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Table 4 Measurements classification and use in data sources (n = 108)

From: Inventory of real world data sources in Parkinson’s disease

Dimension Measurement acronym Measurement full name Data sources (number and numbering)
Motor and neurological (n = 46)
Global H&Y Hoehn and Yahr (n = 30) °1,2,3,4,5,7,9,10,13,14,16,17,18,20,21,25,26,27,31,33,34,35,38,40,41,42,44,45,50,51
UPDRS-III Unified Parkinson’s Disease Rating Scale - motor examination (n = 41) °1,2,3,4,5,7,8,10,11,13,14,16,17,18,19,20,21,24,25,26,27,28,30,32,33,34,35,36,38,40,41,42,43,44,45,46,47,49,50,52,53
UPDRS-IV Unified Parkinson’s Disease Rating Scale - motor complications (n = 2) n°1,14
Gait and balance   Berg balance test (n = 2) n°7,10
  Flamingo test (n = 1) n°38
FGA Functional Gait Assessment (n = 2) n°7,10
FOGQ Freezing of gait questionnaire (n = 2) n°7,10
  Gait speed (n = 4) n°7,8,10,46
PIGD Postural Instability / Gait Difficulty scale (n = 2) n°5,40
  Tandem gait (n = 1) n°48
TUG Time Up and Go test (n = 6) n°7,10,35,38,40,47
  Walk test (n = 5) n°7,10,46,47,48
Fine movement   Finger tapping (n = 3) n°4,46,47
  Purdue pegboard test (n = 6) n°4,7,10,38,46,47
  Reaction time (n = 1) n°24
  Unknown (n = 1) n°15
Cognition (n = 41)
Global ACE Addenbrooke’s Cognitive Examination (n = 1) n°40
AD-8 Ascertian Dementia 8-item Informant (n = 1) n°31
BDRS Blessed Dementia Rating Scale (n = 2) n°19,53
CAMCOG Cambridge Cognitive Assessment (n = 1) n°49
CASI Cognitive Abilities Screening Instrument (n = 1) n°24
CDR Clinical Dementia Rating scale (n = 5) n°3,4,6,19,30,53
  Clock drawing test (n = 1) n°4
DRS2 Dementia Rating Scale 2 (n = 6) n°4,19,25,26,34,53
HDS Hasegawa Dementia Rating Scale (n = 1) n°24
MDRS Mattis Dementia Rating Scale (n = 2) n°4,26
MMSE Mini Mental State Examination (n = 30) °1,3,4,5,7,9,10,11,12,14,15,16,18,20,21,24,26,28,31,34,36,37,38,42,44,45,46,47,48,50
MoCA Montreal Cognitive Assessment (n = 9) n°1,4,5,20,34,38,40,41,43
IQCODE Informant Questionnaire on Cognitive Decline in Elderly (n = 1) n°24
SPMSQ Short Portable Mental Status Questionnaire (n = 1) n°40
TICS-M Telephone Interview Cognitive Status Modified (n = 2) n°31,37
Attention/ Working memory   Digit span (n = 6) n°3,4,11,30,37,46
  STROOP test (n = 2) n°4,11
Executive function   Comprehension (n = 2) n°28,49
RBANS Repeatable Battery for Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (n = 1) n°8
  Symbol digit (n = 3) n°16,43,46
  Trail Making Test (n = 4) n°3,4,19,30
  Verbal fluency (n = 12) n°3,9,11,19,25,30,35,37,38,43,46,49
Language BNT Boston Naming Test (n = 5) n°3,25,30,37,46
COWA Controlled Oral Word Association (n = 4) n°1,3,4,11
FAS Letter-Number Sequencing and Phonemic verbal fluency (n = 2) n°11,25
  Naming (n = 1) n°49
NART American National Adult Reading test (n = 2) n°3,46
WAIS Wechlser Adult Intelligence Scale (n = 6) n°3,4,9,11,19,30
Memory BIMC Blessed Information Memory Concentration (n = 2) n°6,19
FCSRT Free and Cue Selective Reminding Test (n = 2) n°3,19
FOME Fuld Object Memory Evaluation (n = 1) n°19
HVLT Hopkins Verbal Learning test (n = 3) n°11,25,43
  Memory (n = 5) n°3,16,35,46,53
RAVLT Rey auditory verbal learning test (n = 3) n°1,4,30
  Recall (n = 2) n°46,49
WMS Wechsler Memory Scale (n = 2) n°9,30
Visual-spatial BVRT Benton Visual Retention Test (n = 1) n°9
CPM Raven’s coloured progressive matrices (n = 2) n°19,46
JLO Benton Judgement Line Orientation (n = 4) n°4,25,43,46
  Orientation (n = 1) n°53
PARR Picture Arrangement subtest (n = 1) n°9
ROCF Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure test recall (n = 1) n°11
  Visual attention (n = 1) n°19
  Unknown (n = 1) n°15
Psychiatric symptoms (n = 38)  
Depression / Anxiety AS Apathy Evaluation Scale (n = 3) n°4,32,33
BAI Beck Anxiety Inventory (n = 4) n°18,30,33,44
BDI Beck Depression Inventory (n = 9) n°5,11,18,26,30,32,33,36,44
CESD-10 Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (n = 3) n°24,39,47
GDS Geriatric Depression Screening scale (n = 17) n°1,3,4,5,7,8,10,14,20,25,26,28,34,40,43,48,50
HAM-A Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (n = 2) n°33,40
