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Table 3 The comparison in the SCI groups before and after 12–16 weeks of training

From: Association of serum myokines and aerobic exercise training in patients with spinal cord injury: an observational study

   SCI (n = 5) P valuea
Pre-training Post-training
Basic data Age (year) 39.6 ± 7.4 - -
Height (cm) 167.6 ± 6.0 167.6 ± 6.0 -
Weight (kg) 65.6 ± 6.6 67.9 ± 7.3 0.180
BMI (kg/m2) 23.5 ± 3.4 24.3 ± 3.8 0.180
Resting HR (beat/min) 72.5 ± 13.8 71.8 ± 13.8 0.992
SBP (mmHg) 109.5 ± 24.8 110.6 ± 32.1 0.128
DBP (mmHg) 65.9 ± 11.6 67.4 ± 15.0 0.799
Peak exercise HR (beat/min) 117.4 ± 23.8 120.4 ± 19.7 0.866
SBP (mmHg) 136.8 ± 28.0 145.6 ± 34.1 0.446
DBP (mmHg) 77.8 ± 14.9 78.6 ± 18.5 0.204
\( \overset{.}{\mathrm{V}}{\mathrm{O}}_2 \) (ml/min) 877.5 ± 426.2 902.4 ± 360.7 0.553
\( \overset{.}{\mathrm{V}}{\mathrm{O}}_2 \) (ml/min/kg) 12.3 ± 5.5 13.9 ± 5.5 0.866
\( {\overset{.}{\mathrm{V}}}_{\mathrm{E}} \) (ml/min) 32845.5 ± 15628.5 33580.0 ± 13222.2 0.398
  Work load (watt) 39.6 ± 27.9 59.6 ± 32.1 0.312
Myokines myostatin (ng/ml) 6.1 ± 2.0 9.0 ± 1.5 0.018
IGF-1 (ng/ml) 219.7 ± 51.7 204.4 ± 59.6 0.176
follistatin (ng/ml) 1042.7 ± 351.1 909.8 ± 409.0 0.398
  1. Abbreviations: SCI spinal cord injury, BMI body mass index, HR heart rate, SBP systolic blood pressure, DBP diastolic blood pressure, VO 2 oxygen uptake, V E , minute ventilation; IGF-1 insulin-like growth factor-1
  2. aby comparison between pre- and post-training groups using the Wilcoxon matched pairs test