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  1. The neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) is positively associated with unfavorable outcomes in patients with cerebral infarction. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between the NLR and the short-...

    Authors: Mingfeng Zhai, Shugang Cao, Xinlin Wang, Yingli Liu, Feng Tu, Mingwu Xia and Zongyou Li
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:445
  2. Food-borne botulism is a rare neuromuscular junction disorder due to the effect of toxins released from Clostridium botulinum ingested by eating improperly stored food. Its classic manifestation is a rapidly e...

    Authors: Francesco Crescenzo, Raffaele Del Colle, Domenico Ajena, Matteo Stecca, Laura Ferigo, Francesca Rossi and Michelangelo Turazzini
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:444
  3. People with Parkinson’s disease (PD) have a high fall rate and many falls are associated with turns. Despite this, there is minimal research on effects of rehabilitation on the quality of turns. Further, quant...

    Authors: LA King, P Carlson-Kuhta, JL Wilhelm, JA Lapidus, ML Dale, LS Talman, N Barlow, M Mancini and FB Horak
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:442
  4. Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) is generally considered to be monophasic, and recurrent GBS (RGBS) is very rare. Pharyngeal-cervical-brachial (PCB) is a less common variant of GBS. There have been no cases repor...

    Authors: Haihui Luan, Peng Zhang, Mingqing Zhen, Mei Li, Xiaowei Wang and Jianghua Xu
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:441
  5. The Greek Society of Migraine and Headache Patients (GSMHP), maintaining a strong commitment to research and information, conducted its second web-based online survey named "Migraine in Greece—2020", following...

    Authors: Emmanouil V. Dermitzakis, Aikaterini Kouroudi, Andreas A. Argyriou, Konstantinos C. Spingos, Konstantinos Bilias and Michail Vikelis
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:440
  6. Narcolepsy type 1 (NT1) is a rare and chronic neurological disease characterized by sudden sleep attacks, overwhelming daytime drowsiness, and cataplexy. When associated with a sudden loss of muscle tone (cata...

    Authors: João H. C. Campos, Ana C. R. Aguilar, Fernando Antoneli, Giselle Truzzi, Marcelo R. S. Briones, Renata C. Ferreira and Fernando M. S. Coelho
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:439
  7. Idiopathic basal ganglia calcification (IBGC) is a genetic disorder of the nervous system commonly known as Fahr disease. IBGC patients with a genetic background are considered to have primary familial brain c...

    Authors: Meiying Li, Qin Fu, Liangxu Xiang, Yingwei Zheng, Wenjing Ping and Yongjun Cao
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:438
  8. Essential thrombocythemia (ET) is a rare cause of stroke. The V617F mutation in the Janus kinase 2 (JAK2) gene is one of the most typical mutations in ET and has been shown to be a risk factor for stroke, espe...

    Authors: Ran Yan, Donghua Mi, Xin Qiu and Zixiao Li
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:437
  9. This study aimed to compare the incidence of cerebral ischemia and outcomes between surgical clipping and endovascular coiling in patients with posterior communicating artery (PCoA) aneurysms.

    Authors: Yuankun Cai, Tingbao Zhang, Jingwei Zhao, Guo Li, Jincao Chen, Wenyuan Zhao and Nanxiang Xiong
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:436
  10. Delayed-onset post stroke cognitive impairment (PSCI) results from secondary neurodegeneration induced by stroke. Whereas targeted prevention or treatment strategies are still missing due to lack of evidences....

    Authors: Ziyu Liu, Wenhui Lu, Ling Gao, Xiaojuan Guo, Jie Liu, Fan Gao, Kang Huo, Jin Wang and Qiumin Qu
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:435
  11. Overlap syndromes of anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis and MOG-mediated demyelination have been reported. In this case we provide a long-term longitudinal follow-up of clinical and imaging characteristics as wel...

    Authors: Klaus Berek, Astrid Grams, Christian Uprimny, Manuela Prieschl, Melanie Ramberger, Iris Unterberger, Florian Deisenhammer, Markus Reindl and Harald Hegen
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:434
  12. Meningeal carcinomatosis is mainly associated with breast cancer, lung cancer, and melanoma. However, meningeal carcinomatosis secondary to a neurenteric cyst with malignant features is extremely rare.

