Skip to main content

Table 1 Baseline characteristics

From: Ethnicity and thrombolysis in ischemic stroke: a hospital based study in Amsterdam

  White
(n = 392)
Non-white
(n = 118)
P-value
Ethnicity    
Black - 53%  
Asian - 37%  
Turkish - 3%  
Moroccan - 1%  
Other - 6%  
Patient characteristics    
Gender (% female) 45% 54% 0.08
Age 69 (59-79) 60 (49-72) < 0.001
BMI 25 (23-27) 27 (24-31) 0.03
Systolic blood pressure 150 (135-176) 160 (140-186) 0.02
Diastolic blood pressure 82 (75-95) 90 (80-100) 0.003
NIHSS 5 (2-12) 4 (2-6) 0.04
TOAST classification    
Small-vessel disease 36% 59% < 0.001
Large-vessel disease 40% 25%  
Cardioembolic stroke 15% 8%  
Other known cause 4% 4%  
Undetermined cause 6% 5%  
Baseline medication use    
Platelet inhibitors    
   Aspirin 19% 10% 0.02
   Dipyridamole 5% 5% 0.99
   Clopidogrel 2% 1% 0.32
Oral anticoagulation 14% 6% 0.02
Antihypertensive 49% 43% 0.27
Antihyperlipidemic 26% 18% 0.08
Antidiabetic 15% 29% < 0.001
Cardiovascular risk factors    
Hypertension 55% 62% 0.21
Untreated hypertension 23% 32% 0.15
Diabetes 18% 39% < 0.001
Hypercholesterolemia 29% 34% 0.37
Smoking (previous or current) 64% 47% 0.003
Atrial fibrillation 14% 9% 0.11
Previous stroke 23% 20% 0.55
  1. Continuous variables are given as medians with interquartile ranges between brackets. Abbreviations: BMI = body mass index; NIHSS = National institute of health stroke scale