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Table 1 In- and exclusion criteria

From: The Cognition and Affect after Stroke - a Prospective Evaluation of Risks (CASPER) study: rationale and design

Inclusion criteria Exclusion criteria
- Ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke - Subarachnoidal hemorrhage, traumatic hemorrhage, primary intraventricular hemorrhage and transient ischemic attack
- MMSE score ≥ 15 (to ensure valid testing) - Age younger than 40 years (to exclude atypical strokes)
- Written informed consent - Severe aphasia (as it interferes with performance on and understanding of the instructions of the neuropsychological tests)
- Sufficient knowledge of the Dutch language - Evidence for pre-stroke dementia (based on clinical diagnosis or IQ-CODE) in the 5 years prior to the stroke
  - Other existing psychiatric and neurological diagnoses that are known to affect cognition (Parkinson’s disease, bipolar disorder, epilepsy, schizophrenia, or substance abuse)a
  1. aLifetime history of depression is not considered as a reason for exclusion as it might be a risk factor for post-stroke depression