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Table 4 Analysis 1: TOAST subtype vs. all other subtypes combined with smoking and HTN included in the regression model

From: Ethnic differences in ischemic stroke subtypes in young-onset stroke: the Stroke Prevention in Young Adults Study

  Small vessel (n = 142) Large artery (n = 68) Cardioembolic (n = 181) Cryptogenic (n = 485)
Sex 1.17 p = 0.42 1.50 p = 0.140 1.32 p = 0.115 0.96 p = 0.742
 (1 = male) [0.80, 1.71] [0.88, 2.56] [0.94, 1.85] [0.74, 1.25]
Ethnicity 1.36 p = 0.109 0.64 p = 0.092 1.03 p = 0.845 1.01 p = 0.950
 (1 = AA) [0.93, 1.99] [0.38, 1.08] [0.74, 1.45] [0.77, 1.31]
Age 2.56 p= 0.0002 2.38 p= 0.016 0.65 p= 0.014 0.91 p = 0.530
 (≥40) [1.56, 4.22] [1.18, 4.83] [0.46, 0.92] [0.69, 1.21]
Current smoker 1.05 p = 0.804 1.79 p= 0.024 0.66 p= 0.016 1.12 p = 0.380
 (1 = yes) [0.73, 1.52] [1.08, 2.98] [0.47, 0.93] [0.87, 1.46]
HTN 2.03 p= 0.0003 1.70 p= 0.048 0.94 p = 0.713 0.74 p= 0.027
 (1 = yes) [1.38, 2.98] [1.01, 2.88] [0.66, 1.33] [0.56, 0.97]
  1. Logistic regression performed with the three groups of sex, ethnicity, and age - comparing stroke subtype risk against all other stroke subtypes combined. The risk factors of smoking and HTN were added into the basic model. Significant results are bolded