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Table 1 Demographic and Clinical Characteristiscs

From: Evaluating integrated headache care: a one-year follow-up observational study in patients treated at the Essen headache centre

   Migraine (n = 637) Migraine + TTH (n = 132) TTH (n = 72)
Gender n (%) Male 85 (13.3) 11 (8.3) 23 (31.9)
  Female 552 (86.7) 121 (91.7) 49 (68.1)
Age, mean (SD)   40.7 (12.7) 38.6 (13.7) 45.3 (17.8)
Education* n (%) Low education 350 (54.9) 69 (52.3) 29 (40.3)
  High education 193 (30.3) 44 (33.3) 10 (13.9)
  Missíng 94 (14.8) 19 (14.4.) 33 (45.8)
Employment, n (%) Unemployed 30 (4.7) 5 (3.8) 8 (11.1)
  Fulltime 441 (69.2) 90 (68.2) 35 (48.6)
  Housemaker 68 (10.7) 13 (9.8) 7 (9.7)
  Pensioner 33 (5.2) 10 (7.6) 17 (23.6)
  Missing 65 (10.2) 14 (10.6) 5 (6.9)
Marital Status, n (%) Single 81 (12.7) 22 (16.7) 12 (16.7)
  Partnership 421 (66.1) 77 (58.3) 44 (61.1)
  Others 42 (6.6) 12 (9.1) 7 (9.7)
  Missing 93 (14.6) 21 (15.9) 9 (12.5)
Smoking, n (%) Yes 91 (14.3) 16 (12.1) 11 (15.3)
  No 448 (70.3) 96 (72.7) 47 (65.3)
  Missing 98 (15.4) 20 (15.2) 14 (19.4)
Duration of disease, years mean (SD)   19.9 (12.5) 17.2 (13.5) 11.7 (11.5)
Headache frequency at admission days/month, mean (SD)   8.9 (19.9) 16.7 (31.8) 25.6 (34.0)
MIDAS grade** at I 20.2 (20.6) 26.3 (26.4) n.a.
admission, mean (SD) II 18.2 (17.2) 21.7 (21.0) n.a.
  III 20.6 (16.4) 22.0 (18.7) n.a.
  IV 36.1 (22.9) 37.9 (24.2) n.a
  1. TTH: Tension Type Headache; n.a.: not applicable. * Education level is divided into two groups: a) Low education: no school qualification+ high school qualification. b) High education: A-level+ University degree, ** MIDAS: Migraine Disability Assessment Score. MIDAS scores are categorized by disability levels: little or no disability (grade I: 0-5), mild disability (grade II: 6-10), moderate disability (grade III: 11-20), severe disability (grade IV: 20+); S.D.: standard deviation, n: number of patients.