Skip to main content

Table 2 Differences of characteristics between patients with and without SBI

From: High triglyceride/HDL cholesterol ratio is associated with silent brain infarcts in a healthy population

  No SBI
(n = 2909)
SBI
(n = 263)
P-value
Age, y [IQR] 56 [50–62] 63 [57–69] <  0.001
Sex, male, n (%) 1567 (53.9) 146 (55.5) 0.608
Body mass index, kg/m2 [IQR] 24.00 [22.12–25.95] 24.24 [22.05–26.18] 0.357
Hypertension, n (%) 619 (21.3) 93 (35.4) <  0.001
Diabetes, n (%) 378 (13.0) 59 (22.4) <  0.001
Hyperlipidemia, n (%) 737 (25.4) 71 (27.0) 0.562
Ischemic heart disease, n (%) 110 (3.8) 14 (5.3) 0.217
Current smoking, n (%) 455 (15.6) 34 (12.9) 0.243
Current alcohol use, n (%) 1419 (48.8) 120 (45.6) 0.327
On antiplatelet medication, n (%) 285 (9.8) 41 (15.6) 0.003
On antihypertensive, n (%) 635 (21.8) 64 (24.3) 0.348
On statin, n (%) 233 (8.0) 23 (8.7) 0.675
Fasting glucose, mg/dL [IQR] 91 [85–101] 94 [85–109] 0.003
Total cholesterol, mg/dL [IQR] 198 [175–223] 191 [166–218] 0.003
LDL cholesterol, mg/dL [IQR] 125 [102–147] 117 [90–147] 0.009
HDL cholesterol, mg/dL [IQR] 53 [45–63] 51 [43–61] 0.028
Triglycerides, mg/dL [IQR] 99 [72–144] 107 [77–148] 0.037
TG/HDL cholesterol ratio [IQR] 1.85 [1.22–2.98] 2.12 [1.31–3.38] 0.016
TC/TG ratio [IQR] 1.97 [1.39–2.69] 1.74 [1.20–2.49] 0.002
White blood cells, × 103/μL [IQR] 5.30 [4.40–6.36] 5.48 [4.44–6.77] 0.054
hs-CRP, mg/dL [IQR] 0.04 [0.01–0.15] 0.07 [0.01–0.17] 0.039
Intracranial atherosclerosis, n (%) 80 (2.8) 15 (5.7) 0.007
  1. LDL low-density lipoprotein, HDL high-density lipoprotein, TG triglyceride, TC total cholesterol, hs-CRP high-sensitivity C-reactive protein