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Table 4 Effect of pneumonia on functional outcome

From: Post-stroke infection: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Study No. of patients Outcome
(modified Rankin Scale)
OR
(95% CI)
Correction for
confounders
Vermeij et al [1] 521 > 2 at discharge
> 2 at 1 year
9.5 (1.7-52)
10.95 (2.2-46)
   Yes
Hong et al [18] 1254    3-6 at 3 months 4.44 (2.20-8.99)    Yes
Huang et al [46] 66    < 3 at 1 month 0.50 (0.38-0.64)    No
Ovbiagele [16] 663    0-3 at discharge 0.16 (0.09-0.29)    Yes
Aslanyan et al [14] 1455    ≥ 2 at 3 months 3.4 (1.4-8.3)    Yes