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Table 2 Progressive rehabilitative exercises for intervention group

From: Singapore Tele-technology Aided Rehabilitation in Stroke (STARS) trial: protocol of a randomized clinical trial on tele-rehabilitation for stroke patients

Category no. Category description Exercise Levels
I Upper Limb Strengthening Shoulder Flexion
Shoulder Extension
Shoulder External Rotation
Shoulder Abduction
Elbow Flexion
Shoulder Extension
Wrist Flexion
Wrist Extension
Wrist Pronation
Wrist Supination
Fingers Mass Extension
1. Gravity eliminated, active assisted
2. Gravity eliminated, active
3. Against gravity, no Thera Tube (TT)
4. Against gravity, yellow TT
5. Against gravity, red TT
6. Against gravity, green TT
7. Against gravity, blue TT
II Lower Limb Strengthening Hip Flexion
Hip Extension
Hip Abduction
Knee Flexion
Knee Extension
Ankle Dorsiflexion
Ankle Plantarflexion
1. Gravity eliminated, active assisted
2. Gravity eliminated, active
3. Against gravity, no Thera Tube (TT)
4. Against gravity, yellow TT
5. Against gravity, red TT
6. Against gravity, green TT
7. Against gravity, blue TT
III Seated Balance Exercise   1. Equal weight bearing on ischial tuberosities for 30 seconds
2. Weight shift, lifting alternate leg from chair for 30 seconds
3. Non-paretic Upper Limb: Ipsi-lateral diagonal reaching (anterior and posterior)
4. Paretic Upper Limb: Contra-lateral diagonal reaching (anterior and posterior)
5. Non-paretic Upper Limb: Contra-lateral anterior diagonal reaching (anterior and posterior)
6. Paretic Upper Limb: Ipsi-lateral reaching (anterior and posterior)
IV Standing Balance Exercise   1. Shoulder- width stance 30 seconds, eyes open, for 30 seconds
2. Feet together 30 seconds, eyes open
3. Staggered stance, Paretic leg in fronton step, eyes open for 30 seconds
4. Staggered stance, Non- paretic leg in fronton step, eyes open for 30 seconds
5. Semi tandem with paretic leg in front for 30 seconds
6. Semi tandem with non-paretic leg in front for 30 seconds
V Functional Activities Walking (Lower Limbs) As much as possible