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Table 2 Univariate analysis of patients with or without stroke disability at 3 months after minor stroke

From: Factors for short-term outcomes in patients with a minor stroke: results from China National Stroke Registry

Variables Overall Disability No disability P value
Sample size, n (%) 4669 679 (14.5) 3990 (85.5)  
Age, median (IQR), year 65 (55–74) 72 (62–78) 64 (55–72) <0.001
Female, n (%) 1656 (35.5) 281 (41.4) 1375 (34.5) <0.001
Vascular risk factors     
 Hypertension, n (%) 3438 (73.6) 527 (77.6) 2911 (73.0) 0.01
 Diabetes mellitus, n (%) 1274 (27.3) 251 (37.0) 1023 (25.6) <0.001
 Dyslipidemia, n (%) 550 (11.8) 79 (11.6) 471 (11.8) 0.90
 Atrial fibrillation, n (%) 270 (5.8) 75 (11.0) 195 (4.9) <0.001
 Coronary heart disease, n (%) 600 (12.8) 124 (18.3) 476 (11.9) <0.001
 Previous stroke, n (%) 1451 (31.1) 273 (40.2) 1178 (29.5) <0.001
 Current or previous smoking, n (%) 1872 (40.1) 229 (33.7) 1643 (41.2) <0.001
 Moderate or heavy alcohol, n (%) 470 (10.1) 39 (5.7) 431 (10.8) <0.001
 BMI at admission, median (IQR), kg/m2 24.22 (22.3–26.3) 24.03 (22.0–26.0) 24.22 (22.5–26.4) 0.03
NIHSS score, median (IQR)     
 At admission 2 (1–3) 2 (0–3) 2 (1–3) 0.06
 At 24 h 2 (1–3) 3 (2–3) 2 (1–3) <0.001
Time from onset to admission <24 h, n (%) 2472 (52.9) 1641 (54.5) 831 (50.2) 0.005
Neurological deterioration, n (%) 166 (3.6) 270 (39.8) 1927 (48.3) <0.001
TOAST subtype, n (%)     <0.001
 Large-artery atherosclerosis 1951 (41.8) 303 (44.6) 1648 (41.3)  
 Small-artery occlusion 1066 (22.8) 94 (13.8) 972 (24.4)  
 Cardioembolism 131 (2.8) 44 (6.5) 87 (2.2)  
 Other 176 (3.8) 21 (3.1) 155 (3.9)  
  1. Stroke disability was defined as modified Rankin Scale >2; IQR interquartile range, BMI body mass index, NIHSS National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale, TOAST Trial of Org 10172 in Acute Stroke Treatment