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Table 1 Incidence and prevalence of pediatric MS: results from various national cohorts

From: Pediatric multiple sclerosis: a review

Country Number Age range Syndrome Diagnostic criteria Prevalence Incidence Reference
Germany 126 ≤ 15 years MS McDonald 2005   0.64 Reinhardt et al. [45]
Netherlands 86 <  18 years ADS Krupp 2007 0.66 Ketelsegers et al. [46]
UK 125 1-15 year ADS Krupp 2007 0.98 Absoud et al. [47]
Italy (Sardinia) 21 0-18 years MS Krupp 2013 26.92 2.85 Dell’Avvento et al. [48]
USA 81 0-18 years ADS MS Krupp 2007 1.66 0.51 Langer-Gould et al. [49]
Brazil 125 0-18 years MS Krupp 2007 5.5% of MS population   Fragoso et al. [50]
Iran (Shiraz) 88 1-18 years ADS   0.19 Inaloo et al. [51]
Kuwait 122 <  18 years MS Krupp 2013 6.0 2.1 Alroughani et al. [20]
  1. ADS acquired demyelinating syndromes