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Table 3 Association of vitamin D with SVD estimated by odds ratio (OR) at 95% confidence interval (CI)

From: The combined presence of hypertension and vitamin D deficiency increased the probability of the occurrence of small vessel disease in China

Vit D (ng/ml) SVD(106) Control(115) Model 1 Model 2
≥20 11(10.4%) 25(21.7%) 1(Ref) 1(Ref)
12–20 19(17.9%) 43(37.4%) 0.740 [1.171(0.461–2.972)] 0.9 [1.077(0.338–3.428)]
≤12 76(71.7%) 47(40.9%) 0.001* [4.154 (1.797–9.599)] 0.001*[5.609(2.006–15.683)]
  1. Model 1: adjusted with age and gender;
  2. Model 2: additionally adjusted with hyperlipidemia, stroke, smoking history, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, low-density lipoprotein, diabetes, hypertension
  3. *P < 0.05 is statistically significant