    Authors: Min Chu, Leiming Wang, Hong Ye, Junjie Li, Dehong Lu, Yueshan Piao and Liyong Wu
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:433
  13. Pisa syndrome (PS), characterized by lateral trunk flexion, is quite common in patients with Parkinson’s disease (PD). Patients with PS are older and have a significantly longer disease duration, more severe m...

    Authors: Eriko Igami, Motoki Fujimaki, Mai Shimizu, Yuta Ishiguro, Takuma Kodama, Yasuyuki Okuma, Nobutaka Hattori and Kazuyuki Noda
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:432
  14. Motor neuron disease (MND) is a rapidly progressive, fatal neurodegenerative disease that predominantly affects motor neurons from the motor cortex to the spinal cord and causes progressive wasting and weakeni...

    Authors: Rebecca L. Gould, Benjamin J. Thompson, Charlotte Rawlinson, Pavithra Kumar, David White, Marc A. Serfaty, Christopher D. Graham, Lance M. McCracken, Matt Bursnall, Mike Bradburn, Tracey Young, Robert J. Howard, Ammar Al-Chalabi, Laura H. Goldstein, Vanessa Lawrence, Cindy Cooper…
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:431
  15. The aim of the study was to determine whether the combination of Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) and Pupil responses score (GCSP) with arterial lactate level would be an index to predict the short term prognosis in p...

    Authors: Yu-Mei Wang, Ning Zhu, Yi-Min Zhou, Rui Su, Hong-Liang Li and Jian-Xin Zhou
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:430
  16. C1q/TNF-related protein 9 (CTRP9) and adiponectin (APN) have beneficial metabolic regulatory and vasoprotective effects. This study explored alteration of CTRP9 and APN multimers during onset of ischemic strok...

    Authors: Yan-Qing Zhang, Yan-Wei Zhang, Jian-Li Dai, Chen Li, Wen-Qing Wang, Hai-Feng Zhang, Wayne Bond Lau, Xiao-Ming Wang, Xiao-Gang Liu and Rong Li
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:429
  17. Myosin heavy chain (MyHC) isoforms define the three major muscle fiber types in human extremity muscles. Slow beta/cardiac MyHC (MYH7) is expressed in type 1 muscle fibers. MyHC IIa (MYH2) and MyHC IIx (MYH1) are...

    Authors: Carola Hedberg-Oldfors, Ólöf Elíasdóttir, Mats Geijer, Christopher Lindberg and Anders Oldfors
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:428
  18. Vaccination is an important public health strategy; however, many neurological adverse effects are associated with COVID-19 vaccination, being encephalitis a rare manifestation.

    Authors: Miguel A. Vences, Mary M. Araujo-Chumacero, Edu Cardenas, Diego Canales, Arturo Alvarez, Ebelin Barja, Maria Fe Albujar and Diego Urrunaga-Pastor
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:427
  19. Seizures can be part of the clinical presentation of central nervous system (CNS) infections. We describe patients suspected of a neurological infection who present with a seizure and study diagnostic accuracy...

    Authors: Sabine E. Olie, Ingeborg E. van Zeggeren, Liora ter Horst, Diederik van de Beek and Matthijs C. Brouwer
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:426
  20. Spinal and bulbar muscular atrophy (SBMA) is an X-linked recessive hereditary neuromuscular disorder caused by the expanded trinucleotide repeat in the androgen receptors gene. The major clinical manifestation...

    Authors: Guang Ji, Rui Huang, Xiaomeng Zhou, Cuifang Cao, Qiong Wu, Zhenfei Li, Hui Dong, Xueqin Song and Yaling Liu
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:425
  21. Anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) encephalitis is an inflammatory disease of the central nervous system (CNS) in which antibodies within the serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) target NMDA receptors. ...

    Authors: Peng Bai, Bin Liu, Min Li, Mei Chun, Xiangling Ma and Jin Zhen
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:424
  22. We designed a new multi-modal version of the MSmonitor, called the MSmonitor-Plus and Video calling Care (MPVC), a self-management and education program with e-health interventions that combines frequent use o...

    Authors: M. Hoving, P. J. Jongen, S. M. A. A. Evers, M. A. Edens and E. M. P. E. Zeinstra
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:423
  23. Studying comorbidities with migraine aids in a better understanding of its pathophysiology and potential therapeutic targets. This case-control study aimed to study the impact of insulin resistance and metabol...

