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Table 1 Baseline Characteristics of the VBD patients

From: Recurrent risk of ischemic stroke due to Vertebrobasilar Dolichoectasia

Characteristics Total (n = 115) With IS Recurrence (n = 22) Without IS Recurrence (n = 93) P value
Age, y; mean ± SD 63.1 ± 10.7 64.9 ± 10.0 62.7 ± 10.8 0.389
Male (%) 88 (76.5) 16 (72.7) 72 (77.4) 0.641
Hypertension, n (%) 85 (73.9) 20 (90.9) 65 (69.9) 0.044
Diabetes mellitus, n (%) 38 (33.0) 12 (54.5) 26 (28.0) 0.017
IHD, n (%) 10 (8.7) 5 (22.7) 5 (5.4) 0.030
Hyperlipemia, n (%) 34 (29.6) 5 (22.7) 29 (31.2) 0.434
Smoke, n (%) 37 (32.2) 5 (22.7) 32 (34.4) 0.292
NIHSS, median (IQR) 3 (1–6) 4 (1–9) 3 (1–6) 0.194
Basilar artery geometry
 ≥ 5.3 mm, 90th percentile 12 (10.4) 8 (36.4) 4 (4.3) < 0.001
 BA bifurcation, score = 3 7 (6.1) 4 (18.2) 3 (3.2) 0.032
 BA laterality, score ≥ 2a 19 (16.7) 4 (18.2) 15 (16.3) 1.000
DID 15 (13.0) 8 (36.4) 7 (7.5) 0.001
ICAS 35 (30.4) 11 (50.0) 24 (25.8) 0.027
ECAS 15 (13.0) 3 (13.6) 12 (12.9) 1.000
In-hospital treatment
 Antiplatelet 98 (85.2) 18 (81.8) 80 (86.0) 0.869
 Anticoagulant 23 (20.0) 2 (9.1) 21 (22.6) 0.236
 Statins 101 (87.8) 20 (90.9) 81 (87.1) 0.897
 IVT/thrombectomy 7 (6.1) 1 (4.5) 6 (6.5) 1.000
  1. aOne case of BA laterality could not be measured. Continuous variables are expressed as mean ± SD or median (IQR); other values are shown as n (%)