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Table 1 Characteristics at day 3 post-stroke, presented for the total group of patients and subgroups

From: A cohort study investigating a simple, early assessment to predict upper extremity function after stroke - a part of the SALGOT study

  Total FMA-UE ≤31 points FMA-UE ≥32 points
Number of patients, n (%) 112 (100) 62 (55) 50 (45)
Age, years, mean (SD) 69 (13.0) 71 (12.3) 67 (13.6)
Men, % 55 53 58
Independence in mobility pre-stroke, % 94 92 96
Location of stroke, %    
Right 52 56 48
Left 42 42 42
Bilateral 4 0 2
Brain stem 1 0 1
Unknown 1 2 0
Ischaemic stroke, % 83 79 88
Intracerebral haemorrhage, % 17 21 12
Type of ischaemic stroke, Bamford, %    
Total anterior cerebral infarct 16 27 5
Lacunar anterior cerebral infarct 34 16 55
Partial anterior cerebral infarct 43 53 35
Posterior circulation infarct 7 4 9
Treated with thrombolysis, % 12 15 8
Treated with thrombectomy, % 4 5 2
Stroke Severity, NIHSS (0-42 p)    
median, (q1-q3) 7 (3-13) 12 (8-17) 4 (3-6)
Dominant arm affected, % 45 43 46
UE functioning day 3, FMA-UE (0-66 p)    
median, (q1-q3) 18 (4-55) 4 (2-10) 56 (47-61)
UE functioning day 3, ARAT (0-57 p) median, (q1-q3) 4.5 (0-43) 0 (0-3) 46 (35-51)
Obtained rehaba, %    
Day 3, inpatient rehab, n = 112 100 100 100
Day 10, rehab/no rehab, n = 112 93/ 7 98/2 82/18
1 Month, rehab/no rehab, n = 104 82/ 18 97/ 3 63/37
12 Month, rehab/no rehab, n = 74 38/62 59/41 16/84
  1. aObtained PT and/or OT intervention
  2. Abbreviation: ARAT, The Action Research Arm Test; Bamford classification; FMA-UE, the Fugl-Meyer Assessment Scale for Upper Extremity; NIHSS, National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale; OT, Occupational therapist; Rehab, Rehabilitation; PT, Physiotherapist; q1-q3 1st and 3rd quartile values; UE, upper extremity