    Authors: Mona Ali, Mona Hussein, Rehab Magdy, Ahmed Khamis, Salsabil Abo Al-Azayem, Asmaa M Othman, Aya Ahmed and Wesam Osama
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:422
  24. Meningoencephalocele is a rare malformation caused by congenital and acquired lesions. The association between recurrent bacterial meningitis and meningoencephaloceles with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak is re...

    Authors: Jinru Zhang, Jianchao Wu, Yue Wu, Yaye Wang and Jingzhe Han
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:421
  25. Kernohan-Woltman notch phenomenon (KWNP) classically occurs when a lesion causes compression of the contralateral cerebral peduncle against the tentorium, resulting in ipsilateral hemiparesis. It has been stud...

    Authors: Yuliang Lin, Alan Chen-Lung Chou, Xiangming Lin, Zhende Wu, Qichao Ju, Yuexuan Li, Zulong Ye and Bo Zhang
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:419
  26. To explore the clinical characteristics and related factors of children with acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) with positive anti-myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG) antibody.

    Authors: Jue Shen, Donghui Lin, Tiejia Jiang, Feng Gao and Kewen Jiang
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:418
  27. Long-onset COVID syndrome has been described in patients with COVID-19 infection with persistence of symptoms or development of sequelae beyond 4 weeks after the onset of acute symptoms, a medium- and long-ter...

    Authors: Alissa Elen Formiga Moura, Danilo Nunes Oliveira, Danielle Mesquista Torres, José Wagner Leonel Tavares-Júnior, Paulo Ribeiro Nóbrega, Pedro Braga-Neto and Manoel Alves Sobreira-Neto
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:417
  28. The evidence for mechanical thrombectomy in acute basilar artery occlusion has until now remained inconclusive with basilar artery strokes associated with high rates of death and disability. This systematic re...

    Authors: Abid Malik, Brian Drumm, Lucio D’Anna, Isabelle Brooks, Benjamin Low, Oishik Raha, Khawar Shabbir, Orsolya Vittay, Joseph Kwan, Zoe Brown, Omid Halse, Sohaa Jamil, Dheeraj Kalladka, Marius Venter, Harri Jenkins, Neil Rane…
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:415
  29. Primary Sjögren’s syndrome (pSS) is an autoimmune inflammatory disease characterized by dryness of the eyes, mouth and other mucous membranes. Patients with pSS can also present with extraglandular manifestati...

    Authors: ChenLing Lv, FeiYan Zhu, Chao Chen, YunLing Wang, DengJun Guo and ZhenZhong Zhang
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:414
  30. To retrospectively analyze CT and MR imaging features of the brain in patients with hydrogen sulfide poisoning based on clinical symptom grading and to investigate their correlations with clinical symptoms and...

    Authors: Daidi Tang, Ning Tian, Jianming Cai, Jinlin Ma, Tingting Wang, Hongtao Zhang and Fugeng Sheng
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:413
  31. Seizures can occur unpredictably in patients with acute encephalitis syndrome (AES), and many suffer from poor long-term neurological sequelae. Establishing factors associated with acute seizures risk and poor...

    Authors: A. M. Alam, J. P. K. Chen, G. K. Wood, B. Facer, M. Bhojak, K. Das, S. Defres, A. Marson, J. Granerod, D. Brown, R. H. Thomas, S. S. Keller, T. Solomon and B. D. Michael
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:412
  32. Primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) is a rare and aggressive disease. The role of surgical resection in PCNSL has always been the center of debate. Here we investigated the clinical and follow-up d...

    Authors: Xin Cheng, Haoran Chen, Chongran Sun, Buyi Zhang, Jianmin Zhang and Yongjie Wang
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:411
  33. Mixed data exist regarding the association between hyperglycemia and functional outcome after acute ischemic stroke when accounting for the impact of leptomeningeal collateral flow. We sought to determine whet...

    Authors: Daniel F. Arteaga, Robin Ulep, Kevin K. Kumar, Andrew M. Southerland, Mark R. Conaway, James Faber, Max Wintermark, David Joyner, Vera Sharashidze, Karen Hirsch, Dan-Victor Giurgiutiu, Yousef Hannawi, Yasmin Aziz, Lori Shutter, Anita Visweswaran, Alana Williams…
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:408
  34. Variants in the valosin-containing protein (VCP) gene were identified as one of the causes for inclusion body myopathy associated with Paget disease of the bone and frontotemporal dementia (FTD). Previously ident...

