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Table 1 Inclusion and exclusion criteria for the study

From: Sympathetic activity and early mobilization in patients in intensive and intermediate care with severe brain injuries: a preliminary prospective randomized study

Inclusion criteria for Groups 1, 2, 3
  • Age≥18
 • Severe neurological injury
 • Bed rest≥7 days
 • Continuous monitoring in the Intensive or Intermediate Care Unit
 • Signed informed consent
Exclusion criteria for Group 2
 • Amputation of a leg, with impossibility to pedal
 • Trauma or previous surgery of the feet, pelvis or lumbar column
 • Abdominal open wound
 • Extreme obesity (BMI> 35)
 • Ulcers
 • Height <150cm
 • Psychiatric disease or severe agitation
Exclusion criteria for Group 3
 • Fixed contractions of the legs
 • Weight >135 kg
 • Leg length <70 cm or > 102 cm
 • Bone instability
 • Open ulcers or vascular disease of the legs
 • Cardiac contro-indications
 • Inadequate cooperation of the patient