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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of the cohort (n = 3172)

From: High triglyceride/HDL cholesterol ratio is associated with silent brain infarcts in a healthy population

  Total Male
(n = 1713)
Female
(n = 1459)
Age, y [IQR] 56 [50–63] 56 [50–63] 57 [51–63]
Sex, male, n (%) 1713 (54.0) N/A N/A
Body mass index, kg/m2 [IQR] 24.03 [22.11–25.96] 24.48 [22.73–26.35] 23.47 [21.53–25.43]
Hypertension, n (%) 712 (22.4) 420 (24.5) 292 (20.0)
Diabetes, n (%) 437 (13.8) 390 (16.9) 147 (10.1)
Hyperlipidemia, n (%) 808 (25.5) 403 (23.5) 405 (27.8)
Ischemic heart disease, n (%) 124 (3.9) 73 (4.3) 51 (3.5)
Current smoking, n (%) 489 (15.4) 445 (26.0) 44 (3.0)
Current alcohol use, n (%) 1539 (48.5) 1148 (67.0) 391 (26.8)
On antiplatelet medication, n (%) 326 (10.3) 210 (12.3) 116 (8.0)
On antihypertensive, n (%) 699 (22.0) 371 (21.7) 328 (22.5)
On statin, n (%) 256 (8.1) 143 (8.3) 113 (7.7)
Fasting glucose, mg/dL [IQR] 91 [85–101] 93 [86–104] 90 [84–99]
Total cholesterol, mg/dL [IQR] 198 [174–223] 194 [172–219] 202 [178–227]
LDL cholesterol, mg/dL [IQR] 124 [101–147] 123 [101–147] 126 [102–148]
HDL cholesterol, mg/dL [IQR] 53 [45–63] 49 [42–58] 57 [49–67]
Triglycerides, mg/dL [IQR] 100 [73–144] 110 [78–159] 91 [69–125]
TG/HDL cholesterol ratio [IQR] 1.87 [1.23–3.02] 2.21 [1.43–3.56] 1.56 [1.09–2.42]
TC/TG ratio [IQR] 1.95 [1.36–2.67] 1.74 [1.23–2.44] 2.21 [1.60–2.94]
White blood cells, ×  103/μL [IQR] 5.31 [4.40–6.37] 5.61 [4.66–6.82] 5.03 [4.15–5.98]
hs-CRP, mg/dL [IQR] 0.04 [0.01–0.15] 0.06 [0.01–0.16] 0.03 [0.01–0.13]
Silent brain infarct, n (%) 263 (8.3) 146 (8.5) 117 (8.0)
Intracranial atherosclerosis, n (%) 95 (3.0) 51 (3.0) 44 (3.0)
  1. LDL low-density lipoprotein, HDL high-density lipoprotein, TG triglyceride, TC total cholesterol, hs-CRP high-sensitivity C-reactive protein