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Table 3 Univariate comparisons

From: Early intervention to promote oral feeding in patients with intracerebral hemorrhage: a retrospective cohort study

  Control n = 90 Early intervention n = 129 P value Odds ratio (95% CI)
Primary Outcome, n (%)     
Death 7 (7.8) 2 (1.6) 0.034 0.19 (0.04-0.92)
FOIS 1 17 (18.9) 8 (6.2)   
FOIS 2, 3 5 (5.6) 7 (5.4)   
FOIS 4-6 FOIS 7 46 (51.1) 15 (16.7) 74 (57.4) 38 (29.5) 0.001 3.13 (1.60-6.15)
Secondary Outcome     
   Infection, n (%)     
Any infection 36 (40.0) 43 (33.3) 0.312 0.75 (0.43-1.31)
Chest infection 32 (35.6) 27 (20.9) 0.016 0.48 (0.26-0.88)
   Antibacterial drugs, vial/patient (SD) 16.3 (39.6) 6.1 (15.6) 0.009  
   Length of hospital stay, days (SD) 44.2 (27.2) 31.9 (19.8) < 0.001  
   Functional outcome, n (%)     
(favorable)     
mRS 0-2 17 (18.9) 31 (24.0) 0.366 1.36 (0.70-2.64)
GOS 4-5 18 (20.0) 42 (32.6) 0.040 1.93 (1.02-3.64)
(unfavorable)     
mRS 5-6 48 (53.3) 51 (39.5) 0.044 0.57 (0.33-0.99)
GOS 1-2 19 (21.1) 7 (5.4) < 0.001 0.21 (0.09-0.54)
  1. Data are given as n (%) or mean (SD).
  2. Abbreviations: FOIS, Functional Oral Intake Scale; mRS, modified Rankin Scale; GOS, Glasgow Outcome Scale.