Skip to main content

Table 1 Results of univariate analysis in ischaemic stroke patients with anterior cerebral artery (ACA) infarction compared with middle cerebral artery (MCA) and posterior cerebral artery (PCA)

From: Infarction in the territory of the anterior cerebral artery: clinical study of 51 patients

Data Anterior cerebral artery Middle cerebral artery ACA vs MCA
P value*
Posterior cerebral artery ACA vs PCA
P value
Total patients 51 1355   232  
Males 27 (52.9) 635 (46.9) 0.238 128 (55.2) 0.445
Age, years, mean (SD) 74.4 (14.7) 76 (11.4) 0.331 73.9 (11.9) 0.801
Age ≥ 85 years 11 (21.6) 302 (22.3) 0.904 37 (15.9) 0.219
Cerebrovascular risk factors      
   Hypertension 28 (54.9) 769 (56.8) 0.886 136 (58.6) 0.369
   Diabetes mellitus 15 (29.4) 301 (22.2) 0.150 70 (30.2) 0.530
   Valve heart disease 1 (2) 95 (7) 0.124 16 (6.9) 0.153
   Ischaemic heart disease 4 (7.8) 223 (16.5) 0.066 36 (15.5) 0.111
   Atrial fibrillation 12 (23.5) 461 (34) 0.077 62 (26.7) 0.391
   Congestive heart dailure 4 (7.8) 88 (6.5) 0.431 9 (3.9) 0.190
   TIA 4 (7.8) 152 (11.2) 0.314 30 (12.9) 0.225
   Previous cerebral infarction 10 (19.6) 225 (16.6) 0.342 41 (17.7) 0.440
   Previous cerebral haemorrhage 1 (2) 10 (0.7) 0.335 4 (1.7) 0.633
   Periphery arterial disease 2 (3.9) 100 (7.4) 0.269 13 (5.6) 0.472
   Obesity 4 (7.8) 51 (3.8) 0.135 11 (4.7) 0.276
   Alcohol abuse (> 80 g/day) 0 39 (2.9) 0.232 1 (0.4) 0.820
   Smoking (> 20 cigarettes/day) 3 (5.9) 132 (9.7) 0.261 20 (8.6) 0.376
   Dyslipemia 9 (17.6) 226 (16.7) 0.458 45 (19.4) 0.474
Clinical features      
   Sudden onset 27 (52.9) 722 (53.3) 0.537 108 (46.6) 0.251
   Headache 0 120 (8.9) 0.010 53 (22.8) 0.000
   Dizziness symptoms 2 (3.9) 14 (1) 0.112 7 (3) 0.504
   Seizures 1 (2) 24 (1.8) 0.606 0 0.180
   Nausea, vomiting 2 (3.9) 62 (4.6) 0.587 17 (7.3) 0.299
   Speech disturbances 22 (43.1) 816 (60.2) 0.011 70 (30.2) 0.054
   Altered consciousness 4 (7.8) 278 (20.5) 0.014 28 (12.1) 0.277
   Motor deficit 44 (86.3) 1145 (84.5) 0.459 90 (38.8) 0.000
   Sensory 15 (29.4) 554 (40.9) 0.066 119 (51.3) 0.003
Aetiological stroke subtypes    0.337   0.001
   Atherothrombotic 15 (29.4) 395 (29.2)   68 (29.3)  
   Lacunar 6 (11.8) 301 (22.2)   80 (34.5)  
   Cardioembolic 23 (45.1) 482 (35.6)   50 (21.6)  
   Unknown aetiology 6 (11.8) 124 (9.2)   20 (8.6)  
   Unusual cause 1 (2) 52 (3.9)   14 (6)  
Symptom-free at discharge 5 (9.8) 149 (11) 0.507 45 (19.4) 0.072
Cardiac events 2 (3.9) 78 (5.8) 0.436 6 (2.6) 0.439
Infectious events 6 (11.8) 237 (17.5) 0.194 15 (6.5) 0.155
Respiratory events 4 (7.8) 176 (13) 0.196 12 (5.2) 0.321
Length of hospital stay, median (25th–75th percentile) 12 (10–24) 13 (9–23) 0.895 12.8 (8–22) 0.601
In-hospital deaths 4 (7.8) 235 (17.3) 0.048 9 (3.9) 0.190
  1. Data are n (%) unless otherwise stated.
  2. *P = 0.337; P = 0.001.
  3. Association with motor hemonegligence in 11.8%; concomitant presence of grasping in 17.6%; callosal disconnection syndrome in 5.9%.