    Authors: Ryota Kobayashi, Hiroya Naruse, Shinobu Kawakatsu, Chifumi Iseki, Yuya Suzuki, Shingo Koyama, Daichi Morioka, Hiroyuki Ishiura, Jun Mitsui, Yasuyuki Ohta, Shoji Tsuji, Tatsushi Toda and Koichi Otani
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:406
  35. MicroRNAs (miR or miRNA) are short regulatory RNAs, which modulate post-transcriptional gene expression. Dysregulation of these molecules contributes to pathogenicity of autoimmune disorders, such as multiple ...

    Authors: Sepide Ali Ashrafi, Milad Asadi, Dariush Shanehbandi, Saeed Sadigh Eteghad, Asra Fazlollahi, Seyed Aria Nejadghaderi and Sheida Shaafi
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:405
  36. The anti-SOX-1 antibodies have been mainly associated with Lambert-Eaton Myasthenic Syndrome (LETMS) and Small-Cell Lung Cancer (SCLC). In this report, we describe the interesting case of a patient with serum ...

    Authors: Ennio Polilli, Antonella Frattari, Jessica Elisabetta Esposito, Gilda Angelini, Annalisa Di Risio, Elena Mazzotta, Simona Coladonato, Giancarlo Di Iorio, Giustino Parruti and Pierluigi Tocco
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:404
  37. Acute encephalopathy with biphasic seizures and late reduced diffusion (AESD) and mild encephalopathy associated with excitotoxicity (MEEX) are the most frequent acute encephalopathies in pediatric patients in...

    Authors: Yuki Nakajima, Shinya Kobayashi, Hideki Tanoue, Sayaka Ishihara, Ayako Kamiya, Nanako Kawata, Mari Asakura, Daichi Suzuki, Natsuko Obana, Kenta Hayashi, Takahiro Kawaguchi, Masahiro Noda, Kunihiro Oba, Tatsuo Katori, Tsutomu Kageyama and Masashi Ogasawara
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:403
  38. A frequent post stroke disorder in lateralized attention is visuospatial neglect (VSN). As VSN has a strong negative impact on recovery in general and independence during daily life, optimal treatment is deeme...

    Authors: Marij Middag-van Spanje, Teresa Schuhmann, Tanja Nijboer, Olof van der Werf, Alexander T. Sack and Caroline van Heugten
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:402
  39. Neuronal intranuclear inclusion disease (NIID) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease. Patients with NIID may present with heterogeneous clinical symptoms, including episodic encephalopathy, dementia, limb...

    Authors: Ning Su, He-Jiao Mao, Chen-Hui Mao, Li-Ying Cui, Yi-Cheng Zhu, Yan Zhou and Jun Ni
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:401
  40. Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP) is an autoimmune disease that involves damage to the peripheral nervous system. The course of the disease can progress for more than 8 weeks, with frequ...

    Authors: Yan Jin, Hong Chu, Hongjuan Dong, Hongyang Wang, Qingping Wang, Xiaoquan Zhao, Dongdong Qin, Zuneng Lu and Chao Weng
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:400
  41. Undoubtedly, stroke is expanding as a global public health issue. Stroke-related deaths are attributable to modifiable risk factors. A demographic shift in Ethiopia increased the prevalence of stroke risk fact...

    Authors: Hussen Abdu, Fentaw Tadese and Girma Seyoum
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:399
  42. Dysferlinopathy is an autosomal recessive muscular dystrophy caused by pathogenic variants in the dysferlin (DYSF) gene. This disease shows heterogeneous clinical phenotypes and genetic characteristics.

    Authors: Ning Wang, Xu Han, Shengpu Hao, Jingzhe Han, Xiaomeng Zhou, Shuyan Sun, Jin Tang, Yanpeng Lu, Hongran Wu, Shaojuan Ma, Xueqin Song and Guang Ji
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:398
  43. Colloid cyst (CC) is a rare and benign cyst found in the third ventricle near the foramen of Monro. Although the role of surgical resection is well established in symptomatic large-sized CC, it remains debatab...

    Authors: Joo-Hwan Lee, Jong-Hwan Hong, Yeong Jin Kim and Kyung-Sub Moon
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:397
  44. Neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS) is a rare and occasionally fatal undesirable reaction to dopamine antagonists, and its phenotype is diverse owing to causative drugs. Classically, elevation of serum creati...

    Authors: Yuki Kakinuma, Ryota Amano, Atsushi Ishida, Ichizo Nishino and Katsumi Taki
    Citation: BMC Neurology 2022 22:396

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