen, P. J. A. M. Brouwers, P. H. E. Hilkens, M. M. Garvelink, N. Engels, J. W. Ankersmid, S. H. J. Keus, R. The, A. Takahashi, C. F. van Uden-Kraan, P. J. van der Wees and R. M. Van den Berg-Vos
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:245

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