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Table 5 Baseline characteristics of patients with vertebral artery origin stenosis or acute lacunar infarcts

From: Long-term outcome of vertebral artery origin stenosis in patients with acute ischemic stroke

  Vertebral artery origin stenosis (n = 137) Acute lacunar infarcts (n = 171) P-value
Age, years (mean ± SD) 70.4 ± 10.3 63.8 ± 11.5 < 0.001
Male (n,%) 73 (53.3) 97 (56.7) 0.566
Hypertension (n,%) 96 (70.1) 119 (69.6) 1.000
Diabetes (n,%) 66 (48.2) 75 (43.9) 0.491
Hyperlipidemia (n,%) 56 (40.9) 57 (33.3) 0.191
Atrial fibrillation (n,%) 6. (4.4) 5 (2.9) 0.547
Smoking (n,%) 61 (44.5) 90 (52.6) 0.170
Previous stroke history (n,%) 34 (24.8) 41 (24.0) 0.894
Coronary arterial disease 27 (19.7) 41 (24.4) 0.337
Peripheral arterial disease 5 (3.6) 6 (3.6) 1.000
ESRS (mean ± SD) 3.2 ± 1.5 2.9 ± 1.5 0.126
ESRS > 3 52 (38.0) 58 (33.9) 0.475
  1. ESRS Essen Stroke Risk Score.
  2. Published data of patients who had acute lacunar infarcts were used for the comparison; data used with personal permission [14].