HDRS Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (n = 3) n°4,15,33
Leeds Leeds anxiety and depression scale (n = 1) n°38
SCID Structured Clinical Interview - Depression (n = 2) n°28,40
STAI State Trait Anxiety Inventory (n = 4) n°18,24,39,43
UPDRS-I Unified Parkinson’s Disease Rating Scale - mentation behavior and mood (n = 7) n°1,14,17,25,27,43,52
ZUNG Zung depression scale (n = 1) n°19
TOC OCI-R Obsessive-Compulsive Inventory – Revised (n = 1) n°18
QUIP Questionnaire for impulsive-compulsive disorders in parkinson’s disease-rating scale (n = 2) n°40,43
YBOCS Yale-Brown obsessive-compulsive scale (n = 1) n°33
Other CoNeg composite negative score (n = 1) n°29
MMPI Multiphasic Personality Inventory (n = 1) n°29
NPI NeuroPsychiatric Inventory questionnaire (n = 3) n°1,34,47
QABB Questionnaire About Buying Behaviour (n = 1) n°40
Rush Rush Hallucination Inventory (n = 1) n°21
SCS Sexual Compulsivity Scale (n = 1) n°40
YMRS Young Mania Rating Scale (n = 1) n°33
  Unknown (n = 4) n°6,15,46,49
Activities of daily living (n = 22)
  ACS Activity Card Sort (n = 1) n°20
ADCS-ADL Alzheimer’s Disease Cooperative Study ADL Inventory (n = 1) n°25
IADL Katz Instrumental Activity of Daily Living (n = 2) n°46,47
S&E Schwab & England activities of daily living scale (n = 10) n°5,14,18,26,34,38,41,43,44,53
UPDRS-II Unified Parkinson’s Disease Rating Scale - self-evaluation of the activities of daily living (n = 9) n°1,5,11,14,26,27,40,43,52
  Unknown (n = 3) n°15,17,51
Sleep quality (n = 11)
   Actigraphy (n = 1) n°47
ESS Epworth Sleepiness Scale (n = 4) n°5,14,38,43
FSS Fatigue Severity Scale (n = 1) n°40
ISI Insomnia Severity Index (n = 1) n°40
MSQ Mayo clinic Sleep Questionnaire (n = 2) n°4,30
PDSS Parkinson’s disease sleep scale (n = 1) n°40
PSQI Pittsburg Sleep Quality Index (n = 2) n°21,40
RBDSQ REM Sleep Behaviour Disorder Screening Questionnaire (n = 2) n°38,43
SA-SDQ Sleep Apnea Scale of Sleep Disorders Questionnaire (n = 1) n°40
SSS Stanford Sleepiness Scale (n = 1) n°40
  Unknown (n = 2) n°15,24
Quality of life (n = 9)
  EQ-5D Euro Quality of Life 5 Dimension questionnaire (n = 2) n°14,38
Neuro-QOL Quality of Life in Neurological Disorders (n = 1) n°34
NHP Nottingham Health Profile (n = 1) n°20
PDQUALIF Parkinson’s Disease Quality of Life Scale (n = 3) n°14,18,40
PDQ-39 39-item Parkinson’s disease quality of life (n = 5) n°7,10,20,35,40
PIMS Parkinson’s Impact Scale (n = 1) n°40
SF-12 The 12 item Short Form health survey (n = 2) n°14,20
SF-36 The 36 item Short Form health survey (n = 1) n°40
SWAL-QOL Swallow-specific quality of life (n = 1) n°40
Autonomic symptoms (n = 7)
   Bowel movement (n = 1) n°24
COMPASS Composite autonomic symptom Scale (n = 1) n°40
SCOPA-AUT Scales for outcomes of Parkinson’s Disease – autonomic symptoms (n = 3) n°4,5,43
  Unknown (n = 2) n°15,30
Other (n = 20)
Olfaction Brief-SIT Brief Smell Identification Test (n = 2) n°24,47
  16-item sniffin’ Sticks Odour Identification test (n = 1) n°38
UPSIT University of Pennsylvania Smell Identification Test (n = 6) n°1,4,5,34,39,43
Restless legs syndrome CH-RLSQ Cambridge-Hopkins Restless Legs Syndrome Diagnostic Questionnaire (n = 1) n°40
IRLSSG Instrument for the Assessment of Restless Legs Syndrome Severity (n = 1) n°4
Caregiver CSI caregiver strain index (n = 1) n°35
  deJong-Gierveld Loneliness Scale (n = 1) n°47
MCSI Multidimensional Caregiver Strain Index (n = 1) n°35
  Caregiver interview (n = 1) n°21
Other   Agonal state questionnaire (n = 1) n°51
CGI Clinical Global Impression scale (n = 1) n°38
CIRS Chronic Illness Resource Survey (n = 1) n°20
GHS Global Health Score (n = 1) n°8
GIS Global Impression Scale (n = 1) n°51
Howard-Dohlman device (n = 1) n°48
MNA Mini Nutritional Assessment (n = 1) n°40
MOS Medical outcome study (n = 1) n°20
MSSSS Medical Outcomes Study Social Support Scale (n = 1) n°28
Pain (n = 1) n°40
PASE Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly (n = 3) n°7,10,43
SRRS Social Readjustment Rating scale (n = 1) n°28
SSCI Stigma Scale for Chronic Illness (n = 1) n°20
Tremor rating (n = 1) n°4
Visual acuity (n = 1) n°48
Unknown (n = 1) n°15